Emergency Medical Services
1. A brief review of some strange and unusual poisoning in children

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Bita Dadpour

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 November 2019

Abstract
  The Clinical Toxicology Center in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad is the referral center of poisonings in the East of Iran and many cases of poisoned children are referred to this center and some cases are admitted.In this letter we report some specific, strange and unusual poisonings in children admitted ...  Read More

Trauma
2. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 October 2019

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Trauma
3. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 September 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
4. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a young man due to tramadol overdose

Zahra Ataee; Bita Dadpour

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 December 2019

Abstract
  Objective: Tramadol is a synthetic analgesic with two mechanisms. The opioid and non-opioid mechanisms are responsible for tramadol side effects. Non-opioid side effects of tramadol are due to the reuptake inhibitions of serotonin and norepinephrine. Some of the side effects include anaphylactoid reactions, ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
5. Initial documented rhythm as a predictor of survivalto-discharge rate after in-hospital cardiac arrest in a tertiary care referral institute, South India: an observational study

Surendar Ravipragasam; Deepika Chandar; Vinay R Pandit

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Objective: Survival-to-discharge rates following in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) patients remain significantly low. The use of initial documented cardiac rhythm as predictor of Survival-to-discharge is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether the initial documented rhythm can be used as a ...  Read More

Ultrasonography
6. Evaluation of clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in primary knee osteoarthritis

Bita Abbasi; Masoud Pezeshki-Rad; Mozhdeh Amini; Mahdi Foroughian; Maryam Sahebari; Sirous Nekooei; Reza Akhvan

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 94 patients with painful primary knee OA according to the American ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
7. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Surgery
8. Gastrografin-based conservative approach to small bowel obstructions: too far from a daily use

Mirko Barone; Barbara Leone; Giuseppe Cipollone; Felice Mucilli

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  As known, small bowel obstruction is one of the most common emergencies in general surgery carrying a not negligible rate of morbidity and financial expenditures as far as high social impact . Peritoneal adhesions are the leading cause of intestinal obstruction up to 74% of cases. In spite of increasing ...  Read More

Trauma
9. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
10. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
11. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Orthopedics
12. Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

Trauma
13. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
14. Satisfaction with the performance of emergency medical services: a case study in Tabriz

Fereshteh Jamali; Haniyeh Ebrahimibakhtavar; Mahbubeh Zomordi Torkdari; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Objective: Assessing patients’ satisfaction with emergency medical services (EMSs) is an important managerial point of view. The present study aimed to assess the patients’ satisfaction with EMS in Tabriz, Iran.Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study that was done in the prehospital ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
15. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in various specialty areas in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Samuel Olufemi Bolarinde; Isaiah Oyewole; Adesola Felix Abobarin

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major complaints in the work place. This study investigated the prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs, risk factors and the strategies of management among nurses working in various specialty areas in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.Methods: ...  Read More

Trauma
16. “Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Trauma
17. Fatal road traffic accidents in Yazd province, Iran during 2011-2015

Mohammad Hasan Lotfi; Hossein Lashkardoost; Andishe Hamedi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 51-55

Abstract
  Objective: The rate of road traffic accidents in Iran per capita and for the number of vehicles is much higher than the average in the world. The present study was conducted to investigate road traffic accidents in Yazd province during 2011-2015.Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study ...  Read More

Trauma
18. A clinical study investigating the three months prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and its effective factors

Vahid Abbasi; Abolfazl Atalu; Afshan Sharghi; Fatemeh Taghvatalab

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 47-50

Abstract
  Objective: Currently, treating ischemic stroke by intravenous thrombolytic therapy has acceptable results in patients with stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the three months prognosis of patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA).Methods: This cross-sectional prospective ...  Read More

Trauma
19. MRI findings in patients with blunt cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports

Hassan Amiri; Mojtaba Chardoli; Maryam Sarvari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Niloufar Ghodrati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 56-60

Abstract
  Objective: This study investigates the possible magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports. These patients have tenderness or an uncomfortable feeling in the traumatized area as well.Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Trauma
20. Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Trauma
21. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
22. Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran

Ali Imani; Jalal Borna; Ali Alami; Shahla Khosravan; Hadi Hasankhani; Mostafa Bafandeh Zende

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 8-13

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is one of the most important job injuries among emergency medical personnel. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of low back pain as well as its physical, mental and managerial predisposing factors among emergency medical personnel in Iran.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
23. The five preferences for post-traumatic SAH

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Huber Padilla-Zambrano; Yancarlos Ramos-Villegas; Amit Agrawal; Andres M. Rubiano

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 1-1

Abstract
  Acute traumatic brain injury is a worldwide public health crisis. Post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a finding that is present at a frequency of 40% according to data from American TCDB (1,2). Among the mechanisms that have been implicated as causes of post-traumatic SAH is the cortical ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
24. Accidental intravenous bolus infusion of potassium chloride in a young man with hypokalemic periodic paralysis

Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Gholamreza Faridaalaee

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 29-31

Abstract
  Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is anautosomal dominantdisease characterized by muscle weakness or paralysis with a matching fall in blood potassium levels. Paralysis attacks often occur in adolescence and are induced by strenuous exercise followed by rest, high carbohydrateor high sodiummeal content, ...  Read More

Trauma
25. Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More