Aims and Scope

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma is an Open Access free of charge and double blind peer-reviewed journal which provides an international forum for communication among health professionals with clinical, academic, and research interests in emergency practice. The journal gives particular emphasis to papers that integrate the findings of academic research into realities of clinical practice in the following areas:
Clinical Toxicology, Environmental Emergencies, Resuscitation, Anesthesiology, Emergency Ultrasonography, Disaster Medicine, Traumatology, Trauma Surgery, Critical Care, Internal Medicine, Cardiac Emergencies, Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Behavioral Emergencies, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Nursing and any other research related to emergency practice.

JEPT adheres to ICMJE and follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.

 

We are pleased to announce that Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma (ISSN: 2383-4544) has been accepted for inclusion in Scopus by Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB).

The CSAB has advised that the title is accepted for inclusion in Scopus.

 

APPROVAL OF SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCH RANKING

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma was approved at the 115th session of the National Medical Journals Commission of Iran on 14/Feb/2016 as a scientific-research journal.

 

Letter to Editor Clinical Toxicology
1. A brief review of some strange and unusual poisoning in children

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Bita Dadpour

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 1-3

Abstract
  The Clinical Toxicology Center in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad is the referral center of poisonings in the East of Iran and many cases of poisoned children are referred to this center and some cases are admitted.In this letter we report some specific, strange and unusual poisonings in children admitted ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Infectious disease
2. A guideline for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients

Saeed Safari; Mahmoud Yousefifard

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 4-6

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first emerged from Wuhan, China, in late 2019, and has since been spreading progressively all around the world. Its prevalence is climbing increasingly and almost all countries worldwide are confronting this pandemic. As of April 11, 2020, reports obtained ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Audit of pediatric trauma in a secondary care urban public hospital

Harshit Shah; Bhavin P Vadodariya; Vibhuti Jaju; Sanjay Nagral; Nitin Borle; Manoj Jain

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 7-11

Abstract
  Objective: To study the demographic profile and outcomes of pediatric trauma victims.Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at a secondary care centre in urban India over 15 months. Permission from the local ethics body was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Children under ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
4. The success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance: A clinical trial study for pain management in emergency departments

Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian; Samaneh Khajeh Nasiri; Vahid Eslami; Saeideh Anavri Ardakani; Sayyed Reza Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 12-16

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance for pain management in emergency departments. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 individuals who needed posterior tibial nerve block ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasonography and radiography for calcaneal fractures in the emergency department

Majid Zamani; Maliheh Mazaheri; Farhad Heydari; Babak Masoumi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 17-21

Abstract
  Objective: Ultrasonography (US) is not the method of choice for the diagnosis of calcaneal fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US with plain radiography in the diagnosis of calcaneus fractures following blunt ankle and foot trauma. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. The impact of the coordinating nurse role on patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a semi-experimental study

Mojtaba Samimi; Arash Safaie; Mehran Sotoodehnia; Fatemeh Rasooli; Atefeh Abdollahi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 22-27

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the role of an emergency nurse coordinator (ENC) in improving patient satisfaction at the emergency department (ED) in Tehran, Iran.Methods: This was an interventional study in the field of ED management. This study was undertaken in the ED of Sina hospital ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. Comparison of Lichtenstein repair and new mesh implant technique in the treatment of indirect inguinal hernia

Siamak Mousazadeh; Iraj Feizi; Khatereh Isazadeh

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 28-31

Abstract
  Objective: Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence and postoperative complications between a new mesh implant technique in the floor of the inguinal canal with limited tissue repair on it and Liechtenstein ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
8. Investigation of autopsy results in cadavers with lead poisoning in Tehran Legal Medicine Center over 10 years

Fares Najari; Seyed Mojtaba Abolbagaei; Babak Mostafazadeh; Dorsa Najari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 32-35

Abstract
  Objective: Due to the rapid pace of industrialization and the high prevalence of addiction, toxicity caused by heavy metals, especially lead, has become one of the major health problems associated with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reliable information is critical to manage this condition. ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
9. Awareness of COVID-19 among patient attendants coming to the emergency department in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad Metropolitan region: A questionnaire-based survey

