Emergency medicine
51. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 109-111

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
52. Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite in a healthy man: A very rare case report

Abbas Edalatkhah; Mohammad Ali Jafari; Sima Valizadeh; Alireza Esmaeili; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 115-117

Abstract
  Objective: Necrotizing fasciitis of the perinea, referred to as Fournier’s gangrene, is a necrotizing infection of the perinea. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on the Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite and this is a rare case report of this type.Case Presentation: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
53. Case report of a piece of dishwashing steel wool in a child’s pharynx

Parvin Aَbbaslou; Maryam Ahmadipour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 118-120

Abstract
  Objective: Foreign body swallowing is a common pediatric problem. A foreign body in the pharynx is a medical emergency that requires urgent intervention. Evaluation and treatment of pharyngeal foreign bodies is much more difficult in children than in adults and sometimes requires hospitalization and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
54. Gastrografin-based conservative approach to small bowel obstructions: too far from a daily use

Mirko Barone; Barbara Leone; Giuseppe Cipollone; Felice Mucilli

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  As known, small bowel obstruction is one of the most common emergencies in general surgery carrying a not negligible rate of morbidity and financial expenditures as far as high social impact . Peritoneal adhesions are the leading cause of intestinal obstruction up to 74% of cases. In spite of increasing ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
55. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
56. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
57. Evaluation of clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in primary knee osteoarthritis

Bita Abbasi; Masoud Pezeshki-Rad; Mozhdeh Amini; Mahdi Foroughian; Maryam Sahebari; Sirous Nekooei; Reza Akhvan

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 94 patients with painful primary knee OA according to the American ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
58. Initial documented rhythm as a predictor of survivalto-discharge rate after in-hospital cardiac arrest in a tertiary care referral institute, South India: an observational study

Surendar Ravipragasam; Deepika Chandar; Vinay R Pandit

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Objective: Survival-to-discharge rates following in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) patients remain significantly low. The use of initial documented cardiac rhythm as predictor of Survival-to-discharge is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether the initial documented rhythm can be used as a ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
59. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
60. Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
61. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
62. Satisfaction with the performance of emergency medical services: a case study in Tabriz

Fereshteh Jamali; Haniyeh Ebrahimibakhtavar; Mahbubeh Zomordi Torkdari; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Objective: Assessing patients’ satisfaction with emergency medical services (EMSs) is an important managerial point of view. The present study aimed to assess the patients’ satisfaction with EMS in Tabriz, Iran.Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study that was done in the prehospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
63. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in various specialty areas in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Samuel Olufemi Bolarinde; Isaiah Oyewole; Adesola Felix Abobarin

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major complaints in the work place. This study investigated the prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs, risk factors and the strategies of management among nurses working in various specialty areas in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
64. A clinical study investigating the three months prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and its effective factors

Vahid Abbasi; Abolfazl Atalu; Afshan Sharghi; Fatemeh Taghvatalab

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 47-50

Abstract
  Objective: Currently, treating ischemic stroke by intravenous thrombolytic therapy has acceptable results in patients with stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the three months prognosis of patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA).Methods: This cross-sectional prospective ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
65. Fatal road traffic accidents in Yazd province, Iran during 2011-2015

Mohammad Hasan Lotfi; Hossein Lashkardoost; Andishe Hamedi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 51-55

Abstract
  Objective: The rate of road traffic accidents in Iran per capita and for the number of vehicles is much higher than the average in the world. The present study was conducted to investigate road traffic accidents in Yazd province during 2011-2015.Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
66. MRI findings in patients with blunt cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports

Hassan Amiri; Mojtaba Chardoli; Maryam Sarvari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Niloufar Ghodrati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 56-60

Abstract
  Objective: This study investigates the possible magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports. These patients have tenderness or an uncomfortable feeling in the traumatized area as well.Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
67. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
68. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
69. Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
70. “Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
71. The five preferences for post-traumatic SAH

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Huber Padilla-Zambrano; Yancarlos Ramos-Villegas; Amit Agrawal; Andres M. Rubiano

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 1-1

Abstract
  Acute traumatic brain injury is a worldwide public health crisis. Post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a finding that is present at a frequency of 40% according to data from American TCDB (1,2). Among the mechanisms that have been implicated as causes of post-traumatic SAH is the cortical ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
72. Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran

Ali Imani; Jalal Borna; Ali Alami; Shahla Khosravan; Hadi Hasankhani; Mostafa Bafandeh Zende

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 8-13

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is one of the most important job injuries among emergency medical personnel. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of low back pain as well as its physical, mental and managerial predisposing factors among emergency medical personnel in Iran.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
73. Accidental intravenous bolus infusion of potassium chloride in a young man with hypokalemic periodic paralysis

Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Gholamreza Faridaalaee

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 29-31

Abstract
  Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is anautosomal dominantdisease characterized by muscle weakness or paralysis with a matching fall in blood potassium levels. Paralysis attacks often occur in adolescence and are induced by strenuous exercise followed by rest, high carbohydrateor high sodiummeal content, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
74. Patients’ satisfaction towards medical services at the emergency department of European Gaza Hospital- Gaza Strip

Hammoda Abu-Odah; Akram Abu Salah; Ali El-Khateeb; Khawla El-Nems

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Objective: Patients’ satisfaction (PS) is recognized as an important emergency department service design and it has received a high interest and attention in the health management where many studies have focused on determining factors affecting PS in health-related circumstances. In this study, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
75. Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More