Clinical Toxicology
1. The Challenge of Medication Errors in the Emergency Department Setting

Mojtaba Miladinia; Elham Mousavi Nouri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 June 2021

Abstract
  Medication errors (MEs) are considered the most common medical errors and as one of the major challenges threatening the health system, which can be also reduced. MEs threaten patients' safety and may increase the length of hospital stay, lead to unexpected complications, mortality and side costs. In ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
2. Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Education
3. The effect of teacher-made simulation moulage on learning cricothyrotomy skills in emergency medicine physicians

Hamid Reza Moretza Bagi; Amir Ghaffarzad; Peyman Fathipour; Reza Yazdani; Zhila Khamnian; Sama Rahnemayan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, simulation of clinical environment in medical education system (simulation-based learning) has led to a huge revolution in the quality of education and has increased the safety of educators and patients. In this study, we investigated the effect of teacher-made neck and lung simulators ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
4. Assessing the effectiveness of ketorolac in pain management of traumatic injuries in prehospital emergency care services

Seyyed Meysam Amini; Mehriyar Yoldashkhan; Sima Zohari; Malihe Nasiri; Zahra Mousavi; Seyed Mohammad Amini

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pain is usually one of the most common symptoms among all traumatic injuries. One of the drugs that has recently entered the Iranian prehospital emergency system is ketorolac. Ketorolac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
5. Pattern of injuries in blunt trauma abdomen: A retrospective evaluation of imaging findings at a high-volume tertiary care trauma centre
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 June 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is the investigation of choice in trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the pattern, severity and association of abdominal injuries based on imaging at a high-volume tertiary trauma care centre. Methods: Retrospective ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
6. Interleukin-6 blockade and cytokine release syndrome in coronavirus disease of 2019: Is that a lot? Thoughts from the emergency department

Sadaf Sheikh

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 80-81

Abstract
  Interleukin-6 is pro-inflammatory cytokine which plays a role in cytokine storm and brought into notice with corona virus disease of 2019. Lymphopenia and dysregulated immune response were seen in the critically ill patients of corona virus disease of 2019. IL-6 inhibitors were proposed as a treatment ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
7. Diagnostic relevance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in early detection of acute kidney injury

Madhusudhan Mahadevaiah; Murali Mohan Nidasale Thimmaiah; Venu Sashank Yerramsetty; Jeevan Kumar; Ranjith Kumar

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 88-92

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the predictive and diagnostic accuracy of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in acute kidney injury (AKI) and also to predict the renal replacement therapy (RRT) using NGAL as a marker.Methods: This prospective study was conducted among the patients admitted to intensive ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
8. The effect of a short ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting

Anita Sabzghabaei; Fariba Farahi; Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni; Hamidreza Hatamabadi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 97-100

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting.Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
9. Clinical competencies of emergency medical services paramedics in responding to emergency conditions using Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in Guilan

Arash Amirrafiei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Fatemeh Haghshenas-Bakerdar; Ehsan Kazemnejad-Leili; Payman Asadi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 101-105

Abstract
  Objective: Evaluating the abilities of emergency medical services (EMS) staff who are in the frontline of the diseases could be an excellent reflection of the accuracy of curriculum both before and after graduation. This study was done to determine the clinical competencies of Guilan EMS staff in responding ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
10. Exploring nurses’ knowledge of basic life support guideline of American Heart Association: a local study

Payman Asadi; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Vahid Monsef-Kasmaei1

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 106-110

Abstract
  Objective: Awareness of the changes concerning the clinical guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential for nurses. This study aimed at assessing the nurses’ knowledge of the 2015 American Heart Association basic life support guideline algorithm. Methods: In a cross-sectional ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
11. Emergency laparotomy at district hospitals in a developing nation: a review of indications and outcomes of treatment

Aloysius Ugwu-Olisa Ogbuanya; Nonyelum Benedett Ugwu

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 111-117

Abstract
  Objective: Recently, emergency and essential surgical and anesthesia care at district hospitals is increasingly gaining recognition as a critical, though neglected element of health care system in Africa and other developing nations. Emergency laparotomy is a versatile procedure that can cure a great ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
12. An overview of the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in the south of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; sarina sahmeddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 118-122

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma.Methods: This is a cross sectional study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated in the referral trauma center of south of Iran. Data of 264 patients were extracted from patients’ records ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
13. How to deal with the mental health consequences of global health emergencies? A nutshell of telemental health services and its requirements