Mulla Mahammad Rafi; Mohammed Ismai Nizami; Uppaluri Sarath Chandra; Ashima Sharma; Gaddam Dharani Reddy; Lubna Tarannum

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 36-40

Abstract
  Objective: COVID-19 has become a major public health concern in recent times with detrimental effects on health and economy of the nation exerting unbearable pressure on health care personnel. It is vital for the caretakers and the people accompanying those patients to be aware of the ongoing pandemic ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
10. Assessing readiness for change in the Helmet use: a motivational interview

Fardin Shahbazzadeh; Sajjad Narimani; Shiva Ahmadi; Zahra Anvari; Mehdi Khezeli

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 41-45

Abstract
  Objective:This study aimed to determine the motivation to helmet use among motorcyclists in Ardabil city using the trans-theoretical model (TTM) motivational interview. Methods: Random cluster sampling was used for this study. Five gas stations were selected from the crowded areas of Ardabil city and ...  Read More

Review Article Education
11. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds: a qualitative meta-analysis

Amin Beigzadeh; Nikoo Yamani; Elham Sharifpoor; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy; Peyman Adibi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 46-55

Abstract
  Objective: Literature on the obstacles of clinical rounds is dispersed and has not been well established under a unified systematic investigation. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds, where a variety of skills important for the medical profession, cannot be augmented if barriers related to main ...  Read More

Review Article Disaster
12. Use of telemedicine and e-health in disasters: a systematic review

Simin Salehinejad; Nazanin Jannati; Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 56-62

Abstract
  Objective: Both natural and man-made disasters need near-term and long-term interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality among the affected population. Recently, telemedicine has been effectively used in both man-made and natural disasters and showed its effectiveness in eliminating the adverse consequences ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
13. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
14. A Foodborne botulism Occurrence in Mashhad: Clostridium botulinum in local cheese

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Hamid Reza Kheradmand

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Objective: Clostridium botulinum is one of the most common life-threatening agents all around the world which produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). It may lead to morbidities such as paralysis and mortality after consuming canned tuna fish, local dairy products and home-preserved or commercial food. ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
15. Unilateral cyanosis on tongue as an unusual appearance in emergency department: a case report

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 69-70

Abstract
  Introduction: Unilateral and bilateral tongue cyanosis usually occurs due to the Raynaud syndrome and in the underlying severe types of vasculitis and rheumatology.Case Presentation: The present study was conducted on a 54-year-old woman who referred to the emergency department with complaints of ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
16. Painless aortic dissection with slurred speech (Neurologic symptom)

Esmaeal Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Navid Kalani; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 71-73

Abstract
  Objective: Aortic dissection is an uncommon disorder with a high mortality rate, especially if misdiagnosis and mistreatment are not considered. Case Presentation: We present a 67-year old female with slurred speech and left sided plegia during her brother’s funeral. The patient did not have ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
17. Medical system error causing methotrexate poisoning and delay in diagnosis: report of two cases

Hamidreza Reihani; Maryam Ziadi Lotfabadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 74-76

Abstract
  Objective: We are going to alert the emergency physicians to be aware of drugs side effects. Some drugs like methotrexate are not routine drugs, and the symptoms may be miss diagnosed if not completely notified.Case Presentation: We present two patients under treatment with methotrexate. Both of them ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
18. A woman with a postpartum severe headache

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, Pages 77-79

Abstract
  Objective: Epidural anesthesia is one of the famous, generally safe, and most requestedpain relief measures in labor. Nevertheless, it can have some complications thoughpneumocephalus and subdural effusion are very rare complications.Case Presentation: A 32-year-old woman presented with a severe persistent ...  Read More

Cardiology
1. Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 35-38

Abstract
  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

Ethics
2. A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

emergency nursing
3. Factors influencing decisions on organ donation in brain death patients

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijari; Mahla Salajegheh; Ali Akbar Haghdoost; Habibolah Rezaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 60-66

Abstract
  Organ donation is an integral part of the health care system. Many patients who have had an accident or have undergone a progressive disease are in need of an organ transplant and if they do not receive the required organ they would die. It is important to know that the most important source of organ ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
4. Using risk factors to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with non-diagnostic electrocardiogram changes in emergency department

