Aims and Scope

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma is an Open Access free of charge and double blind peer-reviewed journal which provides an international forum for communication among health professionals with clinical, academic, and research interests in emergency practice. The journal gives particular emphasis to papers that integrate the findings of academic research into realities of clinical practice in the following areas:
Clinical Toxicology, Environmental Emergencies, Resuscitation, Anesthesiology, Emergency Ultrasonography, Disaster Medicine, Traumatology, Trauma Surgery, Critical Care, Internal Medicine, Cardiac Emergencies, Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Behavioral Emergencies, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Nursing and any other research related to emergency practice.

JEPT adheres to ICMJE and follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.

 

We are pleased to announce that Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma (ISSN: 2383-4544) has been accepted for inclusion in Scopus by Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB).

The CSAB has advised that the title is accepted for inclusion in Scopus.

 

APPROVAL OF SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCH RANKING

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma was approved at the 115th session of the National Medical Journals Commission of Iran on 14/Feb/2016 as a scientific-research journal.

 

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
1. Interleukin-6 blockade and cytokine release syndrome in coronavirus disease of 2019: Is that a lot? Thoughts from the emergency department

Sadaf Sheikh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 80-81

Abstract
  Interleukin-6 is pro-inflammatory cytokine which plays a role in cytokine storm and brought into notice with corona virus disease of 2019. Lymphopenia and dysregulated immune response were seen in the critically ill patients of corona virus disease of 2019. IL-6 inhibitors were proposed as a treatment ...  Read More

Review Article Clinical Toxicology
2. Ranking the acute poisoning etiologies in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Saeedeh Derhami; Ehsan Bolvardi; Reza Akhavan; Mahdi Foroughian; Behzad Shahi; Arman Hakemi; Zhila Rahmanian; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 82-87

Abstract
  Objective: Acute poisoning is a major health problem and one of the most common causes of emergency visits worldwide. Since most poisoning subjects present with a decreased level of consciousness and due to unreliable disease history, recognizing the etiological cause of the poisoning represents a critical ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Diagnostic relevance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in early detection of acute kidney injury

Madhusudhan Mahadevaiah; Murali Mohan Nidasale Thimmaiah; Venu Sashank Yerramsetty; Jeevan Kumar; Ranjith Kumar

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 88-92

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the predictive and diagnostic accuracy of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in acute kidney injury (AKI) and also to predict the renal replacement therapy (RRT) using NGAL as a marker.Methods: This prospective study was conducted among the patients admitted to intensive ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
4. Delirium treatment in intoxicated patients in ICU: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial

Javad Mesbahi; Shahin Shadnia; Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam; Nasim Zamani; Peyman Erfan Talab Evini; Delara Hazegh Fetratjoo; Alireza Kargar; Mitra Rahimi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 93-96

Abstract
  Objective: Delirium is one of the most common complications in patients admittedto intensive care units (ICUs). Delirium is a definite cause for more extended hospitalstays, higher mortality rates, and possibly persistent cognitive decline in the future.Antipsychotics have been frequently evaluated as ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. The effect of a short ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting

Anita Sabzghabaei; Fariba Farahi; Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni; Hamidreza Hatamabadi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 97-100

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting.Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. Clinical competencies of emergency medical services paramedics in responding to emergency conditions using Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in Guilan

Arash Amirrafiei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Fatemeh Haghshenas-Bakerdar; Ehsan Kazemnejad-Leili; Payman Asadi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 101-105

Abstract
  Objective: Evaluating the abilities of emergency medical services (EMS) staff who are in the frontline of the diseases could be an excellent reflection of the accuracy of curriculum both before and after graduation. This study was done to determine the clinical competencies of Guilan EMS staff in responding ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. Exploring nurses’ knowledge of basic life support guideline of American Heart Association: a local study

Payman Asadi; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Vahid Monsef-Kasmaei1

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 106-110

Abstract
  Objective: Awareness of the changes concerning the clinical guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for nurses. This study aimed at assessing the nurses’ knowledge of the 2015 American Heart Association basic life support guideline algorithm. Methods: In a cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
8. Emergency laparotomy at district hospitals in a developing nation: a review of indications and outcomes of treatment

Aloysius Ugwu-Olisa Ogbuanya; Nonyelum Benedett Ugwu

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 111-117

Abstract
  Objective: Recently, emergency and essential surgical and anesthesia care at district hospitals is increasingly gaining recognition as a critical, though neglected element of health care system in Africa and other developing nations. Emergency laparotomy is a versatile procedure that can cure a great ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
9. An overview of the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in the south of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; sarina sahmeddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 118-122

