Letter to Editor Emergency Medical Services
1. Catatonia: extinct, lost, or forgotten?

Forouzan Elyasi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 38-39

Abstract
  Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs in some primary psychiatric disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, mood disorders), or due to general medical conditions (e.g., neurological disorders, drug poisoning, metabolic disorders) (1). Although it is uncommon, but if it goes unrecognized in medical ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Cardiology
2. Does it require to exclude cardiobiliary reflex in every acute coronary syndrome follow up patient with bedside ultrasound on emergency department

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara; Mustafa Topuz

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 40-41

Abstract
   In emergency department, physicians can diagnose pulseless electrical activity, asystole, pericardial effusions, ischemic heart disease, wall motion abnormalities, valvular cardiac disease volume status or global cardiac function evaluating with electrocardiographic findings or using bedside cardiac ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Calculation of plasma chloride levels using blood gas measurements

Reza Hashemi; Alireza Majidi; Ali Tabatabaey; Sadrollah Mahmoudi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: Chloride is the major plasma anion. There are several methods available for the determination of serum chloride levels. Unfortunately these methods are sometimes not available in the urgent setting where values are needed. Here we describe a formula for estimating plasma chloride levels. Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
4. Types of trauma in different seasons in patients referred to Imam Reza Hospital Trauma Center

Samad Shams Vahdati; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Sarvin Dalil; Paria Habibollahi; Behzad Yousefi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 46-48

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is a disease of modern societies and one of the reasons for the deaths of all ages in those societies. It is estimated that each year about 8.5 million people worldwide lose their lives as a result of trauma. Among the types of injuries around the world, road accidents are more common. ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the emergency department

Seyed Hossein Ojaghi Haghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Tarannom Mahmoudie; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 49-52

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in the prevention of death or delaying it in a person with cardiac arrest. In this regard, demographic information about patients who need CPR is vital. Methods: In this cross-sectional study patients with cardiopulmonary ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency Medical Services
6. Surgical management of cardiac tamponade: Is left anterior minithoracotomy really safe and effective?

Mirko Barone; Marco Prioletta; Giuseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Pierpaolo Camplese; Felice Mucilli

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 53-58

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening clinical entity that requires an emergency treatment. Cardiac tamponade can be caused both by benign and malignant diseases. A variety of methods have been described for the treatment of these cases from needle-guided pericardiocentesis, balloon-based ...  Read More

Original Article emergency nursing
7. The prevalence of personality disorders in nurses: role of the workplace environment

Sahar Mirbaha; Parvin Kashani; Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Afshin Amini; Farahnaz Meschi; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 59-63

Abstract
  Objective: Personality disorder is a multi-factorial condition in which workplace stress plays a significant role. This study was undertaken due to scarcity of information regarding the role of workplace stress which can cause personality disorder among nurses. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ...  Read More

Case Report Trauma
8. Lateral condyle fracture with concomitant postero-medial elbow dislocation in a child: a case report

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Simultaneous combination of fracture of the lateral condyle and postero-medial elbow dislocation is a rare event and limited to few reports or case series in the literature. Rarity of the injury also necessitates judicious diagnosis and appropriate management to ensure optimal functional outcome. Various ...  Read More

Case Report Pediatrics
9. Intussusceptions due to trauma in a 17-month-old infant

Haleh Mousavi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 66-67

Abstract
  Invagination is a kind of intestine disease in children and it is occurred between 2 upto 14 years old. This is a report of 17 months infant with intussusception due to trauma. The patient had admitted to emergency department because of motor vehicle accident and because of abdominal pain, abdominal ...  Read More

Case Report Trauma
10. Carotid artery thrombosis and cerebral infarction after multiple traumas

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Bahman Naghipour; Sajjad Ahmadi; Seyed Hesam Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 68-70

Abstract
  Carotid artery thrombosis and concomitant brain infarction after blunt trauma are rare conditions. We report a 34-year-old woman with multiple traumas due to pedestrian car accident. At the time of initial visiting, she was somnolent and her Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score was 14. Initial vital signs ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
11. Two year-old boy with ischemic stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 71-72

Abstract
  Arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in adults is considered a serious health threat and requires urgent medical treatment. Prompt diagnosis allows the therapeutic option of thrombolysis within the time window of 3 to 6 hours after first symptoms. Alternatively, early anti-platelet therapy is effective in ...  Read More

Case Report environmental emergencies
12. For whom the desert bell tolls: heat stroke or stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 73-74

Abstract
         Heat stroke is the most complicated and dangerous amongst heat injuries that can lead to irreversible injury and even death with itself or with creating predisposibility to different diseases. The following case report depicts a patient who presented primarily with impairment ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
13. A patient with a traumatic brain injury due to barrel bomb tertiary blast effect

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara; Aydın Sarıhan

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, Pages 75-76

Abstract
   Preparing to manage weapons of mass destruction events challenges emergency services systems neighboring Syria every day. Understanding injury from explosives is essential for all providers of emergency care in both civilian and military settings. In this case, the authors present a 22-year-old ...  Read More