Document Type: short communication

Authors

Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India

Abstract

Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the sixth leading cause of deaths in India and about 400 deaths take place every day due to road traffic accidents. The present paper analyses the data of the India’s National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) to assess the burden of RTI. In addition, it reports the health systems research initiated by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). As per NCRB data, in 2015, 6.3 million persons (50 persons per 10 million population) injured and out of them 1.4 million (11 persons per 10 million population) died in India. Except the NCRB data, there are no nation-wide data on RTI and the data remain poorly collected and sporadic in India. Hence, ICMR has initiated a multi-centric study to establish an electronic-based comprehensive and integrated RTI surveillance system. The second issue on which ICMR undertake research is timely and quality care of RTI patients as many deaths occur either at the scene or en route to the hospital. There is a clear survival and functional benefit for critically injured patients to receive appropriate care within the first 60 minutes of injury (‘golden hour’). Hence, this multi-centric study has been initiated to standardize structured evidence-based intervention for safety, efficacy and quality of post-crash pre-hospital and in-hospital trauma care services to improve the outcome in RTI victims. An android-based trauma registry is being built and will be used to assess the impact of interventions. These studies will provide first comprehensive estimates on various epidemiological issues related to RTI. Also, an evidence of improvement through quality post-crash prehospital and in-hospital trauma care services will emerge. These results will contribute to the setting of research and investment priorities and to formulate policies and guidelines.

Keywords

Main Subjects

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