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Parvin Kashani; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Hamid Kariman; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of cardiac risk factors and the risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Emergency Department (ED) patients with non-diagnostic ECG changes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital during a period ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
5. Evaluation of suicide attempts with drug poisoning in North-West of Iran

Samad Shams Vahdati; Narges Moradi; Jamil Hemat Ghadim; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) or drug induced suicide is the most common method of suicide in the developed countries and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (1-3). Factors associated with DSP include economic and social factors, culture, religion, and health (4-6). Other symptoms ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
1. Interleukin-6 blockade and cytokine release syndrome in coronavirus disease of 2019: Is that a lot? Thoughts from the emergency department

Sadaf Sheikh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 05 June 2021

Abstract
  Interleukin-6 is pro-inflammatory cytokine which plays a role in cytokine storm and brought into notice with corona virus disease of 2019. Lymphopenia and dysregulated immune response were seen in the critically ill patients of corona virus disease of 2019. IL-6 inhibitors were proposed as a treatment ...  Read More

Review Article Clinical Toxicology
2. Ranking the acute poisoning etiologies in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Saeedeh Derhami; Ehsan Bolvardi; Reza Akhavan; Mahdi Foroughian; Behzad Shahi; Arman Hakemi; Zhila Rahmanian; Samaneh Abiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 22 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Acute poisoning is a major health problem and one of the most common causes of emergency visits worldwide. Since most poisoning subjects present with a decreased level of consciousness and due to unreliable disease history, recognizing the etiological cause of the poisoning represents a critical ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
3. Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
4. Diagnostic relevance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in early detection of acute kidney injury

Madhusudhan Mahadevaiah; Murali Mohan Nidasale Thimmaiah; Venu Sashank Yerramsetty; Jeevan Kumar; Ranjith Kumar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the predictive and diagnostic accuracy of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in acute kidney injury (AKI) and also to predict the renal replacement therapy (RRT) using NGAL as a marker.Methods: This prospective study was conducted among the patients admitted to intensive ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
5. Delirium treatment in intoxicated patients in ICU: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial

Javad Mesbahi; Shahin Shadnia; Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam; Nasim Zamani; Peyman Erfan Talab Evini; Delara Hazegh Fetratjoo; Alireza Kargar; Mitra Rahimi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 21 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Delirium is one of the most common complications in patients admittedto intensive care units (ICUs). Delirium is a definite cause for more extended hospitalstays, higher mortality rates, and possibly persistent cognitive decline in the future.Antipsychotics have been frequently evaluated as ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. The effect of a short ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting

Anita Sabzghabaei; Fariba Farahi; Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni; Hamidreza Hatamabadi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 March 2021

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting.Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, ...  Read More

Original Article Education
8. The effect of teacher-made simulation moulage on learning cricothyrotomy skills in emergency medicine physicians

Hamid Reza Moretza Bagi; Amir Ghaffarzad; Peyman Fathipour; Reza Yazdani; Zhila Khamnian; Sama Rahnemayan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, simulation of clinical environment in medical education system (simulation-based learning) has led to a huge revolution in the quality of education and has increased the safety of educators and patients. In this study, we investigated the effect of teacher-made neck and lung simulators ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
9. Assessing the effectiveness of ketorolac in pain management of traumatic injuries in prehospital emergency care services

Seyyed Meysam Amini; Mehriyar Yoldashkhan; Sima Zohari; Malihe Nasiri; Zahra Mousavi; Seyed Mohammad Amini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pain is usually one of the most common symptoms among all traumatic injuries. One of the drugs that has recently entered the Iranian prehospital emergency system is ketorolac. Ketorolac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
10. Clinical competencies of emergency medical services paramedics in responding to emergency conditions using Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in Guilan

Arash Amirrafiei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Fatemeh Haghshenas-Bakerdar; Ehsan Kazemnejad-Leili; Payman Asadi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 May 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Evaluating the abilities of emergency medical services (EMS) staff who are in the frontline of the diseases could be an excellent reflection of the accuracy of curriculum both before and after graduation. This study was done to determine the clinical competencies of Guilan EMS staff in responding ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
11. Exploring nurses’ knowledge of basic life support guideline of American Heart Association: a local study

