Emergency medicine
Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
An overview of the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in the south of Iran

Mahnaz Yadollahi; sarina sahmeddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 118-122

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma.Methods: This is a cross sectional study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated in the referral trauma center of south of Iran. Data of 264 patients were extracted from patients’ records ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
An interesting case of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Sajjad Ahmadi; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 29-30

Abstract
  Ingestion and inhalation of phosphine are 2 forms of toxicity and their clinical manifestation is extremely wide. A 22-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain after eating lunch. She had a history of celiac disease. On arrival, she was alert and hemodynamically ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Red blood cell distribution width: a determinant of hospital mortality in pancreatitis

Payman Moharamzadeh; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Mohammadhossein Somi; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Akbar Fadaeihaghi; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, there has been a great attention concerning red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in clinical decisions as well as determining the severity of diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the primary level of RDW to predict hospital mortality in pancreatitis. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Assessing readiness for change in the Helmet use: a motivational interview

Fardin Shahbazzadeh; Sajjad Narimani; Shiva Ahmadi; Zahra Anvari; Mehdi Khezeli

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 41-45

Abstract
  Objective:This study aimed to determine the motivation to helmet use among motorcyclists in Ardabil city using the trans-theoretical model (TTM) motivational interview. Methods: Random cluster sampling was used for this study. Five gas stations were selected from the crowded areas of Ardabil city and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Trauma in pregnant women: an experience from a level 1 trauma center

Mishal Gillani; Sabah Uddin Saqib; Russell Seth Martins; Hasnain Zafar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 87-91

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is the significant non-obstetrical cause of maternal mortality in women aged 35 years or younger. It is expected to complicate around 1 in 12 pregnancies and accounts for 46% of such deaths. In this study, we present our experience of trauma during pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Pharmacoligical characterization of the iranian Cerastes cerastes gasperettii (Reptilia: Ophidia: Viperidae) venom

Sasan Zaeri; Zohre Aghaei; Navid Reza Mashayekhi; Ali Salemi; Ramin Seyedian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 123-126

Abstract
  Objective: Snake envenomation is common in tropical and subtropical countries of the Middle East areas including Iran. Cerastes cerastes gasperettii is a dangerous snake living in southwestern provinces of Iran. It causes massive edema at the bite site and coagulopathy leading to death if untreated. ...  Read More

Cardiology
Electrocardiographic abnormalities and troponin levels provide insight on the prognosis of COVID-19 patients: A single center experience from Iran

Amin Mahdavi; Meysam Moravej; Maryam Aliramezany

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 37-42

Abstract
  Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infection which can present itself bythe involvement of various organs, but the most common manifestations are respiratorysymptoms, fever and dyspnea with a high mortality rate. In order to study the prognosis ofpatients and also to determine the treatment ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
The financial burden of imaging tests conducted in the emergency department of a teaching hospital: a brief report

Sahar Mirbaha; Mohammadmehd Forouzanfar; Amin Saberinia; Amir Salimi; Hamid Kariman; Mozhgan Farmahini Farahani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Objective: Each imaging technique has a special application and usage, and should be used in the right situation. Physicians choose the type of imaging technique by considering the type of tissue and the benefits and disadvantages of the imaging method as well as its financial burden on the patient. ...  Read More

Forensic Medicine
Demographic findings in suicidal hangings among Iranian population

Maryam Ameri; Maryam Akhgari; Roya Kordrostami

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 71-74

Abstract
  This study aimed at describing demographic information of the deceased resulting from hanging by means of different methods of suicide. In this cross-sectional study, the file of suicide cases referred to the Central Legal Medicine Organization was investigated retrospectively. Of 1681 suicide cases, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A report on the experience of using ultrasound by emergency medical technicians in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting: a pilot study

Pir-Hossein Kolivand; Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Maryam Modabber; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 92-97

Abstract
  Objective: The current study was performed to provide real-time bedside ultrasonography for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and assess the advantages and disadvantages of its application in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting from their viewpoints.Methods: This semi-experimental ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
How to deal with the mental health consequences of global health emergencies? A nutshell of telemental health services and its requirements

Nazanin Jannati; Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi; Roghayeh Ershad Sarab; Simin Salehinejad

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 127-129

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis of our time. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Implementation and evaluation of the five-level emergency triage (emergency severity index tool): A hospital-based, prospective, observational study

Harish Kodisiddaiah Shivanna; Aruna Chala Ramesh; Keshava Murthy M Rangaswamy

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 43-48

Abstract
  Objective:To implement the 5-level Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage tool into nursingpractice in the emergency department (ED) and validate it with a population-based cohortusing hospitalization and length of stay (LOS) as outcome measures.Methods: The study included 850 patients, irrespective of ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
Epidemiological study of pregnant women admitted to the emergency department

Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Simin Taghavi; Aydin Rahimzade Jahandari; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Pregnancy is an important psychological and biological phenomenon in women’s life. Pregnancy has many complications jeopardizing the well-being of the mother and the child. Methods: In this retrospective study, the data including demographic information, chief complaint, the initial ...  Read More

Education
Teaching and learning in clinical rounds: a qualitative meta-analysis

Amin Beigzadeh; Nikoo Yamani; Elham Sharifpoor; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy; Peyman Adibi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 46-55

Abstract
  Objective: Literature on the obstacles of clinical rounds is dispersed and has not been well established under a unified systematic investigation. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds, where a variety of skills important for the medical profession, cannot be augmented if barriers related to main ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

emergency nursing
The prevalence of personality disorders in nurses: role of the workplace environment

Sahar Mirbaha; Parvin Kashani; Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Afshin Amini; Farahnaz Meschi; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 59-63

Abstract
  Objective: Personality disorder is a multi-factorial condition in which workplace stress plays a significant role. This study was undertaken due to scarcity of information regarding the role of workplace stress which can cause personality disorder among nurses. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ...  Read More

Trauma
Compartment syndrome as a result of incorrect treatment

Seyyed Mahdi Mirhamidi; Davood Soroosh; Alireza Abadi; Elahe Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 75-77

Abstract
  Compartment syndrome is a rare vascular disorder and an orthopedic emergency caused by high intramuscular pressure following bone fractures and some other etiologies. It mostly involves extremities, but can affect other parts of the body. The syndrome is diagnosed based on extensively varying signs and ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Urological surgery in the time of coronavirus pandemic

Manas Sharma; Shridhar C. Ghagane; Shubhashree Muralidhar; Shashank Patil; Naina R. Nerli; Rajendra B. Nerli

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 98-101

Abstract
  The current coronavirus pandemic forces us to realize the significance of the careful utilization of financial and health-care resources. At the same time, it is important to ensure the ability of urologists to function through this crisis to provide essential and emergency services. With regards to ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 130-132

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More