Trauma
1. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 September 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Trauma
2. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 October 2019

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Trauma
3. An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Trauma
4. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Trauma
5. MRI findings in patients with blunt cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports

Hassan Amiri; Mojtaba Chardoli; Maryam Sarvari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Niloufar Ghodrati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 56-60

Abstract
  Objective: This study investigates the possible magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports. These patients have tenderness or an uncomfortable feeling in the traumatized area as well.Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Trauma
6. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Trauma
7. “Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Trauma
8. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Trauma
9. Fatal road traffic accidents in Yazd province, Iran during 2011-2015

Mohammad Hasan Lotfi; Hossein Lashkardoost; Andishe Hamedi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 51-55

Abstract
  Objective: The rate of road traffic accidents in Iran per capita and for the number of vehicles is much higher than the average in the world. The present study was conducted to investigate road traffic accidents in Yazd province during 2011-2015.Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study ...  Read More

Trauma
10. A clinical study investigating the three months prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and its effective factors

Vahid Abbasi; Abolfazl Atalu; Afshan Sharghi; Fatemeh Taghvatalab

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 47-50

Abstract
  Objective: Currently, treating ischemic stroke by intravenous thrombolytic therapy has acceptable results in patients with stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the three months prognosis of patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA).Methods: This cross-sectional prospective ...  Read More

Trauma
11. Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Trauma
12. Compartment syndrome as a result of incorrect treatment

Seyyed Mahdi Mirhamidi; Davood Soroosh; Alireza Abadi; Elahe Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 75-77

Abstract
  Compartment syndrome is a rare vascular disorder and an orthopedic emergency caused by high intramuscular pressure following bone fractures and some other etiologies. It mostly involves extremities, but can affect other parts of the body. The syndrome is diagnosed based on extensively varying signs and ...  Read More

Trauma
13. FAST and abnormal urinalysis: the effective screening tools in pediatric abdominal trauma

Majid Zamani; Farhad Heydari; Mehrdad Esmailian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 14-18

Abstract
  Objective: The present study examines the diagnostic accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography and urinalysis test in children with blunt abdominal trauma, compared with CT scan. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound and urinalysis test with CT scan as a golden standard ...  Read More

Trauma
14. Munchausen syndrome as scorpion biting:a misdiagnosis

Reza Bidaki; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Mohamad Amin Sharifi; Seyed Nader Mostafavi; Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Davarani

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 86-88

Abstract
  Factitious disorder as Munchausen syndrome is a time and money consuming condition that is presented with different signs and symptoms. In emergent situations, it is not a differential diagnosis with high priority, but when it becomes recurrent with atypical symptoms, factitious disorder and malingering ...  Read More

Trauma
15. Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More

Trauma
16. Abdominal trauma in a semi-urban tertiary health institution

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Olusoga Olusola Akute; Amarachuku Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; David Brown Ajibola; Jide Michael Afolayan; Eyitayo Ebenezer Emmanuel

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 67-72

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a global increase in the incidence of abdominal trauma in surgical patients. We conducted this study to evaluate the pattern of abdominal injuries, patient characteristics and the management outcome in our setting.Methods: It was a descriptive (combined retrospective and prospective) ...  Read More

Trauma
17. The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Trauma
18. Open vertical sagittal fracture patella with fracture lateral condyle femur: approach to a rare injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 48-50

Abstract
  Patellar fracture is a relatively uncommon fracture especially the vertical sagittal type. In cases of high energy trauma injury, it is usually associated with fracture of ipsilateral distal femur or proximal tibia. However, the combination of vertical sagittal fracture patella and ipsilateral fracture ...  Read More

Trauma
19. The relationship between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and trauma in adolescents

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar; Saeed Aslanabadi; Nasim Rashedi; Mehrnaz Dadkhah; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Gharehziaaddin

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent and impairing levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Evidence shows that adolescents with ADHD are more exposed to trauma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptom severity ...  Read More

Trauma
20. Lateral condyle fracture with concomitant postero-medial elbow dislocation in a child: a case report

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Simultaneous combination of fracture of the lateral condyle and postero-medial elbow dislocation is a rare event and limited to few reports or case series in the literature. Rarity of the injury also necessitates judicious diagnosis and appropriate management to ensure optimal functional outcome. Various ...  Read More

Trauma
21. Carotid artery thrombosis and cerebral infarction after multiple traumas

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Bahman Naghipour; Sajjad Ahmadi; Seyed Hesam Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 68-70

Abstract
  Carotid artery thrombosis and concomitant brain infarction after blunt trauma are rare conditions. We report a 34-year-old woman with multiple traumas due to pedestrian car accident. At the time of initial visiting, she was somnolent and her Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score was 14. Initial vital signs ...  Read More

Trauma
22. Types of trauma in different seasons in patients referred to Imam Reza Hospital Trauma Center

Samad Shams Vahdati; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Sarvin Dalil; Paria Habibollahi; Behzad Yousefi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 46-48

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is a disease of modern societies and one of the reasons for the deaths of all ages in those societies. It is estimated that each year about 8.5 million people worldwide lose their lives as a result of trauma. Among the types of injuries around the world, road accidents are more common. ...  Read More

Trauma
23. Association of base deficit with mortality in pediatric trauma

Maryam Ziaee; Amirhossein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 50-54

Abstract
   Objective: To evaluate the association of base deficit (BD) with mortality in traumatized children, and to assess this association in a subgroup of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).   Methods: In this cross-sectional study performed prospectively on a convenience sample of patients ...  Read More

Trauma
24. Pre-hospital time intervals in trauma patient transportation by emergency medical service: association with the first 24-hour mortality

Afsaneh Esmaeili Ranjbar; Masoud Mayel; Mitra Movahedi; Faezeh Emaeili Ranjbar; Amirhossein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 37-41

Abstract
  Objective: Most previous retrospective studies failed to show a consistent association between pre-hospital time intervals and mortality in trauma patients, bringing the recommendation of “transport fast to increase survival” under question. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association ...  Read More

Trauma
25. Epidemiology of trauma in Shahid Bahonar hospital in Kerman

Amin Beigzadeh; Ahmad Naghibzadeh Tahami; Habibolah Rezaei; Bahareh Bahman bijari; Mehrdad Nazarieh; Seyed Mostafa Seyed Askari

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 33-36

Abstract
    Objective: Trauma is one of the main causes of losing effective life among the populations. Knowing the pattern of trauma in each country can be considered as the first step in planning preventive programs to reduce trauma injuries. This study was conducted to evaluate the epidemiological status ...  Read More