Emergency medicine
26. Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran

Ali Imani; Jalal Borna; Ali Alami; Shahla Khosravan; Hadi Hasankhani; Mostafa Bafandeh Zende

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 8-13

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is one of the most important job injuries among emergency medical personnel. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of low back pain as well as its physical, mental and managerial predisposing factors among emergency medical personnel in Iran.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
27. Effect of oral tizanidine on prolongation of intrathecal lidocaine

Arman Taheri; Morteza Hashemian; Mehrdad Noroozi; Mohammad Bakhtiari; Mohammad Reza Doroodian; Shirin Salajegheh

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 62-66

Abstract
  Objective: In order to prolong the duration of intrathecal lidocaine, various drugs are used along with it. Due to the promising effects of tizanidine on central nervous system, it can be assumed that tizanidine can have a positive effect on increasing the anesthesia duration too. Thus, we aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
28. Satisfaction with the performance of emergency medical services: a case study in Tabriz

Fereshteh Jamali; Haniyeh Ebrahimibakhtavar; Mahbubeh Zomordi Torkdari; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Objective: Assessing patients’ satisfaction with emergency medical services (EMSs) is an important managerial point of view. The present study aimed to assess the patients’ satisfaction with EMS in Tabriz, Iran.Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study that was done in the prehospital ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
29. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Pediatrics
30. Pediatric upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children: etiology and treatment approaches

Esra Polat; Nevzat Aykut Bayrak; Günsel Kutluk; Hasret Ayyıldız Civan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 April 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is one of the most important and serious cause of emergency admission in childhood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the etiological factors and the treatment approaches in patients with UGB.Methods: In this retrospective study, children with UGB admitted ...  Read More

Procedure
31. A comparative study on effective factors on consent to organ donation among families of brain death victims in Isfahan, 2013

Fereshte Zamani; Hydar Ali Abedi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 13-18

Abstract
  Objective: According to the previous studies, several social, cultural, and organizational factors are involved in the decision of families of brain death victims for organ donation. The present study was performed to determine the effective factors in the decision of organ donation among families of ...  Read More

Trauma
32. Characteristics of road traffic injuries in the second largest city of Iran

Davood Soroush; Morteza Talebi Deloei; Hamidreza Reihani; Vida Vakili; Azadeh Mahmoodi Gharaee; Azadeh Tafakori; Reza Farahmand Rad; Elham Pishbin

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 48-51

Abstract
  Objective: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the second leading causes of death in Iran. One of the most important steps in the prevention of traffic-related trauma and its consequences is gaining insight into the epidemiology of injuries. We conducted this study to describe the characteristics of RTIs ...  Read More

Internal Medicine
33. Identifying high and low serum-ascites albumin gradient in ascitic fluid by the point of care dipstick test

Leyli Asadabadi; Mohmmad Mehdy Heiran; Amirhosein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 7-10

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the capability of ascitic fluid dipstick results for pH, glucose, and protein in order to predict a low serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) at the bedside of the patient in the emergency department (ED). Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted during one ...  Read More

environmental emergencies
34. Air pollution and hospital admission in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Tehran, Iran

Hassan Amiri; Ali Bidari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Nilofar Ghodrati; Tayeb Ramim; Masoumeh Emamverdy

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: There are many communities at risk by a series of air pollution episodes. Tehran is one of the most polluted cities in the world. The presence of one or more air pollutants with a certain concentration in a particular period of time can cause several adverse effects on human and animals’ ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
35. Epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting: emergency department of Sina hospital in Tabriz-Iran

kavous Shahsavarinia; Ali Taghizadieh; Amir Ghaffarzad; Amin Shariati; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2017, , Pages 18-21

Abstract
  Objective: Scorpion is one of the world’s most venomous arthropods and every year many people are bitten by it. In Iran, scorpion sting is a common health issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting in the emergency department ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
36. Factors predicting patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a single-center study

Somaye Younesian; Reza Shirvani; Ali Tabatabaey

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 3-8

Abstract
  Objective: Patient satisfaction (PS) is a major quality assessment index for the emergency department (ED) which affects patient safety, litigation, reimbursements, and consumer satisfaction. In this study we aimed to recognize the factors affecting PS in our center. Method: Random shifts during a week ...  Read More

Trauma
37. Abdominal trauma in a semi-urban tertiary health institution

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Olusoga Olusola Akute; Amarachuku Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; David Brown Ajibola; Jide Michael Afolayan; Eyitayo Ebenezer Emmanuel

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 67-72

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a global increase in the incidence of abdominal trauma in surgical patients. We conducted this study to evaluate the pattern of abdominal injuries, patient characteristics and the management outcome in our setting.Methods: It was a descriptive (combined retrospective and prospective) ...  Read More

