Aims and Scope

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma is an Open Access free of charge and double blind peer-reviewed journal which provides an international forum for communication among health professionals with clinical, academic, and research interests in emergency practice. The journal gives particular emphasis to papers that integrate the findings of academic research into realities of clinical practice in the following areas:
Clinical Toxicology, Environmental Emergencies, Resuscitation, Anesthesiology, Emergency Ultrasonography, Disaster Medicine, Traumatology, Trauma Surgery, Critical Care, Internal Medicine, Cardiac Emergencies, Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Behavioral Emergencies, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Nursing and any other research related to emergency practice.

JEPT adheres to ICMJE and follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.


We are pleased to announce that Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma (ISSN: 2383-4544) has been accepted for inclusion in Scopus by Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB).

The CSAB has advised that the title is accepted for inclusion in Scopus.



The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma was approved at the 115th session of the National Medical Journals Commission of Iran on 14/Feb/2016 as a scientific-research journal.


Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Cellulitis: when to say its treatment failure

Sadaf Sheikh

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 1-1

  Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics as routine management and based on the literature the cellulitis hospitalization can be avoided by 11% if appropriate antibiotics are used.1 Randomized clinical trials and Cochrane reviews have suggested that oral antibiotics are non-inferior to intravenous administration ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Critical Care
Late presentation of isolated caecal perforation following blunt abdominal trauma: The utility of point-of-care ultrasound

Balaji RajaRam; Sayan Nath; Supreet Kaur; Dinesh Bagaria; Rajeshwari Subramaniam; Vimi Rewari

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 2-3

  Colonic injuries after blunt trauma abdomen are a rare entity which may sometimes have a delayed presentation. In the intensive care unit (ICU), various interventions like sedation, analgesia and paralysis may confoundclinical examination findings pertaining to abdominal pathology. Computed tomography ...  Read More

Review Article Emergency medicine
The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 4-8

  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Adherence to guideline in hydrating traumatic patients with crystalloid fluids: A single center experience from Southern Iran

Shahram Paydar; Armin Akbarzadeh; Ladan Nasermoadeli; Vahid Mohammadkarimi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 9-12

  Objective: The adherence of the physicians to guidelines in resuscitation of the patientsis of great importance since it can predict the outcome. To evaluate the adherence of thephysicians of our center in hydration of traumatic patients with crystalloids regarding theAdvanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Comparing the effectiveness of oral versus intravenous antibiotics in the prophylaxis of wound infection in hand laceration

Mehdi Momeni; Elnaz Vahidi; Neda Karimi Tafti; Zeinab Naderpour; Javad Seyedhosseini; Morteza Saeedi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 13-18

  Objective: Hand lacerations are among the most frequent causes of visiting emergencydepartments (EDs). Wound infection is one of its complications. There is still an ongoingdisagreement on the administration of oral versus intravenous (IV) antibiotics (ABs). Theobjective of this study is to compare the ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Prognostic value of intensive care scores concerning the prediction of 30-day mortality in COVID-19

Navid Kalani; Masoud Tavasolian; Khaterh Dehghani; Seyed Reza Mousavi; Erfan Ghanbarzadeh; Masihallah Shakeri; Elahe Rahmanian; Poorya Aryanpoor; Naser Hatami; Zhila Rahmanian; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 19-24

  Objective: The goal of our study was to determine the prognostic value of CURB-65,Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), pneumonia severity index (PSI), MuLBSTA,and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II upon admission inpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19, as well ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Effects of perioperative use of two doses of magnesium sulfate infusion on intraoperative blood loss in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery

Zahra Rahim; Mehrdad MasoudifarI; Behzad Nazemroaya; Mehrdad Norouzi; Amirali Mousavi I

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 25-31

  Objective: In general, spinal fusion surgery causes heavy bleeding. The purpose of thisstudy was to evaluate the use of two different doses of magnesium sulfate to control thebleeding in lumbar fusion surgery.Methods: This study was carried out as a randomized double-blinded clinical trial in 2020in ...  Read More

Original Article Cardiology
Relationship between cardiac ultrasound findings during cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the outcome of patients

Javad Seyedhosseini; Rasha Ahmadi; Ehsan Karimialavijeh; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 32-37

  Objective: Cardiopulmonary arrest is a devastating outcome of some clinical situationsand requires strict implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) protocols.Since ultrasound is one of the recommended tools to determine the presence of cardiacmovements and may be a predictor of the outcome, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Post-traumatic growth and perceived social support in young adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Khadigesadat Kazemi; Hooman Esfahani; Hadis Amiri; Asghar Tavan; Hojjat Farahmandnia

