Emergency medicine
76. Effect of cervical collars on intracranial pressure in patients with head neurotrauma

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Daniel A. Godoy; Amit Agrawal; Andres M. Rubiano

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Trauma patients are at high risk of cervical and associated injuries. The standard protocol includes immobilization of the cervical spine in a polytrauma as it will help to prevent spinal injuries in the prehospital settings. Hard cervical collar (or alternatives) is routinely used until the cervical ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
77. The relationship between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and trauma in adolescents

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar; Saeed Aslanabadi; Nasim Rashedi; Mehrnaz Dadkhah; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Gharehziaaddin

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent and impairing levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Evidence shows that adolescents with ADHD are more exposed to trauma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptom severity ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
78. The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
79. The effect of physiologic dose of intravenous hydrocortisone in patients with refractory septic shock: a randomized control trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Maryam Salehi; Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee; Majid Jalalyazdi; Hamidreza Reihani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 29-33

Abstract
  Objective: Septic shock is a response to infection and tissue hypoperfusion which does not respond to fluid therapy and eventually leads to organ dysfunction. Aggressive treatment of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and supportive measures are the cornerstones of successful treatment. In addition to the ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
80. Red blood cell distribution width: a determinant of hospital mortality in pancreatitis

Payman Moharamzadeh; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Mohammadhossein Somi; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Akbar Fadaeihaghi; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, there has been a great attention concerning red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in clinical decisions as well as determining the severity of diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the primary level of RDW to predict hospital mortality in pancreatitis. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
81. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
82. Heart attack or rhabdomyolysis?

Mustafa Bolatkale; Muhittin İşsever; Ulaş Karaoğlu; Ahmet Cagdas Acara; Mehtap Bulut

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 51-52

Abstract
   Statins are commonly used drugs in the treatment of hyperlipidemia (HL), despite some undesirable side effects. These range from mild symptoms such as myopathy, muscle weakness and myalgia to severe muscle weakness associated with chronic myopathy and acute renal failure (ARF) as a result of rhabdomyolysis. ...  Read More

Cardiology
83. Does it require to exclude cardiobiliary reflex in every acute coronary syndrome follow up patient with bedside ultrasound on emergency department

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara; Mustafa Topuz

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 40-41

Abstract
   In emergency department, physicians can diagnose pulseless electrical activity, asystole, pericardial effusions, ischemic heart disease, wall motion abnormalities, valvular cardiac disease volume status or global cardiac function evaluating with electrocardiographic findings or using bedside cardiac ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
84. Calculation of plasma chloride levels using blood gas measurements

Reza Hashemi; Alireza Majidi; Ali Tabatabaey; Sadrollah Mahmoudi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: Chloride is the major plasma anion. There are several methods available for the determination of serum chloride levels. Unfortunately these methods are sometimes not available in the urgent setting where values are needed. Here we describe a formula for estimating plasma chloride levels. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
85. Types of trauma in different seasons in patients referred to Imam Reza Hospital Trauma Center

Samad Shams Vahdati; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Sarvin Dalil; Paria Habibollahi; Behzad Yousefi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 46-48

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is a disease of modern societies and one of the reasons for the deaths of all ages in those societies. It is estimated that each year about 8.5 million people worldwide lose their lives as a result of trauma. Among the types of injuries around the world, road accidents are more common. ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
86. Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the emergency department

Seyed Hossein Ojaghi Haghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Tarannom Mahmoudie; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 49-52

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in the prevention of death or delaying it in a person with cardiac arrest. In this regard, demographic information about patients who need CPR is vital. Methods: In this cross-sectional study patients with cardiopulmonary ...  Read More

Critical Care
87. Intussusceptions due to trauma in a 17-month-old infant

Haleh Mousavi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 66-67

Abstract
  Invagination is a kind of intestine disease in children and it is occurred between 2 upto 14 years old. This is a report of 17 months infant with intussusception due to trauma. The patient had admitted to emergency department because of motor vehicle accident and because of abdominal pain, abdominal ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
88. Two year-old boy with ischemic stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 71-72

Abstract
  Arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in adults is considered a serious health threat and requires urgent medical treatment. Prompt diagnosis allows the therapeutic option of thrombolysis within the time window of 3 to 6 hours after first symptoms. Alternatively, early anti-platelet therapy is effective in ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
89. For whom the desert bell tolls: heat stroke or stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 73-74

Abstract
         Heat stroke is the most complicated and dangerous amongst heat injuries that can lead to irreversible injury and even death with itself or with creating predisposibility to different diseases. The following case report depicts a patient who presented primarily with impairment ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
90. A patient with a traumatic brain injury due to barrel bomb tertiary blast effect

