Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Biology, Kerman Branch of Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Objective: Most previous retrospective studies failed to show a consistent association between pre-hospital time intervals and mortality in trauma patients, bringing the recommendation of “transport fast to increase survival” under question. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of response time, scene time, and transport time with 24-hour in-hospital mortality.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study data were collected In the emergency department (ED). Time intervals were obtained from emergency medical service (EMS) central system. All traumatized patients presented to an urban academic hospital by EMS with Emergency Severity Index (ESI) levels 1 or 2 were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were age under 16 or above 65, being transported from outside of the city, severe underlying medical illness, life threatening intoxications, and randomized trauma score (RTS) of more than 10. Patients were followed in the hospital for 24-hour mortality.
Results: A total of 2884 patients were enrolled in the study. Response time, scene time, transport time, and total out of hospital time were all associated with mortality in univariate analysis (P = 0.02, 0.01, <0.001, and 0.001, respectively). In multivariate regression analysis, transport time was associated with 24-hour mortality (P < 0.001, OR [95% CI]: 1.20 [1.16-1.24]).
Conclusion: Although time intervals in most previous studies did not show association with mortality, there is no recommendation such as “pre-hospital time intervals in traumatized patients should not be limited,” since limiting time intervals for taking a traumatized patient to the hospital still seems to be prudent. Our findings support the recommendation of decreasing the transportation and total out of hospital time in the present condition in Kerman city EMS system.
 

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