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 38-43

  Objectives: Pandemics would certainly have a negative impact on mental health. Positivemodifications as well as negative alterations have been documented in earlier viralpandemic according to previous investigations. Teenagers face a variety of challengesduring adolescence. Adolescents may become more ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Using Weibull model of survival analysis workflow and its relevant factors: A prospective cohort study

Mohammad Nikzadian; Sima Hashemi; Reza Beiranvand; Maryam Khormehr

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 44-51

  Objective: One of the most important indicators used in the evaluation of emergency centers is the chronometric analysis of patients’ workflow. The aim of this study was to provide a chronometric analysis of patients’ workflow (patients’ waiting time in the emergency department) and ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Lag screw principle to fix unstable sagittal fracture of infraorbital rim: A technical note

Smita Bhat; Amal Suresh; Apeksha Inamdar; Anil Kumar Desai; Gopal Krishnan

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 52-53

  Objective: Fractures of orbital rims are common and restoration of these fractures back toits normal anatomic form is essential to maintain the function and aesthetics of the eyes.Low profile miniplates are the rigid fixation device of choice for such fractures. But in caseof sagittal and grossly displaced ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Periorbital emphysema and pneumomediastinum following blunt orbital fracture: A case report and review of the literature

Abdolghader Pakniyat; Farzane Jafari; Rojin Ramezani; Mohammad Ghasemi-rad

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 54-57

  Objective: Orbital emphysema, defined as the presence of air in orbital and periorbital tissues, is a relatively uncommon clinical condition which occurs mostly following facial trauma. It can not only resolve spontaneously without any treatment, but it can also cause life threatening complications such ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Purtscher’s retinopathy following trauma: A case report

Seyed Ahmad Rasoulinejad

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 58-59

  Objective: Purtscher’s retinopathy is the retinal damage following trauma or non-traumatic systemic disease, which may contain cotton-wool spots (CWSs), and may cause Purtscher flecken, atrophy of the optic nerve, and hemorrhage of the posterior pole of the eye.Case Presentation: A 28-year-old ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Minimal invasive management of proximal small bowel bleeding: A case report and reviewing the evidences

Mohammad Rezazadehkermani; Seyed Vahid Hosseini

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 60-63

  Objective: Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the surgical emergencies that is routinelyvisited in emergency departments. Although most of these patients are managed withendoscopic modalities, some of them are managed with surgical interventions. Most ofemergency surgical interventions are done via ...  Read More

Case Report
Vertebra critica in a case of near-hanging

Zahid A Shaikh; Varsha S Shinde; Sambhaji R Shinde; Jaideo M Ughade

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 63-65

  Objective: To demonstrate the significance of fused cervical vertebrae in emergencymedicine practice.Case report: A 35-year-old male was brought to the emergency department (ED) whoattempted suicide by hanging and was later found to have congenital fusion of cervicalvertebra C2 and C3, a condition referred ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
The importance of considering rhabdomyolysis as the underlying cause of myalgia in patients with COVID-19: A case report

Zahra Rezaie; Shima Heidari; Ahmad Salimzadeh; Fatemeh Sadat Pirooz; Farhad Najmeddin

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 66-71

  Objective: Since the identification and spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) in December 2019, respiratory presentations have been introduced as themain symptoms of this new type of viral disease; however, the extra-pulmonary featuresare raising awareness for researchers due to the ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Rhabdomyolysis following electrical injury without acute kidney injury

Alper Alp; Burcu Arslan; Dilek Gibyeli Genek; Bülent Huddam

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 72-75

  Objective: Rhabdomyolysis is an important etiology for developing acute kidney injury(AKI). Among the many varying reasons for rhabdomyolysis, electrical injury seems to bea lesser-known factor. The clinical presentation of rhabdomyolysis is usually in the formof severe and widespread pain, tenderness, ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
New acoustic window for assessing the inferior vena cava collapsibility in humans in the prone position

Anton Kasatkin; Aleksandr Urakov; Alekse Shchegolev; Vadim Matreshkin; Ivan Zlobin

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 76-78

  Objective: Ultrasound assessment of inferior vena cava (IVC) collapsibility is performed todetermine the volume status of critically ill patients. We propose a new acoustic windowfor visualizing a vein in a prone patient.Case Presentation: A healthy volunteer took part in the study. The study protocol ...  Read More

Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 35-38

  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 1-2

  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Using risk factors to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with non-diagnostic electrocardiogram changes in emergency department

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Parvin Kashani; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Hamid Kariman; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 3-6

  Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of cardiac risk factors and the risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Emergency Department (ED) patients with non-diagnostic ECG changes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital during a period ...  Read More

emergency nursing
Factors influencing decisions on organ donation in brain death patients

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijari; Mahla Salajegheh; Ali Akbar Haghdoost; Habibolah Rezaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 60-66

  Organ donation is an integral part of the health care system. Many patients who have had an accident or have undergone a progressive disease are in need of an organ transplant and if they do not receive the required organ they would die. It is important to know that the most important source of organ ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Evaluation of suicide attempts with drug poisoning in North-West of Iran

Samad Shams Vahdati; Narges Moradi; Jamil Hemat Ghadim; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 1-2

  Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) or drug induced suicide is the most common method of suicide in the developed countries and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (1-3). Factors associated with DSP include economic and social factors, culture, religion, and health (4-6). Other symptoms ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Spontaneous uterine artery rupture in a non-pregnant woman: A case report

Jessica Ann Nathan; Valerie Chew Sze Yen; Nur Fazlin Ab Manan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 14 February 2023

  Objective: Spontaneous uterine artery rupture in a non-pregnant woman is an extremelyuncommon event. To date, there have only been a few cases. Patients often present withacute abdomen and are hemodynamically unstable.Case Presentation: A 42-year-old female presented with multiple episodes of syncopalattack ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Penetrating maxillofacial injury: A case report

Mamatha Nanjappa Siddalingappa; Anjan Kumar Shah; Susheen Dutt; Narahari Ranganath

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 19 February 2023

  Objective: Penetrating injuries in the maxillofacial region pose a great challenge due tothe anatomical complexity inherent to the area compounded with vital functions suchas vision and airway. This paper highlights the importance of meticulous preoperativeplanning and a concerted effort of a multidisciplinary ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Surgery

Mirko Barone; Massimo Ippoliti; Felice Mucilli

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

  Intra-abdominal infections still represent a challengefor surgeons. The systemic physiopathological effects ofinfection rapidly progress, leading to sepsis and multiorganfailure, whose prognosis is often dramatic. Mortality riskstratification using scoring systems would unequivocallyaid the early identification ...  Read More

Case Report Cardiology
Metastatic liver mass with heart failure presentation: A Case Report

asghar mohamadi; Maryam Aliramezany; nazanin davari; elham sepahvand

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

  Objective: Dyspnea is a common symptom of heart disease that can also be related to otherdisorders, such as liver disease. In this case report, we aim to describe a rare case of metastatic livermass that presented with heart failure.Case Presentation: A 50-year-old woman without a past medical history ...  Read More

Original Article Critical Care
Comparison of diagnostic value of ultrasound with chest CT Scan in patients with unspecified pulmonary pneumonia in the emergency department

Mahshid Dehghan; Moloud Balafar; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Mahnaz Ranjkesh; Ali Delkhorrami; Samad Shams Vahdati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

  Objective: According to the most recent guidelines, the recommended imaging approaches forthe diagnosis of pneumonia are chest X-ray (CXR) and computed tomography (CT) scan. However,there are limitations to these approaches. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has attracted a lot of attentionin intensive care units ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
Determining hematological indices in patients admitted to the poisoning referral center: a 10 year cross sectional study

mohammad naghizadeh; Nastaran Eizadi-mood; laaya mokhtar; shiva samsamshariat; Gholamali dorooshi; arman otroshi; Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

    Introduction: Poisoning is one of the most common methods of suicide in developing countries. We assessed the frequency of impaired hematological indices in patients with acute poisoning. Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional retrospective. Using the census sampling method, all patients ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
spontaneous pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and pneumorrhachis in a case of paraquat ingestion: a report.

Zainab mehdi; Daljinderjit Kaur; Parv kamra; Narinder kaur; Nidhi arora

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

  Objective: Dependency on agriculture and the unregulated sale of paraquat makes it an easyalternative for homicidal and suicidal use in developing nations. It kills by multiorgan failure,predominantly pulmonary fibrosis, and ARDS. We report a case of alleged paraquat ingestionwith spontaneous pneumothorax, ...  Read More

Case Report Pediatrics
Where is the diagnostic key? Sudden weakness in a 4-year-old child. A case report

Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Nafiseh Pourbadakhshan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2024

  Objective: Snake bites represent a significant public health issue worldwide, as venomous snake bites can result in dangerous and sometimes lethal consequences. Sometimes, the diagnosis is difficult. Herein, we present the case of a 4-year-old child who posed a challenge to diagnosis.  Case presentation: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 7-12

  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

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