Emergency medicine
1. Unilateral cyanosis on tongue as an unusual appearance in emergency department: a case report

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 07 April 2020

Abstract
  Introduction: Unilateral and bilateral tongue cyanosis usually occurs due to the Raynaud syndrome and in the underlying severe types of vasculitis and rheumatology.Case Presentation: The present study was conducted on a 54-year-old woman who referred to the emergency department with complaints of ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
2. Awareness of COVID-19 among patient attendants coming to the emergency department in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad Metropolitan region: A questionnaire-based survey

Mulla Mahammad Rafi; Mohammed Ismai Nizami; Uppaluri Sarath Chandra; Ashima Sharma; Gaddam Dharani Reddy; Lubna Tarannum

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 24 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: COVID-19 has become a major public health concern in recent times with detrimental effects on health and economy of the nation exerting unbearable pressure on health care personnel. It is vital for the caretakers and the people accompanying those patients to be aware of the ongoing pandemic ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
3. A woman with a postpartum severe headache

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 28 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Epidural anesthesia is one of the famous, generally safe, and most requestedpain relief measures in labor. Nevertheless, it can have some complications thoughpneumocephalus and subdural effusion are very rare complications.Case Presentation: A 32-year-old woman presented with a severe persistent ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
4. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasonography and radiography for calcaneal fractures in the emergency department

Majid Zamani; Maliheh Mazaheri; Farhad Heydari; Babak Masoumi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 24 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Ultrasonography (US) is not the method of choice for the diagnosis of calcaneal fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US with plain radiography in the diagnosis of calcaneus fractures following blunt ankle and foot trauma. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
5. Comparison of Lichtenstein repair and new mesh implant technique in the treatment of indirect inguinal hernia

Siamak Mousazadeh; Iraj Feizi; Khatereh Isazadeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence and postoperative complications between a new mesh implant technique in the floor of the inguinal canal with limited tissue repair on it and Liechtenstein ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
6. The success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance: A clinical trial study for pain management in emergency departments

Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian; Samaneh Khajeh Nasiri; Vahid Eslami; Saeideh Anavri Ardakani; Sayyed Reza Ahmadi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 April 2020

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance for pain management in emergency departments. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 individuals who needed posterior tibial nerve block ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
7. Painless aortic dissection with slurred speech (Neurologic symptom)

Esmaeal Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Navid Kalani; Samaneh Abiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 May 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Aortic dissection is an uncommon disorder with a high mortality rate, especially if misdiagnosis and mistreatment are not considered. Case Presentation: We present a 67-year old female with slurred speech and left sided plegia during her brother’s funeral. The patient did not have ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
8. Audit of pediatric trauma in a secondary care urban public hospital

Harshit Shah; Bhavin P Vadodariya; Vibhuti Jaju; Sanjay Nagral; Nitin Borle; Manoj Jain

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 10 May 2020

Abstract
  Objective: To study the demographic profile and outcomes of pediatric trauma victims.Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at a secondary care centre in urban India over 15 months. Permission from the local ethics body was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Children under ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
9. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 March 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
10. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 October 2019

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
11. The impact of the coordinating nurse role on patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a semi-experimental study

Mojtaba Samimi; Arash Safaie; Mehran Sotoodehnia; Fatemeh Rasooli; Atefeh Abdollahi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the role of an emergency nurse coordinator (ENC) in improving patient satisfaction at the emergency department (ED) in Tehran, Iran.Methods: This was an interventional study in the field of ED management. This study was undertaken in the ED of Sina hospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
12. Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
13. The importance of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds

Fares Najari; Hadi Jafari; Ali Mohammad Alimohammadi; Dorsa Najari

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 73-76

Abstract
  Objective: Determination of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds is important due to the necessity of immediate workup in the emergency room as well as the legal aspects of cases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds referred to autopsy hall ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
14. A study of the factors associated with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with chronic systemic hypertension

Mozhgan Taghizadeh; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamidreza Vakili; Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Reza Boostani; Negar Morovatdar; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Objective: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following systemic and chronic hypertension is one of the main causes of acute stroke leading to disability and death. Identifying the risk factors in ICH patients can be effective in reducing bleeding and the rates of mortality and disability in these patients. ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
15. Assessment of awareness and attitude of EMS personnel concerning pre-hospital stroke care based on American Stroke Association Guideline

Payman Asadi; Vahid Monsef Kasmaei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Shiva Bakian; Amir Noyani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 68-72

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services (EMS) is a critical component of health care system and the forefront of stroke care. The prominent role of EMS in stroke care is timely and accurate diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke and transfer of the patients to stroke centers. The present study aimed to assess ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
16. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 109-111

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
17. Trauma in pregnant women: an experience from a level 1 trauma center

Mishal Gillani; Sabah Uddin Saqib; Russell Seth Martins; Hasnain Zafar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 87-91

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is the significant non-obstetrical cause of maternal mortality in women aged 35 years or younger. It is expected to complicate around 1 in 12 pregnancies and accounts for 46% of such deaths. In this study, we present our experience of trauma during pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
18. The investigation of valid criteria for hospitalization and discharge in patients with limb cellulitis: a prospective cohort study

Samaneh Abiri; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbar; Neema John Mehramiz; Naser Hatami; Abdol Ali Ameri; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 55-58

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a valid model for patients’ admission or discharge from emergency services to improve the health system and reduce costs.Methods: This study was carried out using a prospective cohort method. The study population was patients with limb cellulitis ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
19. Pediatric upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children: etiology and treatment approaches

Esra Polat; Nevzat Aykut Bayrak; Günsel Kutluk; Hasret Ayyıldız Civan

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 59-62

Abstract
  Objective: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is one of the most important and serious cause of emergency admission in childhood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the etiological factors and the treatment approaches in patients with UGB.Methods: In this retrospective study, children with UGB admitted ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
20. Investigating the relationship between how a chief complaint is expressed and the patient workflow

Sajjad Ahmadi; Niloufar Pouresmaeil; Farima Najjarian; Samad Shams Vahdati; Maryam Rahimpour Asenjan; Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 63-67

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency departments and hospital emergency departments are important due to their critical role in providing urgent medical care to patients in dire need of medical interventions. Checking bottlenecks in new conditions and planning to reduce bed occupancy and hospitalization is needed. The ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
21. Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite in a healthy man: A very rare case report

Abbas Edalatkhah; Mohammad Ali Jafari; Sima Valizadeh; Alireza Esmaeili; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 115-117

Abstract
  Objective: Necrotizing fasciitis of the perinea, referred to as Fournier’s gangrene, is a necrotizing infection of the perinea. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on the Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite and this is a rare case report of this type.Case Presentation: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
22. A report on the experience of using ultrasound by emergency medical technicians in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting: a pilot study

Pir-Hossein Kolivand; Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Maryam Modabber; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 92-97

Abstract
  Objective: The current study was performed to provide real-time bedside ultrasonography for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and assess the advantages and disadvantages of its application in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting from their viewpoints.Methods: This semi-experimental ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
23. Case report of a piece of dishwashing steel wool in a child’s pharynx

Parvin Aَbbaslou; Maryam Ahmadipour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 118-120

Abstract
  Objective: Foreign body swallowing is a common pediatric problem. A foreign body in the pharynx is a medical emergency that requires urgent intervention. Evaluation and treatment of pharyngeal foreign bodies is much more difficult in children than in adults and sometimes requires hospitalization and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
24. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
25. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More