Editorial
Clubfoot management during COVID-19 times: An Indian scenario

Akash Singhal; Anil Kapoor

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 19 February 2022

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been universal and swift inits spread. As orthopaedic surgeons, for the most of us this timeframe has reduced ouractivity to emergency and trauma cases only, with virtual outpatient clinics and no electivesurgeries. With some of the common deformity ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Sudden calf swelling and pseudo-thrombophlebitis in rheumatoid arthritis: an uncommon emergency spot diagnosis

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 June 2022

Abstract
  A 52-year-old male presented with atraumatic left side calf swelling for the last three months. The swelling had acute onset and increased gradually in size. He had a history of rheumatoid arthritis with treatment options limited to physiotherapy sessions and pain medication as he could not continue ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Editorial Infectious disease
Clubfoot management during COVID-19 times: An Indian scenario

Akash Singhal; Anil Kapoor

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 19 February 2022

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been universal and swift in its spread. As orthopaedic surgeons, for the most of us this timeframe has reduced our activity to emergency and trauma cases only, with virtual outpatient clinics and no elective surgeries. With some of the common deformity ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological research

Mohammad Mohammadi; Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad; Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi; Maryam Shivanpour

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pre-hospital emergency staff are involved in the front line of care for COVID-19 patients and face many challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: This qualitative research was conducted with a descriptive ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Utility of type and screen policy for pretransfusion compatibility testing at an urban level Ι apex trauma center

Rahul Chaurasia; Naveen Akhtar; Subramanian Arulselvi; Vedanand Arya; Sulekha Karjee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Type and crossmatch (TC) policy is the most common approach for pretransfusion compatibility testing prior to issue of blood for transfusion. As it involvesreserving of the blood units (usually up to 72 hours) prior to issue or un-reserving, it can leadto excessive blood cross matching, inventory ...  Read More

Original Article Cardiology
The role of ProBNP in differentiation of cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope: A diagnostic accuracy study

Afshin Amini; Maryam Ahmadi Chegeni; Zahra Soltanzadeh Khasraghi; Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob; Sina Shool; Amir Ghabousian; Rozita Khatamian Oskooi; Saeed Safari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 15 June 2022

Abstract
  Objective: The significance of diagnosing the root reason for syncope and taking therequired preventive or treatment measures cannot be overlooked when it comes tooutcome prediction. This study endeavors to examine the role of proBNP in differentiatingcardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope in patients ...  Read More

Review Article Emergency medicine
The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Case Report
Three patients with acute appendicitis diagnosis following blunt abdominal trauma

Khosro Ayazi; Parham Nikraftar; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Fatemeh Shojaeian; Shervan Family

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most prevalent surgical emergencies is appendicitis, caused by different factors. However, its relation to trauma has not been well-known yet. Here we have described three cases with blunt abdominal trauma and a secondary diagnosis of appendicitis that were transferred to the operation ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in COVID -19 patients: ICU course of four cases and review of literature

Ovais Nazir; Rana Pratap Singh; Amit Kumar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 28 May 2022

Abstract
  Objective: Since April 2021, there has been significant increase in number of COVID-19 cases in India. As the caseload increased, so did the complications like pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema (SE).Case Presentation: We present clinical course of 4 patients as case series of COVID-19 ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
Seizure after a massive infusion of N-acetylcysteine and successful treatment with a good outcome

Khadijeh Saravani

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 13 June 2022

Abstract
  Objective: N-acetylcysteine is frequently used as an efficacious antidote for acetaminophen toxicity. It prevents liver injury induced by paracetamol and in most cases the overdose of acetylcysteine produces mild clinical effects.Case Presentation: Here we describe a patient who self-treated himself ...  Read More

Case Report Critical Care
Renal infarction mimicking cholecystitis: a case report of a patient presenting with stroke

Sadaf Sheikh; Umair Javed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 April 2022

Abstract
  Objective: Renal infarction which is a rare phenomenon can be missed on the patient’s work up making its incidence low.Case Presentation: We report a 68-year-old lady with known history of hypertension presented with epigastric pain and vomiting for 4 days. During her stay in the emergency room, ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Cellulitis: when to say its treatment failure

Sadaf Sheikh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 April 2022

Abstract
  Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics as routine management and based on the literature the cellulitis hospitalization can be avoided by 11% if appropriate antibiotics are used.1 Randomized clinical trials and Cochrane reviews have suggested that oral antibiotics are non-inferior to intravenous administration ...  Read More