Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
1. Effect of cervical collars on intracranial pressure in patients with head neurotrauma

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Daniel A. Godoy; Amit Agrawal; Andres M. Rubiano

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Trauma patients are at high risk of cervical and associated injuries. The standard protocol includes immobilization of the cervical spine in a polytrauma as it will help to prevent spinal injuries in the prehospital settings. Hard cervical collar (or alternatives) is routinely used until the cervical ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
2. Factors predicting patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a single-center study

Somaye Younesian; Reza Shirvani; Ali Tabatabaey

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 3-8

Abstract
  Objective: Patient satisfaction (PS) is a major quality assessment index for the emergency department (ED) which affects patient safety, litigation, reimbursements, and consumer satisfaction. In this study we aimed to recognize the factors affecting PS in our center. Method: Random shifts during a week ...  Read More

Original Article emergency nursing
3. Evaluating the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage using emergency severity index triage in Sina hospital of Tabriz: a cross-sectional analysis

Farzad Rahmani; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farnaz Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 9-13

Abstract
   Objective: Triage refers to the evaluation and categorization of patients for better management to deliver services. A good triage system should be able to accurately specify the patients who require urgent care. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
4. The effect of training on the management of nuclear disasters by emergency department nurses and physicians

Alireza Ala; Farzad Rahmani; Reza Aslzad; Zahra Parsian

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 14-17

Abstract
  Objective: On account of the widespread use of nuclear energy in different fields, nuclear accidents and disasters have been on a rise. Thus, it is crucial for medical staff especially emergency department personnel to be aware of the nature of these accidents. This study was designed to evaluate the ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
5. The relationship between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and trauma in adolescents

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar; Saeed Aslanabadi; Nasim Rashedi; Mehrnaz Dadkhah; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Gharehziaaddin

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent and impairing levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Evidence shows that adolescents with ADHD are more exposed to trauma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptom severity ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
6. The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. The effect of physiologic dose of intravenous hydrocortisone in patients with refractory septic shock: a randomized control trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Maryam Salehi; Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee; Majid Jalalyazdi; Hamidreza Reihani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 29-33

Abstract
  Objective: Septic shock is a response to infection and tissue hypoperfusion which does not respond to fluid therapy and eventually leads to organ dysfunction. Aggressive treatment of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and supportive measures are the cornerstones of successful treatment. In addition to the ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
8. Red blood cell distribution width: a determinant of hospital mortality in pancreatitis

Payman Moharamzadeh; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Mohammadhossein Somi; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Akbar Fadaeihaghi; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, there has been a great attention concerning red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in clinical decisions as well as determining the severity of diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the primary level of RDW to predict hospital mortality in pancreatitis. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
9. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More

short communication Emergency Medical Services
10. Epidemiological study of pregnant women admitted to the emergency department

Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Simin Taghavi; Aydin Rahimzade Jahandari; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Pregnancy is an important psychological and biological phenomenon in women’s life. Pregnancy has many complications jeopardizing the well-being of the mother and the child. Methods: In this retrospective study, the data including demographic information, chief complaint, the initial ...  Read More

Case Report Trauma
11. Open vertical sagittal fracture patella with fracture lateral condyle femur: approach to a rare injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 48-50

Abstract
  Patellar fracture is a relatively uncommon fracture especially the vertical sagittal type. In cases of high energy trauma injury, it is usually associated with fracture of ipsilateral distal femur or proximal tibia. However, the combination of vertical sagittal fracture patella and ipsilateral fracture ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
12. Heart attack or rhabdomyolysis?

Mustafa Bolatkale; Muhittin İşsever; Ulaş Karaoğlu; Ahmet Cagdas Acara; Mehtap Bulut

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, Pages 51-52

Abstract
   Statins are commonly used drugs in the treatment of hyperlipidemia (HL), despite some undesirable side effects. These range from mild symptoms such as myopathy, muscle weakness and myalgia to severe muscle weakness associated with chronic myopathy and acute renal failure (ARF) as a result of rhabdomyolysis. ...  Read More