Letter to Editor Clinical Toxicology
1. A brief review of some strange and unusual poisoning in children

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Bita Dadpour

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 1-3

Abstract
  The Clinical Toxicology Center in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad is the referral center of poisonings in the East of Iran and many cases of poisoned children are referred to this center and some cases are admitted.In this letter we report some specific, strange and unusual poisonings in children admitted ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Infectious disease
2. A guideline for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients

Saeed Safari; Mahmoud Yousefifard

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 4-6

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first emerged from Wuhan, China, in late 2019, and has since been spreading progressively all around the world. Its prevalence is climbing increasingly and almost all countries worldwide are confronting this pandemic. As of April 11, 2020, reports obtained ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Audit of pediatric trauma in a secondary care urban public hospital

Harshit Shah; Bhavin P Vadodariya; Vibhuti Jaju; Sanjay Nagral; Nitin Borle; Manoj Jain

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 7-11

Abstract
  Objective: To study the demographic profile and outcomes of pediatric trauma victims.Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at a secondary care centre in urban India over 15 months. Permission from the local ethics body was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Children under ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
4. The success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance: A clinical trial study for pain management in emergency departments

Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian; Samaneh Khajeh Nasiri; Vahid Eslami; Saeideh Anavri Ardakani; Sayyed Reza Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 12-16

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance for pain management in emergency departments. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 individuals who needed posterior tibial nerve block ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasonography and radiography for calcaneal fractures in the emergency department

Majid Zamani; Maliheh Mazaheri; Farhad Heydari; Babak Masoumi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 17-21

Abstract
  Objective: Ultrasonography (US) is not the method of choice for the diagnosis of calcaneal fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US with plain radiography in the diagnosis of calcaneus fractures following blunt ankle and foot trauma. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. The impact of the coordinating nurse role on patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a semi-experimental study

Mojtaba Samimi; Arash Safaie; Mehran Sotoodehnia; Fatemeh Rasooli; Atefeh Abdollahi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 22-27

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the role of an emergency nurse coordinator (ENC) in improving patient satisfaction at the emergency department (ED) in Tehran, Iran.Methods: This was an interventional study in the field of ED management. This study was undertaken in the ED of Sina hospital ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. Comparison of Lichtenstein repair and new mesh implant technique in the treatment of indirect inguinal hernia

Siamak Mousazadeh; Iraj Feizi; Khatereh Isazadeh

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 28-31

Abstract
  Objective: Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence and postoperative complications between a new mesh implant technique in the floor of the inguinal canal with limited tissue repair on it and Liechtenstein ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
8. Investigation of autopsy results in cadavers with lead poisoning in Tehran Legal Medicine Center over 10 years

Fares Najari; Seyed Mojtaba Abolbagaei; Babak Mostafazadeh; Dorsa Najari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 32-35

Abstract
  Objective: Due to the rapid pace of industrialization and the high prevalence of addiction, toxicity caused by heavy metals, especially lead, has become one of the major health problems associated with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reliable information is critical to manage this condition. ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
9. Awareness of COVID-19 among patient attendants coming to the emergency department in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad Metropolitan region: A questionnaire-based survey

Mulla Mahammad Rafi; Mohammed Ismai Nizami; Uppaluri Sarath Chandra; Ashima Sharma; Gaddam Dharani Reddy; Lubna Tarannum

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 36-40

Abstract
  Objective: COVID-19 has become a major public health concern in recent times with detrimental effects on health and economy of the nation exerting unbearable pressure on health care personnel. It is vital for the caretakers and the people accompanying those patients to be aware of the ongoing pandemic ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
10. Assessing readiness for change in the Helmet use: a motivational interview

Fardin Shahbazzadeh; Sajjad Narimani; Shiva Ahmadi; Zahra Anvari; Mehdi Khezeli

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 41-45

Abstract
  Objective:This study aimed to determine the motivation to helmet use among motorcyclists in Ardabil city using the trans-theoretical model (TTM) motivational interview. Methods: Random cluster sampling was used for this study. Five gas stations were selected from the crowded areas of Ardabil city and ...  Read More

Review Article Education
11. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds: a qualitative meta-analysis

Amin Beigzadeh; Nikoo Yamani; Elham Sharifpoor; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy; Peyman Adibi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 46-55

Abstract
  Objective: Literature on the obstacles of clinical rounds is dispersed and has not been well established under a unified systematic investigation. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds, where a variety of skills important for the medical profession, cannot be augmented if barriers related to main ...  Read More

Review Article Disaster
12. Use of telemedicine and e-health in disasters: a systematic review

Simin Salehinejad; Nazanin Jannati; Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 56-62

Abstract
  Objective: Both natural and man-made disasters need near-term and long-term interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality among the affected population. Recently, telemedicine has been effectively used in both man-made and natural disasters and showed its effectiveness in eliminating the adverse consequences ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
13. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
14. A Foodborne botulism Occurrence in Mashhad: Clostridium botulinum in local cheese

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Hamid Reza Kheradmand

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Objective: Clostridium botulinum is one of the most common life-threatening agents all around the world which produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). It may lead to morbidities such as paralysis and mortality after consuming canned tuna fish, local dairy products and home-preserved or commercial food. ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
15. Unilateral cyanosis on tongue as an unusual appearance in emergency department: a case report

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 69-70

Abstract
  Introduction: Unilateral and bilateral tongue cyanosis usually occurs due to the Raynaud syndrome and in the underlying severe types of vasculitis and rheumatology.Case Presentation: The present study was conducted on a 54-year-old woman who referred to the emergency department with complaints of ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
16. Painless aortic dissection with slurred speech (Neurologic symptom)

Esmaeal Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Navid Kalani; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 71-73

Abstract
  Objective: Aortic dissection is an uncommon disorder with a high mortality rate, especially if misdiagnosis and mistreatment are not considered. Case Presentation: We present a 67-year old female with slurred speech and left sided plegia during her brother’s funeral. The patient did not have ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
17. Medical system error causing methotrexate poisoning and delay in diagnosis: report of two cases

Hamidreza Reihani; Maryam Ziadi Lotfabadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 74-76

Abstract
  Objective: We are going to alert the emergency physicians to be aware of drugs side effects. Some drugs like methotrexate are not routine drugs, and the symptoms may be miss diagnosed if not completely notified.Case Presentation: We present two patients under treatment with methotrexate. Both of them ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
18. A woman with a postpartum severe headache

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 77-79

Abstract
  Objective: Epidural anesthesia is one of the famous, generally safe, and most requestedpain relief measures in labor. Nevertheless, it can have some complications thoughpneumocephalus and subdural effusion are very rare complications.Case Presentation: A 32-year-old woman presented with a severe persistent ...  Read More