Emergency medicine
Pediatric upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children: etiology and treatment approaches

Esra Polat; Nevzat Aykut Bayrak; Günsel Kutluk; Hasret Ayyıldız Civan

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 59-62

Abstract
  Objective: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is one of the most important and serious cause of emergency admission in childhood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the etiological factors and the treatment approaches in patients with UGB.Methods: In this retrospective study, children with UGB admitted ...  Read More

Trauma
Abdominal trauma in a semi-urban tertiary health institution

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Olusoga Olusola Akute; Amarachuku Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; David Brown Ajibola; Jide Michael Afolayan; Eyitayo Ebenezer Emmanuel

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 67-72

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a global increase in the incidence of abdominal trauma in surgical patients. We conducted this study to evaluate the pattern of abdominal injuries, patient characteristics and the management outcome in our setting.Methods: It was a descriptive (combined retrospective and prospective) ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Delirium treatment in intoxicated patients in ICU: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial

Javad Mesbahi; Shahin Shadnia; Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam; Nasim Zamani; Peyman Erfan Talab Evini; Delara Hazegh Fetratjoo; Alireza Kargar; Mitra Rahimi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 93-96

Abstract
  Objective: Delirium is one of the most common complications in patients admittedto intensive care units (ICUs). Delirium is a definite cause for more extended hospitalstays, higher mortality rates, and possibly persistent cognitive decline in the future.Antipsychotics have been frequently evaluated as ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Clubfoot management during COVID-19 times: An Indian scenario

Akash Singhal; Anil Kapoor

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 19 February 2022

Abstract
  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been universal and swift in its spread. As orthopaedic surgeons, for the most of us this timeframe has reduced our activity to emergency and trauma cases only, with virtual outpatient clinics and no elective surgeries. With some of the common deformity ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Assessing the effectiveness of ketorolac in pain management of traumatic injuries in prehospital emergency care services

Seyyed Meysam Amini; Mehriyar Yoldashkhan; Sima Zohari; Malihe Nasiri; Zahra Mousavi; Seyed Mohammad Amini

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 8-12

Abstract
  Objective: Pain is usually one of the most common symptoms among all traumatic injuries. One of the drugs that has recently entered the Iranian prehospital emergency system is ketorolac. Ketorolac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by inhibiting cyclooxygenase ...  Read More

emergency nursing
Evaluating the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage using emergency severity index triage in Sina hospital of Tabriz: a cross-sectional analysis

Farzad Rahmani; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farnaz Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 9-13

Abstract
   Objective: Triage refers to the evaluation and categorization of patients for better management to deliver services. A good triage system should be able to accurately specify the patients who require urgent care. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The prevalence of low back pain among nurses working in Poursina hospital in Rasht, Iran

payman Asadi; Vahid Monsef Kasmaei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Behzad Zohrevandi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 11-15

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is the most common skeletal disorder worldwide that 50% to 80% of people experience it at least once in their lifetime. Physical and psychological factors in the work environment can relatively contribute to low back pain. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low back ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Evaluating the diagnostic value of nitrite test in comparison with U/S results in patients with urinary tract infection symptoms: A cross-sectional study

Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Fatemeh Maleki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 13-17

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of nitrite test in comparison with urine culture (U/C) results in patients with Urinary tract infection (UTI) symptoms.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 203 patients with UTI symptoms. Middle urine sample was ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasonography and radiography for calcaneal fractures in the emergency department

Majid Zamani; Maliheh Mazaheri; Farhad Heydari; Babak Masoumi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 17-21

Abstract
  Objective: Ultrasonography (US) is not the method of choice for the diagnosis of calcaneal fractures. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of US with plain radiography in the diagnosis of calcaneus fractures following blunt ankle and foot trauma. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

OB/GYN
Comparative evaluation of neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour between Iranian and Afghan ethnicities

Aboutaleb Beigi; Alireza Mazinanian; Mansour Ashrafinia; Alireza Baratloo; Saeed Safari

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 19-21

Abstract
  Objective: There are major differences in neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour among different ethnicities. The present study compared the neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour between the Iranian and Afghan ethnicities. Methods: Neonatal and obstetrics problems were evaluated in Iranian ...  Read More

Surgery
Comparing the early function and complications between fluoroscopic guidance and blindly insertion of permanent hemodialysis catheter

Nasser Malekpour Alamdari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Barmak Gholizadeh; Shima Nayebian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 19-22

Abstract
  Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complicated kidney defect causing permanent failure in renal function in progressive stages. Hemodialysis is the most accepted treatment to maintain body’s fluid/electrolyte homeostasis at the terminal stages of the disease. Permanent hemodialysis catheter ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Survival and outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation; a descriptive study in Iran

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Elham Memari; Majid Shojaee; Hossein Alimohammadi; Hamid Kariman; Ali Shahrami; Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk3

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 22-25

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been known in its present form since 1960. Different studies have reported variable outcomes among different countries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the rate of CPR success and the survival rate in managing cardiac arrest among ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Calculation of plasma chloride levels using blood gas measurements

