Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Cellulitis: when to say its treatment failure

Sadaf Sheikh

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 1-1

  Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics as routine management and based on the literature the cellulitis hospitalization can be avoided by 11% if appropriate antibiotics are used.1 Randomized clinical trials and Cochrane reviews have suggested that oral antibiotics are non-inferior to intravenous administration ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Critical Care
Late presentation of isolated caecal perforation following blunt abdominal trauma: The utility of point-of-care ultrasound

Balaji RajaRam; Sayan Nath; Supreet Kaur; Dinesh Bagaria; Rajeshwari Subramaniam; Vimi Rewari

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 2-3

  Colonic injuries after blunt trauma abdomen are a rare entity which may sometimes have a delayed presentation. In the intensive care unit (ICU), various interventions like sedation, analgesia and paralysis may confoundclinical examination findings pertaining to abdominal pathology. Computed tomography ...  Read More

Review Article Emergency medicine
The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 4-8

  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Adherence to guideline in hydrating traumatic patients with crystalloid fluids: A single center experience from Southern Iran

Shahram Paydar; Armin Akbarzadeh; Ladan Nasermoadeli; Vahid Mohammadkarimi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 9-12

  Objective: The adherence of the physicians to guidelines in resuscitation of the patientsis of great importance since it can predict the outcome. To evaluate the adherence of thephysicians of our center in hydration of traumatic patients with crystalloids regarding theAdvanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Comparing the effectiveness of oral versus intravenous antibiotics in the prophylaxis of wound infection in hand laceration

Mehdi Momeni; Elnaz Vahidi; Neda Karimi Tafti; Zeinab Naderpour; Javad Seyedhosseini; Morteza Saeedi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 13-18

  Objective: Hand lacerations are among the most frequent causes of visiting emergencydepartments (EDs). Wound infection is one of its complications. There is still an ongoingdisagreement on the administration of oral versus intravenous (IV) antibiotics (ABs). Theobjective of this study is to compare the ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Prognostic value of intensive care scores concerning the prediction of 30-day mortality in COVID-19

Navid Kalani; Masoud Tavasolian; Khaterh Dehghani; Seyed Reza Mousavi; Erfan Ghanbarzadeh; Masihallah Shakeri; Elahe Rahmanian; Poorya Aryanpoor; Naser Hatami; Zhila Rahmanian; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 19-24

  Objective: The goal of our study was to determine the prognostic value of CURB-65,Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), pneumonia severity index (PSI), MuLBSTA,and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II upon admission inpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19, as well ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Effects of perioperative use of two doses of magnesium sulfate infusion on intraoperative blood loss in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery

Zahra Rahim; Mehrdad MasoudifarI; Behzad Nazemroaya; Mehrdad Norouzi; Amirali Mousavi I

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 25-31

  Objective: In general, spinal fusion surgery causes heavy bleeding. The purpose of thisstudy was to evaluate the use of two different doses of magnesium sulfate to control thebleeding in lumbar fusion surgery.Methods: This study was carried out as a randomized double-blinded clinical trial in 2020in ...  Read More

Original Article Cardiology
Relationship between cardiac ultrasound findings during cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the outcome of patients

Javad Seyedhosseini; Rasha Ahmadi; Ehsan Karimialavijeh; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 32-37

  Objective: Cardiopulmonary arrest is a devastating outcome of some clinical situationsand requires strict implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) protocols.Since ultrasound is one of the recommended tools to determine the presence of cardiacmovements and may be a predictor of the outcome, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Post-traumatic growth and perceived social support in young adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Khadigesadat Kazemi; Hooman Esfahani; Hadis Amiri; Asghar Tavan; Hojjat Farahmandnia

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 38-43

  Objectives: Pandemics would certainly have a negative impact on mental health. Positivemodifications as well as negative alterations have been documented in earlier viralpandemic according to previous investigations. Teenagers face a variety of challengesduring adolescence. Adolescents may become more ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Using Weibull model of survival analysis workflow and its relevant factors: A prospective cohort study

