Document Type : Letter to Editor
- Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar 1
- Guru Dutta Satyarthee 2
- Nidia Escobar Hernandez 3, 4
- Jorge Aquino Matus 4, 5
- Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda 4, 5
- Marco Antonio Blancas-Varas 6
- Johana Maraby 7
- Joulen Mo-Carrascal 7
1 Neurosurgeon-Critical Care, RED LATINO. Latin American Trauma & Intensive Neuro-Care Organization, Bogota, Colombia
2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Radiology, National Autonomous Universitiy of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
4 Department of Radiology Hospital, General Dr. Manuel Gea González, Mexico City, Mexico
5 Department of Internal Medicine, National Autonomous Universitiy of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
6 National Autonomous Universitiy of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
7 Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
Scuba diving is associated with an important risk of developing decompression sickness secondary to formation of gas bubbles inside the body. The latter is formed mainly by nitrogen in the body on the diver’s way to the surface (1,2). In some cases, it might injure the central nervous system. Several decompression cases that have been associated with neurologic symptoms are described in the literature; however, brain multi-infarct with lethal outcome has never been described.
2. Landsberg PG. South African underwater diving accidents, 1969-1976. S Afr Med J 1976; 50(55): 2155-59.
3. Klingmann C, Gonnermann A, Dreyhaupt J, Vent J, Praetorius M, Plinkert PK. Decompression illness reported in a survey of 429 recreational divers. Aviat Space Environ Med 2008; 79(2): 123-8. doi:10.3357/ASEM.2126.2008.
4. Jankowski LW, Tikuisis P, Nishi RY. Exercise effects during diving and decompression on postdive venous gas emboli. Aviat Space Environ Med 2004; 75(6): 489-95.
5. Chojdak-Łukasiewicz J, Dziadkowiak E, Bladowska J, Paradowski B. Vertebral artery dissection and stroke after scuba diving. Neurol India 2014;; 62(6): 711. doi:10.4103/0028-3886.149455.