Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Internal Medicine Department, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Objective: Trauma is a disease of modern societies and one of the reasons for the deaths of all ages in those societies. It is estimated that each year about 8.5 million people worldwide lose their lives as a result of trauma. Among the types of injuries around the world, road accidents are more common. We conducted this study to compare types of trauma in different seasons in patients referred to Imam Reza hospital trauma center in 2013.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all trauma patients admitted to Trauma Emergency Department of Imam Reza hospital in Tabriz entered the study. As this study did not focus on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, we used epidemiological data from history and physical examination as a source. Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used for data analysis. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0.
Results: Of all 23 876 patients, 18 044 patients (75.6%) were male and 5832 (24.4%) were female. The prevalence of majority of trauma cases was 11.2% (2671) and occurred in September. Traffic accidents were the most common cause of trauma in patients with a prevalence of 33.9% (8095). Head injury had a prevalence of 38.6%. We did not find any correlation between age of patients, gender, type of injuries and the affected limb.
Conclusion: Findings showed that trauma is more prevalent among males and younger people. Thus, proper planning and stringent traffic rules can reduce accident rate.

Keywords

Main Subjects

  1. Dunser M, Duranteau J, Geeraerts T. Severe and Multiple Trauma: clinical problems. European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM); 2013. http://pact.esicm.org/ media/Multiple_trauma_Final_Version_4_Dec_2013.pdf
  2. Marx JA, Hockberger R, Walls R. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2010.
  3. Jager TE, Weiss HB, Coben JH, Pepe PE. Traumatic brain injuries evaluated in U.S. emergency departments, 1992- 1994. Acad Emerg Med 2000; 7(2): 134-40. doi: 10.1111/ j.1553-2712.2000.tb00515.x.
  4. Peden M, McGee K, Sharma G. The Injury Chartbook: A Graphical Overview of the Global Burden of Injuries. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002.
  5. Smith GS, Barss P. Unintentional injuries in developing countries: the epidemiology of a neglected problem. Epidemiol Rev 1991;13:228-66.
  6. Nantulya VM, Reich MR. The neglected epidemic: road traffic injuries in developing countries. BMJ 2002; 324(7346): 1139-41. doi: 10.1136/bmj.324.7346.1139.
  7. Agnihotri AK, Joshi HS. Pattern of Road Traffic Injuries: One Year Hospital-Based Study in Western Nepal. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2006; 13(2): 128-30. doi: 10.1080/17457300500310236.
  8. Borse NN, Gilchrist J, Dellinger AM, Rudd RA, Ballesteros MF, Sleet DA. CDC childhood injury report: patterns of unintentional injuries among 0–19 year olds in the United States, 2000–2006. Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2008.
  9. Baker SP, ONeill BO, Ginsburg MJ, Li G. The Injury Fact Book. New York: Oxford University Press; 1992.
  10. Aschkenasy MT, Rothenhaus TC. Trauma and Falls in the Elderly. Emerg Med Clin North Am 2006; 24(2): 413-32. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2006.01.005.
  11. Alexander BH, Rivara FP, Wolf ME. The cost and frequency of hospitalization for fall-related injuries in older adults. Am J Public Health 1992; 82(7): 1020-3. doi: 10.2105/ ajph.82.7.1020.
  12. Roudsari BS, Sharzei K, Zargar M. Sex and age distribution in transport-related injuries in Tehran. Accid Anal Prev 2004; 36(3): 391-8. doi: 10.1016/s0001-4575(03)00032-0.
  13. Ogendi JO, Ayisi JG. Causes of injuries resulting in a visit to the emergency department of a Provincial General Hospital, Nyanza, western Kenya. Afr Health Sci 2011; 11(2): 255-61.
  14. Patil SS, Kakade R, Durgawale P, Kakade S. Pattern of road traffic injuries: a study from Western maharashtra. Indian J Community Med 2008; 33(1): 56-7. doi: 10.4103/0970- 0218.39248.
  15. Villaveces A, Mutter R, Owens PL, Barrett ML. Causes of injuries treated in the emergency department, 2010. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) statistical briefs. Rockville (MD): Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US); 2013.
  16. Fischler L, Röthlisberger M. Comparison between ski and snowboarding accidents. Current overview from the ski area Arosa (Switzerland) (1988/89 to 1994/95). Praxis (Bern 1994). 1996 Jun 11;85(24):777-82. [In German].
  17. Çevik Y, Kavalcı C, Ülke E. Retrospective analysis of skiing injuries. Journal of Academic Emergency Medicine 2010; 9: 45-8.