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma.Methods: This is a cross sectional study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated in the referral trauma center of south of Iran. Data of 264 patients were extracted from patients’ records ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
10. Pharmacoligical characterization of the iranian Cerastes cerastes gasperettii (Reptilia: Ophidia: Viperidae) venom

Sasan Zaeri; Zohre Aghaei; Navid Reza Mashayekhi; Ali Salemi; Ramin Seyedian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 123-126

Abstract
  Objective: Snake envenomation is common in tropical and subtropical countries of the Middle East areas including Iran. Cerastes cerastes gasperettii is a dangerous snake living in southwestern provinces of Iran. It causes massive edema at the bite site and coagulopathy leading to death if untreated. ...  Read More

Perspective Emergency medicine
11. How to deal with the mental health consequences of global health emergencies? A nutshell of telemental health services and its requirements

Nazanin Jannati; Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi; Roghayeh Ershad Sarab; Simin Salehinejad

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 127-129

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis of our time. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
12. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 130-132

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
13. Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 133-134

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
14. Oral ingestion of lidocaine for suicide: A case report

Maryam Adimolmasali; Ali Teimouri; Hamid Reza Mokhtar; Mahdi Foroughian; Parvin Zohoorian Sadr; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 135-136

Abstract
  Systemic toxemia with topical anesthetics could be fatal due to the use of anesthetics in various ways (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). Nowadays, topical anesthetics are used in inpatient and outpatient treatments. Despite its widespread usage, many physicians are not fully aware ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
15. Penetrating trans-abdominal bamboo stick injury: An unusual case report

Lalit Kumar Bansal; Raja Bhanukiran; Poras Chaudhary; Arun Kumar Gupta

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 137-139

Abstract
  Objective: objectives: Penetrating abdominal trauma secondary to bamboo stick injury is a rare entity in the developed world. Most of such kind of trans abdominal penetrating bamboo stick injury is associated with multiple solid and hollow viscus injuries. In developing countries like India, where nearly ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
16. Midwakh (pipe) and seizure: The overlooked link

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 140-142

Abstract
  Objective: Numerous drugs and medications from various pharmacological classes can lead to seizures as an unwanted side effect. Midwakh is a pipe commonly used to smoke tobacco blend in small quantities. Midwakh use is increasing, especially among young people. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old patient ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
17. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to COVID-19

Maythem Abdulhassan Al Kaisy

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 143-145

Abstract
  Objective: During the late 2019, a group of patients had unexplained chest infections in Wuhan which turned out to be the new pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). New neurological symptoms have been reported in COVID-19 patients. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a new neurological ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
18. How much can a small bursa stretch? A curious case of massive superficial infrapatellar bursitis in the emergency departme

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 146-148

Abstract
  Introduction: Inflammation of the infrapatellar bursa results from various causes like trauma, infection and overuse. Superficial skin or soft tissue infection can also lead to occasional septic bursitis. Infrapatellar bursa has two parts, superficial and deep bursae. Superficial bursa inflammation reactive ...  Read More

Cardiology
1. Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 35-38

Abstract
  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

Ethics
2. A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
3. Using risk factors to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with non-diagnostic electrocardiogram changes in emergency department

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Parvin Kashani; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Hamid Kariman; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of cardiac risk factors and the risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Emergency Department (ED) patients with non-diagnostic ECG changes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital during a period ...  Read More

emergency nursing
4. Factors influencing decisions on organ donation in brain death patients

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijari; Mahla Salajegheh; Ali Akbar Haghdoost; Habibolah Rezaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 60-66

Abstract
  Organ donation is an integral part of the health care system. Many patients who have had an accident or have undergone a progressive disease are in need of an organ transplant and if they do not receive the required organ they would die. It is important to know that the most important source of organ ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
5. Evaluation of suicide attempts with drug poisoning in North-West of Iran

Samad Shams Vahdati; Narges Moradi; Jamil Hemat Ghadim; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) or drug induced suicide is the most common method of suicide in the developed countries and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (1-3). Factors associated with DSP include economic and social factors, culture, religion, and health (4-6). Other symptoms ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Clinical Toxicology
1. The Challenge of Medication Errors in the Emergency Department Setting

Mojtaba Miladinia; Elham Mousavi Nouri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 June 2021

Abstract
  Medication errors (MEs) are considered the most common medical errors and as one of the major challenges threatening the health system, which can be also reduced. MEs threaten patients' safety and may increase the length of hospital stay, lead to unexpected complications, mortality and side costs. In ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
2. Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Original Article Education
4. The effect of teacher-made simulation moulage on learning cricothyrotomy skills in emergency medicine physicians

Hamid Reza Moretza Bagi; Amir Ghaffarzad; Peyman Fathipour; Reza Yazdani; Zhila Khamnian; Sama Rahnemayan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, simulation of clinical environment in medical education system (simulation-based learning) has led to a huge revolution in the quality of education and has increased the safety of educators and patients. In this study, we investigated the effect of teacher-made neck and lung simulators ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. Assessing the effectiveness of ketorolac in pain management of traumatic injuries in prehospital emergency care services

