Emergency medicine
126. Trauma in pregnant women: an experience from a level 1 trauma center

Mishal Gillani; Sabah Uddin Saqib; Russell Seth Martins; Hasnain Zafar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 87-91

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is the significant non-obstetrical cause of maternal mortality in women aged 35 years or younger. It is expected to complicate around 1 in 12 pregnancies and accounts for 46% of such deaths. In this study, we present our experience of trauma during pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
127. Pharmacoligical characterization of the iranian Cerastes cerastes gasperettii (Reptilia: Ophidia: Viperidae) venom

Sasan Zaeri; Zohre Aghaei; Navid Reza Mashayekhi; Ali Salemi; Ramin Seyedian

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 123-126

Abstract
  Objective: Snake envenomation is common in tropical and subtropical countries of the Middle East areas including Iran. Cerastes cerastes gasperettii is a dangerous snake living in southwestern provinces of Iran. It causes massive edema at the bite site and coagulopathy leading to death if untreated. ...  Read More

128. Challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological research

Mohammad Mohammadi; Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad; Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi; Maryam Shivanpour

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Pre-hospital emergency staff are involved in the front line of care for COVID-19 patients and face many challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: This qualitative research was conducted with a descriptive ...  Read More

Cardiology
129. Electrocardiographic abnormalities and troponin levels provide insight on the prognosis of COVID-19 patients: A single center experience from Iran

Amin Mahdavi; Meysam Moravej; Maryam Aliramezany

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 37-42

Abstract
  Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infection which can present itself bythe involvement of various organs, but the most common manifestations are respiratorysymptoms, fever and dyspnea with a high mortality rate. In order to study the prognosis ofpatients and also to determine the treatment ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
130. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
131. The financial burden of imaging tests conducted in the emergency department of a teaching hospital: a brief report

Sahar Mirbaha; Mohammadmehd Forouzanfar; Amin Saberinia; Amir Salimi; Hamid Kariman; Mozhgan Farmahini Farahani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Objective: Each imaging technique has a special application and usage, and should be used in the right situation. Physicians choose the type of imaging technique by considering the type of tissue and the benefits and disadvantages of the imaging method as well as its financial burden on the patient. ...  Read More

Forensic Medicine
132. Demographic findings in suicidal hangings among Iranian population

Maryam Ameri; Maryam Akhgari; Roya Kordrostami

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 71-74

Abstract
  This study aimed at describing demographic information of the deceased resulting from hanging by means of different methods of suicide. In this cross-sectional study, the file of suicide cases referred to the Central Legal Medicine Organization was investigated retrospectively. Of 1681 suicide cases, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
133. A report on the experience of using ultrasound by emergency medical technicians in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting: a pilot study

Pir-Hossein Kolivand; Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Maryam Modabber; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 92-97

Abstract
  Objective: The current study was performed to provide real-time bedside ultrasonography for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and assess the advantages and disadvantages of its application in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting from their viewpoints.Methods: This semi-experimental ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
134. How to deal with the mental health consequences of global health emergencies? A nutshell of telemental health services and its requirements

Nazanin Jannati; Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi; Roghayeh Ershad Sarab; Simin Salehinejad

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 127-129

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis of our time. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted or halted critical mental health ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
135. Implementation and evaluation of the five-level emergency triage (emergency severity index tool): A hospital-based, prospective, observational study

Harish Kodisiddaiah Shivanna; Aruna Chala Ramesh; Keshava Murthy M Rangaswamy

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 43-48

Abstract
  Objective:To implement the 5-level Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triage tool into nursingpractice in the emergency department (ED) and validate it with a population-based cohortusing hospitalization and length of stay (LOS) as outcome measures.Methods: The study included 850 patients, irrespective of ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
136. Epidemiological study of pregnant women admitted to the emergency department

Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Simin Taghavi; Aydin Rahimzade Jahandari; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Pregnancy is an important psychological and biological phenomenon in women’s life. Pregnancy has many complications jeopardizing the well-being of the mother and the child. Methods: In this retrospective study, the data including demographic information, chief complaint, the initial ...  Read More

Education
137. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds: a qualitative meta-analysis