Nazanin Jannati; Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi; Roghayeh Ershad Sarab; Simin Salehinejad

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 127-129

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis of our time. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
14. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 130-132

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
15. Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 133-134

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
16. Oral ingestion of lidocaine for suicide: A case report

Maryam Adimolmasali; Ali Teimouri; Hamid Reza Mokhtar; Mahdi Foroughian; Parvin Zohoorian Sadr; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 135-136

Abstract
  Systemic toxemia with topical anesthetics could be fatal due to the use of anesthetics in various ways (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). Nowadays, topical anesthetics are used in inpatient and outpatient treatments. Despite its widespread usage, many physicians are not fully aware ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
17. Penetrating trans-abdominal bamboo stick injury: An unusual case report

Lalit Kumar Bansal; Raja Bhanukiran; Poras Chaudhary; Arun Kumar Gupta

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 137-139

Abstract
  Objective: objectives: Penetrating abdominal trauma secondary to bamboo stick injury is a rare entity in the developed world. Most of such kind of trans abdominal penetrating bamboo stick injury is associated with multiple solid and hollow viscus injuries. In developing countries like India, where nearly ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
18. Midwakh (pipe) and seizure: The overlooked link

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 140-142

Abstract
  Objective: Numerous drugs and medications from various pharmacological classes can lead to seizures as an unwanted side effect. Midwakh is a pipe commonly used to smoke tobacco blend in small quantities. Midwakh use is increasing, especially among young people. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old patient ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
19. How much can a small bursa stretch? A curious case of massive superficial infrapatellar bursitis in the emergency departme

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 146-148

Abstract
  Introduction: Inflammation of the infrapatellar bursa results from various causes like trauma, infection and overuse. Superficial skin or soft tissue infection can also lead to occasional septic bursitis. Infrapatellar bursa has two parts, superficial and deep bursae. Superficial bursa inflammation reactive ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
20. Audit of pediatric trauma in a secondary care urban public hospital

Harshit Shah; Bhavin P Vadodariya; Vibhuti Jaju; Sanjay Nagral; Nitin Borle; Manoj Jain

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 7-11

Abstract
  Objective: To study the demographic profile and outcomes of pediatric trauma victims.Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at a secondary care centre in urban India over 15 months. Permission from the local ethics body was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Children under ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
21. The success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance: A clinical trial study for pain management in emergency departments

Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian; Samaneh Khajeh Nasiri; Vahid Eslami; Saeideh Anavri Ardakani; Sayyed Reza Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 12-16

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance for pain management in emergency departments. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 individuals who needed posterior tibial nerve block ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
22. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasonography and radiography for calcaneal fractures in the emergency department

Majid Zamani; Maliheh Mazaheri; Farhad Heydari; Babak Masoumi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 17-21

Abstract
  Objective: Ultrasonography (US) is not the method of choice for the diagnosis of calcaneal fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US with plain radiography in the diagnosis of calcaneus fractures following blunt ankle and foot trauma. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
23. The impact of the coordinating nurse role on patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a semi-experimental study

Mojtaba Samimi; Arash Safaie; Mehran Sotoodehnia; Fatemeh Rasooli; Atefeh Abdollahi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 22-27

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the role of an emergency nurse coordinator (ENC) in improving patient satisfaction at the emergency department (ED) in Tehran, Iran.Methods: This was an interventional study in the field of ED management. This study was undertaken in the ED of Sina hospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
24. Comparison of Lichtenstein repair and new mesh implant technique in the treatment of indirect inguinal hernia

Siamak Mousazadeh; Iraj Feizi; Khatereh Isazadeh

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 28-31

Abstract
  Objective: Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most commonly used surgical procedures in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the recurrence and postoperative complications between a new mesh implant technique in the floor of the inguinal canal with limited tissue repair on it and Liechtenstein ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
25. Awareness of COVID-19 among patient attendants coming to the emergency department in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad Metropolitan region: A questionnaire-based survey

Mulla Mahammad Rafi; Mohammed Ismai Nizami; Uppaluri Sarath Chandra; Ashima Sharma; Gaddam Dharani Reddy; Lubna Tarannum

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 36-40

Abstract
  Objective: COVID-19 has become a major public health concern in recent times with detrimental effects on health and economy of the nation exerting unbearable pressure on health care personnel. It is vital for the caretakers and the people accompanying those patients to be aware of the ongoing pandemic ...  Read More