Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
1. The five preferences for post-traumatic SAH

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Huber Padilla-Zambrano; Yancarlos Ramos-Villegas; Amit Agrawal; Andres M. Rubiano

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 1-1

Abstract
  Acute traumatic brain injury is a worldwide public health crisis. Post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a finding that is present at a frequency of 40% according to data from American TCDB (1,2). Among the mechanisms that have been implicated as causes of post-traumatic SAH is the cortical ...  Read More

short communication Emergency Medical Services
2. Health systems research initiative to tackle growing road traffic injuries in India

Bontha V Babu; Yogita Sharma

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 2-7

Abstract
  Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the sixth leading cause of deaths in India and about 400 deaths take place every day due to road traffic accidents. The present paper analyses the data of the India’s National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) to assess the burden of RTI. In addition, it reports the health ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran

Ali Imani; Jalal Borna; Ali Alami; Shahla Khosravan; Hadi Hasankhani; Mostafa Bafandeh Zende

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 8-13

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is one of the most important job injuries among emergency medical personnel. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of low back pain as well as its physical, mental and managerial predisposing factors among emergency medical personnel in Iran.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
4. FAST and abnormal urinalysis: the effective screening tools in pediatric abdominal trauma

Majid Zamani; Farhad Heydari; Mehrdad Esmailian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 14-18

Abstract
  Objective: The present study examines the diagnostic accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography and urinalysis test in children with blunt abdominal trauma, compared with CT scan. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound and urinalysis test with CT scan as a golden standard ...  Read More

Original Article Surgery
5. Comparing the early function and complications between fluoroscopic guidance and blindly insertion of permanent hemodialysis catheter

Nasser Malekpour Alamdari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Barmak Gholizadeh; Shima Nayebian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 19-22

Abstract
  Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complicated kidney defect causing permanent failure in renal function in progressive stages. Hemodialysis is the most accepted treatment to maintain body’s fluid/electrolyte homeostasis at the terminal stages of the disease. Permanent hemodialysis catheter ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
6. Pattern and risk factors of acute poisoning in a tertiary hospital of Central Bangladesh

Mohammad Rafiqul Islam; Sarmistha Biswas; Syed Zakir Hossain; Nafizul Islam; Gourab Dewan; Mohammad Robed Amin

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 23-28

Abstract
  Objective: Acute poisoning is a common cause of hospital admission in Bangladesh. But, risk factors and characteristics of victims of different modes of poisoning have not been evaluated for possible intervention strategies. So, in this study we aimed to describe the pattern of acute poisoning in central ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
7. Accidental intravenous bolus infusion of potassium chloride in a young man with hypokalemic periodic paralysis

Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Gholamreza Faridaalaee

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 29-31

Abstract
  Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is anautosomal dominantdisease characterized by muscle weakness or paralysis with a matching fall in blood potassium levels. Paralysis attacks often occur in adolescence and are induced by strenuous exercise followed by rest, high carbohydrateor high sodiummeal content, ...  Read More

Case Report Critical Care
8. Cardiovascular complications and acute ischemic stroke after the treatment with epinephrine in an anaphylactic patient

Ataman Köse; Akif Yarkaç; Gülten Bozali; Seyran Bozkurt Babuş; Ersin Altınsoy

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, Pages 32-34

Abstract
  Anaphylaxis is a serious clinical condition that can affect all ages and many systems (skin, gastrointestinal system, respiratory and cardiovascular systems). There are a few case reports of cardiac and cerebrovascular complications due to the anaphylaxis and/or the treatment with epinephrine. A 69-year-old ...  Read More