Trauma
38. FAST and abnormal urinalysis: the effective screening tools in pediatric abdominal trauma

Majid Zamani; Farhad Heydari; Mehrdad Esmailian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 14-18

Abstract
  Objective: The present study examines the diagnostic accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography and urinalysis test in children with blunt abdominal trauma, compared with CT scan. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound and urinalysis test with CT scan as a golden standard ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
39. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in various specialty areas in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Samuel Olufemi Bolarinde; Isaiah Oyewole; Adesola Felix Abobarin

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major complaints in the work place. This study investigated the prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs, risk factors and the strategies of management among nurses working in various specialty areas in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
40. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Trauma
41. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 September 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

OB/GYN
42. Comparative evaluation of neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour between Iranian and Afghan ethnicities

Aboutaleb Beigi; Alireza Mazinanian; Mansour Ashrafinia; Alireza Baratloo; Saeed Safari

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 19-21

Abstract
  Objective: There are major differences in neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour among different ethnicities. The present study compared the neonatal and obstetrics outcomes of labour between the Iranian and Afghan ethnicities. Methods: Neonatal and obstetrics problems were evaluated in Iranian ...  Read More

Trauma
43. One-day triage course for nurses, it is essential

Ramin Azhough; Samad Shams Vahdati; Fariba Faraji; Malihe Faraji; Maryam Ghorbanian; Ali Ramouz; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 52-55

Abstract
  Objective: Triage procedure is one of the most important aspects of emergency departments as it has an undeniable role on the management of patients. It includes 5 categories based on the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) according to the condition of severity. For better decision making and management, ...  Read More

Trauma
44. The prevalence of low back pain among nurses working in Poursina hospital in Rasht, Iran

payman Asadi; Vahid Monsef Kasmaei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Behzad Zohrevandi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 11-15

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is the most common skeletal disorder worldwide that 50% to 80% of people experience it at least once in their lifetime. Physical and psychological factors in the work environment can relatively contribute to low back pain. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low back ...  Read More

Internal Medicine
45. The value of lab findings in early diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia

Rouzbeh Rajaei Ghafouri; Saeed Shahbazi; Changiz Gholipour; Samad Shams Vahdati; Manouchehr khoshbaten; Amir Ghaffarzad; Respina Jalilian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 46-49

Abstract
  Objective: Acute mesenteric ischemia (IMA) is a vascular emergency with broad variability of clinical presentations and non-specific laboratory findings. Therefore, there is a significant need for reliable serological markers of ischemia. Various laboratory studies may be performed for suspected AMI, ...  Read More

emergency nursing
46. Survival and outcomes following cardiopulmonary resuscitation; a descriptive study in Iran

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Elham Memari; Majid Shojaee; Hossein Alimohammadi; Hamid Kariman; Ali Shahrami; Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk3

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2017, , Pages 22-25

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been known in its present form since 1960. Different studies have reported variable outcomes among different countries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the rate of CPR success and the survival rate in managing cardiac arrest among ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
47. Calculation of plasma chloride levels using blood gas measurements

Reza Hashemi; Alireza Majidi; Ali Tabatabaey; Sadrollah Mahmoudi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: Chloride is the major plasma anion. There are several methods available for the determination of serum chloride levels. Unfortunately these methods are sometimes not available in the urgent setting where values are needed. Here we describe a formula for estimating plasma chloride levels. Methods: ...  Read More

emergency nursing
48. Evaluating the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage using emergency severity index triage in Sina hospital of Tabriz: a cross-sectional analysis

Farzad Rahmani; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farnaz Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 9-13

Abstract
   Objective: Triage refers to the evaluation and categorization of patients for better management to deliver services. A good triage system should be able to accurately specify the patients who require urgent care. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of emergency nurses in correct triage ...  Read More

Internal Medicine
49. Prevalence and pattern of hypertension and effect of body mass index on blood pressure in six communities of Biase LGA In Cross River, Nigeria

Lawson Ekpe; Kingsley Osuji

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 73-76

Abstract
  Objective: Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, renal failure, and heart failure globally. This trend of complications has been seen even among our rural and urban dwellers in the tropics. This study aims at determining the prevalence and pattern of hypertension and body mass index (BMI) in ...  Read More

Surgery
50. Comparing the early function and complications between fluoroscopic guidance and blindly insertion of permanent hemodialysis catheter

Nasser Malekpour Alamdari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Barmak Gholizadeh; Shima Nayebian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 19-22

Abstract
  Objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a complicated kidney defect causing permanent failure in renal function in progressive stages. Hemodialysis is the most accepted treatment to maintain body’s fluid/electrolyte homeostasis at the terminal stages of the disease. Permanent hemodialysis catheter ...  Read More