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara; Aydın Sarıhan

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 75-76

Abstract
   Preparing to manage weapons of mass destruction events challenges emergency services systems neighboring Syria every day. Understanding injury from explosives is essential for all providers of emergency care in both civilian and military settings. In this case, the authors present a 22-year-old ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
91. A Colombian-based survey on ventriculostomy and intracranial pressure monitor placement practices

Luis Rafael Moscote Salazar; Andrés M. Rubiano; Willem Guillermo Calderon Miranda; Jorge Aquino-Matus

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 1-3

Abstract
  Objective: Monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) is a routine procedure in the neurosurgery field. Although the routine practice of monitoring ICP has decreased in recent years, the practice patterns have not been studied in Colombia. This study was designed to evaluate the current practice forventriculostomy ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
92. Crossed Kirschner’s wires for the treatment of anterior flail chest: an extracortical rib fixation

Felice Mucilli; Pierpaolo Camplese; Guiseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Luigi Guetti; Marco Perioletta; Mirko Barone

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 11-17

Abstract
  Objective: Thoracic trauma may be a life-threatening condition. Flail chest is a severe chest injury with high mortality rates. Surgery is not frequently performed and, in Literature, data are controversial. The authors report their experience in the treatment of flail chest by an extracortical internal-external ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
93. Epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting: emergency department of Sina hospital in Tabriz-Iran

kavous Shahsavarinia; Ali Taghizadieh; Amir Ghaffarzad; Amin Shariati; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 18-21

Abstract
  Objective: Scorpion is one of the world’s most venomous arthropods and every year many people are bitten by it. In Iran, scorpion sting is a common health issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting in the emergency department ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
94. Survival and outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation; a descriptive study in Iran

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Elham Memari; Majid Shojaee; Hossein Alimohammadi; Hamid Kariman; Ali Shahrami; Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk3

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 22-25

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been known in its present form since 1960. Different studies have reported variable outcomes among different countries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the rate of CPR success and the survival rate in managing cardiac arrest among ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
95. Demographic status of married females with suicide attempts referred to the emergency department of Sina Hospital in Tabriz-Iran

Shiva Salmasi; Navideh Robai; Hanieh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farzad Rahmani; Farnaz Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 26-29

Abstract
  Objective: According to the definition of World Health Organization (WHO), attempting suicide is an act that a person intentionally and without others’ interference shows an abnormal behavior (such as harming themselves or eating a drug higher than treatment dose) and his objective is realizing ...  Read More

Critical Care
96. A catheter malpositioned patient with pain and paresthesia

Akbar Fadaei Haghi; Rouya Shokri; Samad Shams Vahdati; Farid Eftekhar Milani; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 30-31

Abstract
  We report a 54-year-old woman with the history of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who was admitted to our hospital because of volume overload. Due to long-term use of peripheral veins and arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure, central venous catheterization was the only choice for hemodialysis. She developed ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
97. Early preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome in a 20 week pregnant patient

Fatemeh Keighobadi Khajeh; Gholamreza Fareedalaee; Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 32-33

Abstract
   The first time Weinstein in 1982 described patients with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) in pregnant preeclamptic and eclamptic patients. This syndrome is a severe form of preeclampsia or eclampsia. Usually HELLP syndrome occurs at the third trimester ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
98. The value of lab findings in early diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia

Rouzbeh Rajaei Ghafouri; Saeed Shahbazi; Changiz Gholipour; Samad Shams Vahdati; Manouchehr khoshbaten; Amir Ghaffarzad; Respina Jalilian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 46-49

Abstract
  Objective: Acute mesenteric ischemia (IMA) is a vascular emergency with broad variability of clinical presentations and non-specific laboratory findings. Therefore, there is a significant need for reliable serological markers of ischemia. Various laboratory studies may be performed for suspected AMI, ...  Read More

Critical Care
99. Association of base deficit with mortality in pediatric trauma

Maryam Ziaee; Amirhossein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 50-54

Abstract
   Objective: To evaluate the association of base deficit (BD) with mortality in traumatized children, and to assess this association in a subgroup of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).   Methods: In this cross-sectional study performed prospectively on a convenience sample of patients ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
100. Wasp stings (Vespa affinis) induced acute kidney injury following rhabdomyolysis in a 25-year-old woman.

Parash Ullah; Alamgir Chowdhury; Ishrat Tahsin Isha; Sultan Mahmood; Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury; Mohammad Zeesan-ul- Abir; Aziz Al Manna; Muhammad Ismail Patwary

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 55-57

Abstract
   Wasp sting is a relatively common arthropod assault. This usually results in pain and mild allergic reactions, but sometimes may cause severe systemic reaction and multiorgan dysfunction including rhabdomyolysis, hemolysis, coagulopathy, hepatic, renal and cardiac complications. Along with several ...  Read More