Amin Beigzadeh; Nikoo Yamani; Elham Sharifpoor; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy; Peyman Adibi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 46-55

Abstract
  Objective: Literature on the obstacles of clinical rounds is dispersed and has not been well established under a unified systematic investigation. Teaching and learning in clinical rounds, where a variety of skills important for the medical profession, cannot be augmented if barriers related to main ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
138. Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

emergency nursing
139. The prevalence of personality disorders in nurses: role of the workplace environment

Sahar Mirbaha; Parvin Kashani; Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Afshin Amini; Farahnaz Meschi; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 59-63

Abstract
  Objective: Personality disorder is a multi-factorial condition in which workplace stress plays a significant role. This study was undertaken due to scarcity of information regarding the role of workplace stress which can cause personality disorder among nurses. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ...  Read More

Trauma
140. Compartment syndrome as a result of incorrect treatment

Seyyed Mahdi Mirhamidi; Davood Soroosh; Alireza Abadi; Elahe Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 75-77

Abstract
  Compartment syndrome is a rare vascular disorder and an orthopedic emergency caused by high intramuscular pressure following bone fractures and some other etiologies. It mostly involves extremities, but can affect other parts of the body. The syndrome is diagnosed based on extensively varying signs and ...  Read More

Infectious disease
141. Urological surgery in the time of coronavirus pandemic

Manas Sharma; Shridhar C. Ghagane; Shubhashree Muralidhar; Shashank Patil; Naina R. Nerli; Rajendra B. Nerli

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 98-101

Abstract
  The current coronavirus pandemic forces us to realize the significance of the careful utilization of financial and health-care resources. At the same time, it is important to ensure the ability of urologists to function through this crisis to provide essential and emergency services. With regards to ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
142. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 130-132

Abstract
  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Disaster
143. Use of telemedicine and e-health in disasters: a systematic review

Simin Salehinejad; Nazanin Jannati; Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 56-62

Abstract
  Objective: Both natural and man-made disasters need near-term and long-term interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality among the affected population. Recently, telemedicine has been effectively used in both man-made and natural disasters and showed its effectiveness in eliminating the adverse consequences ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
144. Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Infectious disease
145. SARS-CoV-2 and its dynamic impact on emergency department preparedness and management

Sohil Pothiawala

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 102-108

Abstract
  Introduction: Emerging viral diseases (EVDs) pose a significant threat to public health. There have been a few viral epidemics in the last two decades. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now a global pandemic.Objective: To provide emergency physicians an update on severe acute respiratory syndrome ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
146. Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 133-134

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

147. Utility of type and screen policy for pretransfusion compatibility testing at an urban level Ι apex trauma center

Rahul Chaurasia; Naveen Akhtar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Type and crossmatch (TC) policy is the most common approach for pretransfusion compatibility testing prior to issue of blood for transfusion. As it involvesreserving of the blood units (usually up to 72 hours) prior to issue or un-reserving, it can leadto excessive blood cross matching, inventory ...  Read More

Trauma
148. Open vertical sagittal fracture patella with fracture lateral condyle femur: approach to a rare injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 48-50

Abstract
  Patellar fracture is a relatively uncommon fracture especially the vertical sagittal type. In cases of high energy trauma injury, it is usually associated with fracture of ipsilateral distal femur or proximal tibia. However, the combination of vertical sagittal fracture patella and ipsilateral fracture ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
149. Candida isolation from peritoneal fluid: Its role in the outcome of patients with perforation peritonitis

Shyam lal; Vinod Kumar Singh; Suhas Agarwal

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 49-54

Abstract
  Objective: Perforation peritonitis is a common surgical emergency which is treated bysurgery and antibiotics. Candida isolation in peritoneal fluid and antifungal treatment isnot a norm. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of Candida in peritonealfluid and its role in the outcome of ...  Read More

Trauma
150. Lateral condyle fracture with concomitant postero-medial elbow dislocation in a child: a case report

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Simultaneous combination of fracture of the lateral condyle and postero-medial elbow dislocation is a rare event and limited to few reports or case series in the literature. Rarity of the injury also necessitates judicious diagnosis and appropriate management to ensure optimal functional outcome. Various ...  Read More