Objective: Scorpion stings are common in tropical regions of Iran. Hemiscorpius enischnochela are distributed in southern part of Iran. The venom of this scorpion causes severe hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, and occasionally death.
Case Presentation: This report describes the clinical manifestations of envenomation by H. enischnochela in a 3-year-old boy from Ruydar city in south of Iran.
Conclusion: Special attention should be paid to the painless stings of yellow scorpions and more studies are needed to set out a protocol for the management of these cases in areas with this envenomation to be a common one.