Seyyed Meysam Amini; Mehriyar Yoldashkhan; Sima Zohari; Malihe Nasiri; Zahra Mousavi; Seyed Mohammad Amini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pain is usually one of the most common symptoms among all traumatic injuries. One of the drugs that has recently entered the Iranian prehospital emergency system is ketorolac. Ketorolac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. Pattern of injuries in blunt trauma abdomen: A retrospective evaluation of imaging findings at a high-volume tertiary care trauma centre

Vikas Bhatia; Suzanne Koshi; Varun Bansal; Uma Debi; Lokesh Singh; Manavjit Singh Sandhu

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 June 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is the investigation of choice in trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the pattern, severity and association of abdominal injuries based on imaging at a high-volume tertiary trauma care centre. Methods: Retrospective ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Frequency of opium use in traumatic patients admitted to Shahid Rahnemoon hospital

Malek Moradi; Amir Motamedi; Adele Pouyafard; Mostafa Gavahi; Mohsen Barzegar

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Narcotic and alcohol use are recognized as the two important underlying factors in all types of trauma. In this study, the prevalence of opium consumption was investigated in traumatic patients who referred to Shahid Rahnemoon hospital in Yazd in 2018.Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional ...  Read More

Brief Report Infectious disease
9. The proposed scoring system for hospitalization or discharge of patients with COVID-19

Enayatollah Noori; Mostafa Vahedian; Sajjad Rezvan; Neda Minaei; Reihane Tabaraii

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 January 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the triage ofpatients diagnosed with corona virus has been a very important issue. The aim of thisstudy was to introduce a triage scoring system according to the clinical and para-clinicalfindings of patients in order to be admitted ...  Read More

Original Article
10. Challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological research

Mohammad Mohammadi; Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad; Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi; Maryam Shivanpour

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pre-hospital emergency staff are involved in the front line of care for COVID-19 patients and face many challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: This qualitative research was conducted with a descriptive ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
11. Pseudo-SAH in a patient with methanol poisoning

Elham Pishbin; Hamidreza Reihani; Bahram Zarmehri; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 11 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Methanol poisoning is a dangerous life-threatening event, manifested withvarious symptoms, sometimes very rare ones, that all should be addressed to preventmisdiagnosis of the methanol-poisoned patients.Case Presentation: A 21-year-old young man was brought to the emergency department(ED) ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
12. Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Case Report
13. An unusual case of both bones forearm shaft fracture with ipsilateral distal radio-ulnar joint disruption

Atul Rai Sharma; Akash Singhal; Anurag Patil; Gladson David Masih

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) subluxation with associated both bones forearm fracture is a rare clinical entity and is easily missed, leading to significant functional limitations.Case Presentation: A 28-year-old male fell on the outstretched hand and suffered left side both bones forearm ...  Read More

Case Report
14. Three patients with acute appendicitis diagnosis following blunt abdominal trauma

Khosro Ayazi; Parham Nikraftar; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Fatemeh Shojaeian; Shervan Family

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most prevalent surgical emergencies is appendicitis, caused by different factors. However, its relation to trauma has not been well-known yet. Here we have described three cases with blunt abdominal trauma and a secondary diagnosis of appendicitis that were transferred to the operation ...  Read More

Case Report
15. When numbers can be misleading: lithium induced irreversible neurotoxicity at therapeutic drug levels

Jyoti Aggarwal; Zainab Mehdi; Baldeep Kaur; Yuvraj Singh Cheema; Monica Gupta

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Lithium is a principal drug used in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BPD). Due to its narrow therapeutic index, serum levels need to be monitored regularly. In elderly patients with renal dysfunction lithium toxicity can develop paradoxically within the therapeutic range. This can lead to ...  Read More

Case Report
16. An acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction which went viral

Chui King Wong; Glen Chiang Hong Tan; Mohd Johar Jaafar

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: ST-elevations in electrocardiogram (ECG) secondary to an acute myocarditis may mimic ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). It is vital to distinguish between the two entities to avoid inappropriate clinical management and complications.Case Presentation: A previously well 19-year-old ...  Read More

Case Report
17. Base of skull fracture leading to pneumomediastinum and pneumo-retroperitoneum: a case report with review of literature

Garima Sharma; Sanya Vermani; Anjum Syed

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: The presence of air within the mediastinal compartment and retro-peritoneal compartment, in the setting of trauma, can be because of visceral and skeletal injuries. However, in absence of a local site injury, an approach based on anatomical communication between various body compartments should ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
1. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

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