Reza Hashemi; Alireza Majidi; Ali Tabatabaey; Sadrollah Mahmoudi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: Chloride is the major plasma anion. There are several methods available for the determination of serum chloride levels. Unfortunately these methods are sometimes not available in the urgent setting where values are needed. Here we describe a formula for estimating plasma chloride levels. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The value of lab findings in early diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia

Rouzbeh Rajaei Ghafouri; Saeed Shahbazi; Changiz Gholipour; Samad Shams Vahdati; Manouchehr khoshbaten; Amir Ghaffarzad; Respina Jalilian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 46-49

Abstract
  Objective: Acute mesenteric ischemia (IMA) is a vascular emergency with broad variability of clinical presentations and non-specific laboratory findings. Therefore, there is a significant need for reliable serological markers of ischemia. Various laboratory studies may be performed for suspected AMI, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A clinical study investigating the three months prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and its effective factors

Vahid Abbasi; Abolfazl Atalu; Afshan Sharghi; Fatemeh Taghvatalab

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 47-50

Abstract
  Objective: Currently, treating ischemic stroke by intravenous thrombolytic therapy has acceptable results in patients with stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the three months prognosis of patients treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA).Methods: This cross-sectional prospective ...  Read More

emergency nursing
One-day triage course for nurses, it is essential

Ramin Azhough; Samad Shams Vahdati; Fariba Faraji; Malihe Faraji; Maryam Ghorbanian; Ali Ramouz; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 52-55

Abstract
  Objective: Triage procedure is one of the most important aspects of emergency departments as it has an undeniable role on the management of patients. It includes 5 categories based on the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) according to the condition of severity. For better decision making and management, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Investigating the relationship between how a chief complaint is expressed and the patient workflow

Sajjad Ahmadi; Niloufar Pouresmaeil; Farima Najjarian; Samad Shams Vahdati; Maryam Rahimpour Asenjan; Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 63-67

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency departments and hospital emergency departments are important due to their critical role in providing urgent medical care to patients in dire need of medical interventions. Checking bottlenecks in new conditions and planning to reduce bed occupancy and hospitalization is needed. The ...  Read More

Internal Medicine
Prevalence and pattern of hypertension and effect of body mass index on blood pressure in six communities of Biase LGA In Cross River, Nigeria

Lawson Ekpe; Kingsley Osuji

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 73-76

Abstract
  Objective: Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, renal failure, and heart failure globally. This trend of complications has been seen even among our rural and urban dwellers in the tropics. This study aims at determining the prevalence and pattern of hypertension and body mass index (BMI) in ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The effect of a short ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting

Anita Sabzghabaei; Fariba Farahi; Masoud Ghanbari Boroujeni; Hamidreza Hatamabadi

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 97-100

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an ultrasound training course on the performance of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) in terms of using extended-focused assessment with sonography in trauma (E-FAST) in the pre-hospital setting.Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 20 October 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Pattern of injuries in blunt trauma abdomen: A retrospective evaluation of imaging findings at a high-volume tertiary care trauma centre

Vikas Bhatia; Suzanne Koshi; Varun Bansal; Uma Debi; Lokesh Singh; Manavjit Singh Sandhu

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 13-18

Abstract
  Objective: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) is the investigation of choice in trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the pattern, severity and association of abdominal injuries based on imaging at a high-volume tertiary trauma care centre. Methods: Retrospective ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
The effect of training on the management of nuclear disasters by emergency department nurses and physicians

Alireza Ala; Farzad Rahmani; Reza Aslzad; Zahra Parsian

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 14-17

Abstract
  Objective: On account of the widespread use of nuclear energy in different fields, nuclear accidents and disasters have been on a rise. Thus, it is crucial for medical staff especially emergency department personnel to be aware of the nature of these accidents. This study was designed to evaluate the ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Evaluation of clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in primary knee osteoarthritis

Bita Abbasi; Masoud Pezeshki-Rad; Mozhdeh Amini; Mahdi Foroughian; Maryam Sahebari; Sirous Nekooei; Reza Akhvan

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 18-22

Abstract
  Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the clinical symptoms and sonographic characteristics of femoral trochlear cartilage in patients with knee joint osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 94 patients with painful primary knee OA according to the American ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The impact of the coordinating nurse role on patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a semi-experimental study

Mojtaba Samimi; Arash Safaie; Mehran Sotoodehnia; Fatemeh Rasooli; Atefeh Abdollahi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 22-27

Abstract
  Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the role of an emergency nurse coordinator (ENC) in improving patient satisfaction at the emergency department (ED) in Tehran, Iran.Methods: This was an interventional study in the field of ED management. This study was undertaken in the ED of Sina hospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The effect of 24-hour presence of emergency medicine specialists on the performance of emergency department of Shahid Bahonar hospital, Kerman/Iran, 2013

Mohammad Reza Amiresmaili; Mahmood Nekooi Moghadam; Amin Saberi Nia; Rahil Ghorbani Nia

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency department is the most important part of a hospital and it seems that 24-hour presence of emergency medicine specialist can be effective in improving the performance of this ward. Therefore, the present study was performed with the aim of studying the effect of 24-hour presence of ...  Read More