Aims and Scope

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma is an Open Access free of charge and double blind peer-reviewed journal which provides an international forum for communication among health professionals with clinical, academic, and research interests in emergency practice. The journal gives particular emphasis to papers that integrate the findings of academic research into realities of clinical practice in the following areas:
Clinical Toxicology, Environmental Emergencies, Resuscitation, Anesthesiology, Emergency Ultrasonography, Disaster Medicine, Traumatology, Trauma Surgery, Critical Care, Internal Medicine, Cardiac Emergencies, Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Behavioral Emergencies, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Nursing and any other research related to emergency practice.

JEPT adheres to ICMJE and follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.


We are pleased to announce that Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma (ISSN: 2383-4544) has been accepted for inclusion in Scopus by Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB).

The CSAB has advised that the title is accepted for inclusion in Scopus.



The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma was approved at the 115th session of the National Medical Journals Commission of Iran on 14/Feb/2016 as a scientific-research journal.


Editorial Infectious disease
Clubfoot management during COVID-19 times: An Indian scenario

Akash Singhal; Anil Kapoor

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 86-87

  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been universal and swift inits spread. As orthopaedic surgeons, for the most of us this timeframe has reduced ouractivity to emergency and trauma cases only, with virtual outpatient clinics and no electivesurgeries. With some of the common deformity ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Sudden calf swelling and pseudo-thrombophlebitis in rheumatoid arthritis: an uncommon emergency spot diagnosis

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 88-89

  A 52-year-old male presented with atraumatic left side calf swelling for the last three months. The swelling had acute onset and increased gradually in size. He had a history of rheumatoid arthritis with treatment options limited to physiotherapy sessions and pain medication as he could not continue ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 90-94

  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 95-98

  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological research

Mohammad Mohammadi; Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad; Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi; Maryam Shivanpour

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 99-103

  Objective: Pre-hospital emergency staff are involved in the front line of care for COVID-19 patients and face many challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: This qualitative research was conducted with a descriptive ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Utility of type and screen policy for pretransfusion compatibility testing at an urban level Ι apex trauma center

Rahul Chaurasia; Naveen Akhtar; Subramanian Arulselvi; Vedanand Arya; Sulekha Karjee

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 104-109

  Objective: Type and crossmatch (TC) policy is the most common approach for pretransfusion compatibility testing prior to issue of blood for transfusion. As it involvesreserving of the blood units (usually up to 72 hours) prior to issue or un-reserving, it can leadto excessive blood cross matching, inventory ...  Read More

Original Article Cardiology
The role of ProBNP in differentiation of cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope: A diagnostic accuracy study

Afshin Amini; Maryam Ahmadi Chegeni; Zahra Soltanzadeh Khasraghi; Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob; Sina Shool; Amir Ghabousian; Rozita Khatamian Oskooi; Saeed Safari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 110-114

  Objective: The significance of diagnosing the root reason for syncope and taking therequired preventive or treatment measures cannot be overlooked when it comes tooutcome prediction. This study endeavors to examine the role of proBNP in differentiatingcardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope in patients ...  Read More

Original Article Infectious disease
Risk factors, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19

Abbas Edalatkhah; Fateme Samadi Khorshidi; Hamidreza Mohammadi; Razieh Hassannejad; Faezeh Jafari; Mohammad Lame; Amirhossein Zarepur; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 115-121

  Objective: An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurred in late 2019. A better understanding of this disease will help us in preventing and managing it. This study evaluated the risk factors and clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients admitted to Shahid Sadoughi hospital in ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
The influence of cold versus room temperature charcoal on reducing nausea of poisoned patients: A randomized clinical trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Bita Dadpoor; Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Veda Vakili; Elahe Barati; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 122-127

  Objective: Intoxication is among the most common causes of emergency department (ED) visits. Activated charcoal is one of the useful treatments preventing poison absorption. However, nausea caused by using charcoal has made this substance less acceptable among patients. This study aims at investigating ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
A new method to predict the in-hospital outcome of multi-trauma patients: R-GAP

Pegah Sepehri Majd; Amirhossein Alimohammadi Siyabani; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 128-133

  Objective: Awareness of the severity of trauma and the outcome of patients can help physicians decide how long to treat patients. The objective of this study is to design a new score (R-GAP: Revised-GCS, Age, Pressure) for multi-trauma patients and determine its predictive value concerning in-hospital ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Aprospective risk stratification and validation of HEART,GRACE andTIMIscoresfor chestpainpatients presenting to the emergency department

Madhushri Vadhone Dinesh; Aruna Chala Ramesh; Keshava Murthy M Rangaswamy; Hariprasad Kanakapura Veerendranath

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 134-140

  Objective: Chest pain is amongst the most frequently occurring symptoms in patientspresenting to the emergency department (ED). Accurate and fast risk stratification isparamountforidentification of patients with immediate risk of acute coronary syndrome(ACS). The present study has compared different ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 141-144

  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Three patients with acute appendicitis diagnosis following blunt abdominal trauma