Mohammad Nikzadian; Sima Hashemi; Reza Beiranvand; Maryam Khormehr

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 44-51

  Objective: One of the most important indicators used in the evaluation of emergency centers is the chronometric analysis of patients’ workflow. The aim of this study was to provide a chronometric analysis of patients’ workflow (patients’ waiting time in the emergency department) and ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Lag screw principle to fix unstable sagittal fracture of infraorbital rim: A technical note

Smita Bhat; Amal Suresh; Apeksha Inamdar; Anil Kumar Desai; Gopal Krishnan

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 52-53

  Objective: Fractures of orbital rims are common and restoration of these fractures back toits normal anatomic form is essential to maintain the function and aesthetics of the eyes.Low profile miniplates are the rigid fixation device of choice for such fractures. But in caseof sagittal and grossly displaced ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Periorbital emphysema and pneumomediastinum following blunt orbital fracture: A case report and review of the literature

Abdolghader Pakniyat; Farzane Jafari; Rojin Ramezani; Mohammad Ghasemi-rad

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 54-57

  Objective: Orbital emphysema, defined as the presence of air in orbital and periorbital tissues, is a relatively uncommon clinical condition which occurs mostly following facial trauma. It can not only resolve spontaneously without any treatment, but it can also cause life threatening complications such ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Purtscher’s retinopathy following trauma: A case report

Seyed Ahmad Rasoulinejad

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 58-59

  Objective: Purtscher’s retinopathy is the retinal damage following trauma or non-traumatic systemic disease, which may contain cotton-wool spots (CWSs), and may cause Purtscher flecken, atrophy of the optic nerve, and hemorrhage of the posterior pole of the eye.Case Presentation: A 28-year-old ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Minimal invasive management of proximal small bowel bleeding: A case report and reviewing the evidences

Mohammad Rezazadehkermani; Seyed Vahid Hosseini

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 60-63

  Objective: Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the surgical emergencies that is routinelyvisited in emergency departments. Although most of these patients are managed withendoscopic modalities, some of them are managed with surgical interventions. Most ofemergency surgical interventions are done via ...  Read More

Case Report
Vertebra critica in a case of near-hanging

Zahid A Shaikh; Varsha S Shinde; Sambhaji R Shinde; Jaideo M Ughade

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 63-65

  Objective: To demonstrate the significance of fused cervical vertebrae in emergencymedicine practice.Case report: A 35-year-old male was brought to the emergency department (ED) whoattempted suicide by hanging and was later found to have congenital fusion of cervicalvertebra C2 and C3, a condition referred ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
The importance of considering rhabdomyolysis as the underlying cause of myalgia in patients with COVID-19: A case report

Zahra Rezaie; Shima Heidari; Ahmad Salimzadeh; Fatemeh Sadat Pirooz; Farhad Najmeddin

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 66-71

  Objective: Since the identification and spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) in December 2019, respiratory presentations have been introduced as themain symptoms of this new type of viral disease; however, the extra-pulmonary featuresare raising awareness for researchers due to the ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Rhabdomyolysis following electrical injury without acute kidney injury

Alper Alp; Burcu Arslan; Dilek Gibyeli Genek; Bülent Huddam

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 72-75

  Objective: Rhabdomyolysis is an important etiology for developing acute kidney injury(AKI). Among the many varying reasons for rhabdomyolysis, electrical injury seems to bea lesser-known factor. The clinical presentation of rhabdomyolysis is usually in the formof severe and widespread pain, tenderness, ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
New acoustic window for assessing the inferior vena cava collapsibility in humans in the prone position

Anton Kasatkin; Aleksandr Urakov; Alekse Shchegolev; Vadim Matreshkin; Ivan Zlobin

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2023, Pages 76-78

  Objective: Ultrasound assessment of inferior vena cava (IVC) collapsibility is performed todetermine the volume status of critically ill patients. We propose a new acoustic windowfor visualizing a vein in a prone patient.Case Presentation: A healthy volunteer took part in the study. The study protocol ...  Read More