Emergency Medical Services
1. A brief review of some strange and unusual poisoning in children

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Bita Dadpour

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 November 2019

Abstract
  The Clinical Toxicology Center in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad is the referral center of poisonings in the East of Iran and many cases of poisoned children are referred to this center and some cases are admitted.In this letter we report some specific, strange and unusual poisonings in children admitted ...  Read More

Trauma
2. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 October 2019

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
3. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Trauma
4. An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
5. Initial documented rhythm as a predictor of survivalto-discharge rate after in-hospital cardiac arrest in a tertiary care referral institute, South India: an observational study

Surendar Ravipragasam; Deepika Chandar; Vinay R Pandit

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Objective: Survival-to-discharge rates following in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) patients remain significantly low. The use of initial documented cardiac rhythm as predictor of Survival-to-discharge is still unclear. This study aimed to assess whether the initial documented rhythm can be used as a ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
6. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
7. The financial burden of imaging tests conducted in the emergency department of a teaching hospital: a brief report

Sahar Mirbaha; Mohammadmehd Forouzanfar; Amin Saberinia; Amir Salimi; Hamid Kariman; Mozhgan Farmahini Farahani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Objective: Each imaging technique has a special application and usage, and should be used in the right situation. Physicians choose the type of imaging technique by considering the type of tissue and the benefits and disadvantages of the imaging method as well as its financial burden on the patient. ...  Read More

Trauma
8. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
9. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Trauma
10. MRI findings in patients with blunt cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports

Hassan Amiri; Mojtaba Chardoli; Maryam Sarvari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Niloufar Ghodrati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 56-60

Abstract
  Objective: This study investigates the possible magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with cervical trauma having a normal level of consciousness and normal CT reports. These patients have tenderness or an uncomfortable feeling in the traumatized area as well.Methods: In this cross-sectional ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
11. Satisfaction with the performance of emergency medical services: a case study in Tabriz

Fereshteh Jamali; Haniyeh Ebrahimibakhtavar; Mahbubeh Zomordi Torkdari; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Objective: Assessing patients’ satisfaction with emergency medical services (EMSs) is an important managerial point of view. The present study aimed to assess the patients’ satisfaction with EMS in Tabriz, Iran.Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study that was done in the prehospital ...  Read More

Trauma
12. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Trauma
13. “Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Trauma
14. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
15. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in various specialty areas in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Samuel Olufemi Bolarinde; Isaiah Oyewole; Adesola Felix Abobarin

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major complaints in the work place. This study investigated the prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs, risk factors and the strategies of management among nurses working in various specialty areas in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
16. Health systems research initiative to tackle growing road traffic injuries in India

Bontha V Babu; Yogita Sharma

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 2-7

Abstract
  Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the sixth leading cause of deaths in India and about 400 deaths take place every day due to road traffic accidents. The present paper analyses the data of the India’s National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) to assess the burden of RTI. In addition, it reports the health ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
17. The ability of the emergency medical service personnel to take patients’ medical history

Ali Sadrollahi; Adeleh Gharataghani; Mehdi Mahmoudi; Fardaneh Gholipour

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 55-61

Abstract
  Objective: The key point to detect patients’ need in pre-hospital emergency is to have high ability to take medical history. All research findings show that this ability is low. The objective of this research is to investigate the ability to take medical history of patients among the personnel ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
18. Brain multi-infarct and decompression sickness

Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar; Guru Dutta Satyarthee; Nidia Escobar Hernandez; Jorge Aquino Matus; Willem Guillermo Calderon-Miranda; Marco Antonio Blancas-Varas; Johana Maraby; Joulen Mo-Carrascal

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 53-54

Abstract
  Scuba diving is associated with an important risk of devel­oping decompression sickness secondary to formation of gas bubbles inside the body. The latter is formed mainly by nitrogen in the body on the diver’s way to the surface (1,2). In some cases, it might injure the central nervous system. ...  Read More

Trauma
19. Munchausen syndrome as scorpion biting:a misdiagnosis

Reza Bidaki; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Mohamad Amin Sharifi; Seyed Nader Mostafavi; Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Davarani

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 86-88

Abstract
  Factitious disorder as Munchausen syndrome is a time and money consuming condition that is presented with different signs and symptoms. In emergent situations, it is not a differential diagnosis with high priority, but when it becomes recurrent with atypical symptoms, factitious disorder and malingering ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
20. Patients’ satisfaction towards medical services at the emergency department of European Gaza Hospital- Gaza Strip

Hammoda Abu-Odah; Akram Abu Salah; Ali El-Khateeb; Khawla El-Nems

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Objective: Patients’ satisfaction (PS) is recognized as an important emergency department service design and it has received a high interest and attention in the health management where many studies have focused on determining factors affecting PS in health-related circumstances. In this study, ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
21. Epidemiological study of pregnant women admitted to the emergency department

Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Simin Taghavi; Aydin Rahimzade Jahandari; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Pregnancy is an important psychological and biological phenomenon in women’s life. Pregnancy has many complications jeopardizing the well-being of the mother and the child. Methods: In this retrospective study, the data including demographic information, chief complaint, the initial ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
22. The effect of training on the management of nuclear disasters by emergency department nurses and physicians

Alireza Ala; Farzad Rahmani; Reza Aslzad; Zahra Parsian

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 14-17

Abstract
  Objective: On account of the widespread use of nuclear energy in different fields, nuclear accidents and disasters have been on a rise. Thus, it is crucial for medical staff especially emergency department personnel to be aware of the nature of these accidents. This study was designed to evaluate the ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
23. Factors predicting patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a single-center study

Somaye Younesian; Reza Shirvani; Ali Tabatabaey

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 3-8

Abstract
  Objective: Patient satisfaction (PS) is a major quality assessment index for the emergency department (ED) which affects patient safety, litigation, reimbursements, and consumer satisfaction. In this study we aimed to recognize the factors affecting PS in our center. Method: Random shifts during a week ...  Read More

Trauma
24. The relationship between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder and trauma in adolescents

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar; Saeed Aslanabadi; Nasim Rashedi; Mehrnaz Dadkhah; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Gharehziaaddin

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 18-23

Abstract
  Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent and impairing levels of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Evidence shows that adolescents with ADHD are more exposed to trauma. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptom severity ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
25. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More