Khosro Ayazi; Parham Nikraftar; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Fatemeh Shojaeian; Shervan Family

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 145-147

  Objective: One of the most prevalent surgical emergencies is appendicitis, caused by different factors. However, its relation to trauma has not been well-known yet. Here we have described three cases with blunt abdominal trauma and a secondary diagnosis of appendicitis that were transferred to the operation ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in COVID -19 patients: ICU course of four cases and review of literature

Ovais Nazir; Rana Pratap Singh; Amit Kumar

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 148-151

  Objective: Since April 2021, there has been significant increase in number of COVID-19 cases in India. As the caseload increased, so did the complications like pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema (SE).Case Presentation: We present clinical course of 4 patients as case series of COVID-19 ...  Read More

Case Report Cardiology
Case report of unusual presentation of COVID-19 in a patient with pulmonary hypertension

Mansoor Moazenzadeh; Maryam Aliramezany

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 152-155

  Objective: COVID-19 has now become a worldwide health problem with many new cases diagnosed every day. people with underlying heart diseases are more likely to get infected and have poor prognosis. Of them, adult patients with congenital heart disease need special attention due to their different symptoms ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
Seizure after a massive infusion of N-acetylcysteine and successful treatment with a good outcome

Khadijeh Saravani; Pantea Ramezannezhad; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini; Mohammadmahdi Akbari; Tayebeh Shahraki

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 156-158

  Objective: N-acetylcysteine is frequently used as an efficacious antidote for acetaminophen toxicity. It prevents liver injury induced by paracetamol and in most cases the overdose of acetylcysteine produces mild clinical effects.Case Presentation: Here we describe a patient who self-treated himself ...  Read More

Case Report Critical Care
Renal infarction mimicking cholecystitis: a case report of a patient presenting with stroke

Sadaf Sheikh; Umair Javed

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 159-161

  Objective: Renal infarction which is a rare phenomenon can be missed on the patient’s work up making its incidence low.Case Presentation: We report a 68-year-old lady with known history of hypertension presented with epigastric pain and vomiting for 4 days. During her stay in the emergency room, ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
Platyceps karelini a nonvenomous snake (Ophidia: Colubridae) from Kashan county (Isfahan–Iran)

Rouhullah Dehghani; Nasrullah Rastegar Pouyani; Shahrad Tajaddini; Masoomeh Varzandeh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 162-165

  Objective: Snakes are among the predators of any ecosystem and have been seen in different parts of Iran. The report on their distribution in Isfahan province was taken into consideration because of the importance of regional knowledge of these animals.Case report: During this survey, a sample of snakes ...  Read More

Case Report Internal Medicine
A 10-year-old girl with red eyes and hypothyroidism

Zahra Ataee; Saeed Shokoohi-rad; Saman Soleimanpour

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 166-169

  Objective: Hypothyroidism has many causes and manifestations in children. One of the causes is autoimmunity, which is known as autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto thyroiditis. Pseudotumor cerebri is a rare manifestation of Hashimoto thyroiditis. Here we report a 10-year-old girl with asymptomatic papillary ...  Read More

Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 35-38

  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 1-2

  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Using risk factors to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with non-diagnostic electrocardiogram changes in emergency department

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Parvin Kashani; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Hamid Kariman; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 3-6

  Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of cardiac risk factors and the risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Emergency Department (ED) patients with non-diagnostic ECG changes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital during a period ...  Read More

emergency nursing
Factors influencing decisions on organ donation in brain death patients

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijari; Mahla Salajegheh; Ali Akbar Haghdoost; Habibolah Rezaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 60-66

  Organ donation is an integral part of the health care system. Many patients who have had an accident or have undergone a progressive disease are in need of an organ transplant and if they do not receive the required organ they would die. It is important to know that the most important source of organ ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Evaluation of suicide attempts with drug poisoning in North-West of Iran

Samad Shams Vahdati; Narges Moradi; Jamil Hemat Ghadim; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 1-2

  Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) or drug induced suicide is the most common method of suicide in the developed countries and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (1-3). Factors associated with DSP include economic and social factors, culture, religion, and health (4-6). Other symptoms ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Cellulitis: when to say its treatment failure

Sadaf Sheikh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 April 2022

  Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics as routine management and based on the literature the cellulitis hospitalization can be avoided by 11% if appropriate antibiotics are used.1 Randomized clinical trials and Cochrane reviews have suggested that oral antibiotics are non-inferior to intravenous administration ...  Read More

Review Article Emergency medicine
The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Purtscher’s retinopathy following trauma: A case report

Seyed Ahmad Rasoulinejad

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 02 June 2022

  Objective: Purtscher’s retinopathy is the retinal damage following trauma or non-traumatic systemic disease, which may contain cotton-wool spots (CWSs), and may cause Purtscher flecken, atrophy of the optic nerve, and hemorrhage of the posterior pole of the eye.Case Presentation: A 28-year-old ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 7-12

  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Keywords Cloud