Letter to Editor Surgery
1. Gastrografin-based conservative approach to small bowel obstructions: too far from a daily use

Mirko Barone; Barbara Leone; Giuseppe Cipollone; Felice Mucilli

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 1-2

Abstract
  As known, small bowel obstruction is one of the most common emergencies in general surgery carrying a not negligible rate of morbidity and financial expenditures as far as high social impact . Peritoneal adhesions are the leading cause of intestinal obstruction up to 74% of cases. In spite of increasing ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
2. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
3. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article Laboratory
4. Evaluating the diagnostic value of nitrite test in comparison with U/S results in patients with urinary tract infection symptoms: A cross-sectional study

Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Fatemeh Maleki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 13-17

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of nitrite test in comparison with urine culture (U/C) results in patients with Urinary tract infection (UTI) symptoms.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 203 patients with UTI symptoms. Middle urine sample was ...  Read More

Original Article Ultrasonography
5. Evaluation of clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in primary knee osteoarthritis

Bita Abbasi; Masoud Pezeshki-Rad; Mozhdeh Amini; Mahdi Foroughian; Maryam Sahebari; Sirous Nekooei; Reza Akhvan

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 94 patients with painful primary knee OA according to the American ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
6. Initial documented rhythm as a predictor of survivalto-discharge rate after in-hospital cardiac arrest in a tertiary care referral institute, South India: an observational study

Surendar Ravipragasam; Deepika Chandar; Vinay R Pandit

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Objective: Survival-to-discharge rates following in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) patients remain significantly low. The use of initial documented cardiac rhythm as predictor of Survival-to-discharge is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether the initial documented rhythm can be used as a ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
7. An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Original Article
8. Relationship between temperament and character personality dimensions among suicide attempters in an Iranian population

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Shahrokh Amiri; Nima Sarihi; Elham Hossein; Salman Safikhanlou; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Ghareziaaddin

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 33-37

Abstract
  Objective: Two temperamental components that are mostly associated with suicide are high novelty seeking (NS) and high harm avoidance (HA). This study aimed to evaluate the temperament and character personality dimensions of self-poisoning in suicidal attempters in an Iranian population.Methods: A descriptive-analytic ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
9. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

short communication Emergency Medical Services
10. The financial burden of imaging tests conducted in the emergency department of a teaching hospital: a brief report

Sahar Mirbaha; Mohammadmehd Forouzanfar; Amin Saberinia; Amir Salimi; Hamid Kariman; Mozhgan Farmahini Farahani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Objective: Each imaging technique has a special application and usage, and should be used in the right situation. Physicians choose the type of imaging technique by considering the type of tissue and the benefits and disadvantages of the imaging method as well as its financial burden on the patient. ...  Read More

Case Report Orthopedics
11. Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

Case Report Trauma
12. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More