Payman Asadi; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Vahid Monsef-Kasmaei1

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 May 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Awareness of the changes concerning the clinical guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for nurses. This study aimed at assessing the nurses’ knowledge of the 2015 American Heart Association basic life support guideline algorithm. Methods: In a cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
12. Emergency laparotomy at district hospitals in a developing nation: a review of indications and outcomes of treatment

Aloysius Ugwu-Olisa Ogbuanya; Nonyelum Benedett Ugwu

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 01 June 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Recently, emergency and essential surgical and anesthesia care at district hospitals is increasingly gaining recognition as a critical, though neglected element of health care system in Africa and other developing nations. Emergency laparotomy is a versatile procedure that can cure a great ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
13. An overview of the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in the south of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; sarina sahmeddini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 June 2021

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma.Methods: This is a cross sectional study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated in the referral trauma center of south of Iran. Data of 264 patients were extracted from patients’ records ...  Read More

Brief Report Infectious disease
14. The proposed scoring system for hospitalization or discharge of patients with COVID-19

Enayatollah Noori; Mostafa Vahedian; Sajjad Rezvan; Neda Minaei; Reihane Tabaraii

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 January 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the triage ofpatients diagnosed with corona virus has been a very important issue. The aim of thisstudy was to introduce a triage scoring system according to the clinical and para-clinicalfindings of patients in order to be admitted ...  Read More

Perspective Emergency medicine
15. How to deal with the mental health consequences of global health emergencies? A nutshell of telemental health services and its requirements
Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 May 2021

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis of our time. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
16. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 March 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
17. Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
18. Oral ingestion of lidocaine for suicide: A case report

Maryam Adimolmasali; Ali Teimouri; Hamid Reza Mokhtar; Mahdi Foroughian; Parvin Zohoorian Sadr; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 October 2020

Abstract
  Systemic toxemia with topical anesthetics could be fatal due to the use of anesthetics in various ways (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). Nowadays, topical anesthetics are used in inpatient and outpatient treatments. Despite its widespread usage, many physicians are not fully aware ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
19. Penetrating trans-abdominal bamboo stick injury: An unusual case report

Lalit Kumar Bansal; Raja Bhanukiran; Poras Chaudhary; Arun Kumar Gupta

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 30 January 2021

Abstract
  Objective: objectives: Penetrating abdominal trauma secondary to bamboo stick injury is a rare entity in the developed world. Most of such kind of trans abdominal penetrating bamboo stick injury is associated with multiple solid and hollow viscus injuries. In developing countries like India, where nearly ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
20. Pseudo-SAH in a patient with methanol poisoning

Elham Pishbin; Hamidreza Reihani; Bahram Zarmehri; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 11 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Methanol poisoning is a dangerous life-threatening event, manifested withvarious symptoms, sometimes very rare ones, that all should be addressed to preventmisdiagnosis of the methanol-poisoned patients.Case Presentation: A 21-year-old young man was brought to the emergency department(ED) ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
21. Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
22. Midwakh (pipe) and seizure: The overlooked link
Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 May 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Numerous drugs and medications from various pharmacological classes can lead to seizures as an unwanted side effect. Midwakh is a pipe commonly used to smoke tobacco blend in small quantities. Midwakh use is increasing, especially among young people. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old patient ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
23. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to COVID-19

Maythem Abdulhassan Al Kaisy

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 01 June 2021

Abstract
  Objective: During the late 2019, a group of patients had unexplained chest infections in Wuhan which turned out to be the new pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). New neurological symptoms have been reported in COVID-19 patients. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a new neurological ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
24. How much can a small bursa stretch? A curious case of massive superficial infrapatellar bursitis in the emergency departme

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 01 June 2021

Abstract
  Introduction: Inflammation of the infrapatellar bursa results from various causes like trauma, infection and overuse. Superficial skin or soft tissue infection can also lead to occasional septic bursitis. Infrapatellar bursa has two parts, superficial and deep bursae. Superficial bursa inflammation reactive ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
1. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

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