Emergency medicine
Sudden calf swelling and pseudo-thrombophlebitis in rheumatoid arthritis: an uncommon emergency spot diagnosis

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 01 June 2022

Abstract
  A 52-year-old male presented with atraumatic left side calf swelling for the last three months. The swelling had acute onset and increased gradually in size. He had a history of rheumatoid arthritis with treatment options limited to physiotherapy sessions and pain medication as he could not continue ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Comparing the effects of pethidine and diclofenac suppository on patients with renal colic in the emergency department

Ali Taherinia; Soodeh Shahsavari; Azadeh Heidarpour; Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaii; Afsson Vahdat

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Renal colic is a common cause of emergency room visits. Due to the spontaneous passage of more than 90% of kidney stones, treatment in the emergency department (ED) is limited to pain control. Analgesics currently used are selected based on physician experiences and various theories from different ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in the ambulances and on-call emergency medical service personnel of Kashan city in Iran

Mohammad Paravar; Somaye Safavi; Razie Eghtesadi; Mahdi Mohamadzade; Mojtaba Sehat; Mohammadreza Fazel; Esmaeil Fakharian; Mohammadhosein Makki; Mahzad Erami; Tayebeh Taghipor; Abdolreza dayani najafabadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Emergency medical services systems are at the first line of dealing with patients who suffer from various infections. Conducting investigations on the bacterial contamination of emergency ambulances play a crucial role to improve the occupational health of staff as well as the quality of patient ...  Read More

Cardiology
Improving advanced cardiovascular life support skills in medical students: simulation-based education approach

Hamidreza Reihani; Niazmohammad Jafari; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Elham Pishbin; Ehsan Bolvardi; Veda Vakili

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 7-11

Abstract
  Objective: In this trial, we intend to assess the effect of simulation-based education approach on advanced cardiovascular life support skills among medical students. Methods: Through convenient sampling method, 40 interns of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in their emergency medicine rotation ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Audit of pediatric trauma in a secondary care urban public hospital

Harshit Shah; Bhavin P Vadodariya; Vibhuti Jaju; Sanjay Nagral; Nitin Borle; Manoj Jain

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 7-11

Abstract
  Objective: To study the demographic profile and outcomes of pediatric trauma victims.Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at a secondary care centre in urban India over 15 months. Permission from the local ethics body was obtained prior to the commencement of the study. Children under ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran

Ali Imani; Jalal Borna; Ali Alami; Shahla Khosravan; Hadi Hasankhani; Mostafa Bafandeh Zende

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 8-13

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is one of the most important job injuries among emergency medical personnel. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of low back pain as well as its physical, mental and managerial predisposing factors among emergency medical personnel in Iran.Methods: In this ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Crossed Kirschner’s wires for the treatment of anterior flail chest: an extracortical rib fixation

Felice Mucilli; Pierpaolo Camplese; Guiseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Luigi Guetti; Marco Perioletta; Mirko Barone

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 11-17

Abstract
  Objective: Thoracic trauma may be a life-threatening condition. Flail chest is a severe chest injury with high mortality rates. Surgery is not frequently performed and, in Literature, data are controversial. The authors report their experience in the treatment of flail chest by an extracortical internal-external ...  Read More

Trauma
Pre-hospital time intervals in trauma patient transportation by emergency medical service: association with the first 24-hour mortality

Afsaneh Esmaeili Ranjbar; Masoud Mayel; Mitra Movahedi; Faezeh Emaeili Ranjbar; Amirhossein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 37-41

Abstract
  Objective: Most previous retrospective studies failed to show a consistent association between pre-hospital time intervals and mortality in trauma patients, bringing the recommendation of “transport fast to increase survival” under question. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Satisfaction with the performance of emergency medical services: a case study in Tabriz

Fereshteh Jamali; Haniyeh Ebrahimibakhtavar; Mahbubeh Zomordi Torkdari; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Objective: Assessing patients’ satisfaction with emergency medical services (EMSs) is an important managerial point of view. The present study aimed to assess the patients’ satisfaction with EMS in Tabriz, Iran.Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic study that was done in the prehospital ...  Read More

Cardiology
Prognosis of emergency room stabilization of decompensated congestive heart failure with high dose lasix

Mahboob Pouraghaei; Behzad Mohammadi; Ali Taghizadeh; Paria Habibollahi; Payman Moharamzadeh

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Congestive heart failure (CHF) has become one of the most important health care problems in western countries. This article focuses on the outpatient diagnosis and management of heart failure. We want to compare the outcome of patients who were treated with high dose diuretics in the emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The investigation of valid criteria for hospitalization and discharge in patients with limb cellulitis: a prospective cohort study

Samaneh Abiri; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbar; Neema John Mehramiz; Naser Hatami; Abdol Ali Ameri; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 55-58

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a valid model for patients’ admission or discharge from emergency services to improve the health system and reduce costs.Methods: This study was carried out using a prospective cohort method. The study population was patients with limb cellulitis ...  Read More

Anesthesiology
Effect of oral tizanidine on prolongation of intrathecal lidocaine

Arman Taheri; Morteza Hashemian; Mehrdad Noroozi; Mohammad Bakhtiari; Mohammad Reza Doroodian; Shirin Salajegheh

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 62-66

Abstract
  Objective: In order to prolong the duration of intrathecal lidocaine, various drugs are used along with it. Due to the promising effects of tizanidine on central nervous system, it can be assumed that tizanidine can have a positive effect on increasing the anesthesia duration too. Thus, we aimed to investigate ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Diagnostic relevance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin in early detection of acute kidney injury

Madhusudhan Mahadevaiah; Murali Mohan Nidasale Thimmaiah; Venu Sashank Yerramsetty; Jeevan Kumar; Ranjith Kumar

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 88-92

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the predictive and diagnostic accuracy of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in acute kidney injury (AKI) and also to predict the renal replacement therapy (RRT) using NGAL as a marker.Methods: This prospective study was conducted among the patients admitted to intensive ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 September 2020

Abstract
  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
Factors predicting patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a single-center study

Somaye Younesian; Reza Shirvani; Ali Tabatabaey

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 3-8

Abstract
  Objective: Patient satisfaction (PS) is a major quality assessment index for the emergency department (ED) which affects patient safety, litigation, reimbursements, and consumer satisfaction. In this study we aimed to recognize the factors affecting PS in our center. Method: Random shifts during a week ...  Read More

Education
The effect of teacher-made simulation moulage on learning cricothyrotomy skills in emergency medicine physicians

Hamid Reza Moretza Bagi; Amir Ghaffarzad; Peyman Fathipour; Reza Yazdani; Zhila Khamnian; Sama Rahnemayan

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 3-7

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, simulation of clinical environment in medical education system (simulation-based learning) has led to a huge revolution in the quality of education and has increased the safety of educators and patients. In this study, we investigated the effect of teacher-made neck and lung simulators ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Identifying high and low serum-ascites albumin gradient in ascitic fluid by the point of care dipstick test

Leyli Asadabadi; Mohmmad Mehdy Heiran; Amirhosein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 7-10

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the capability of ascitic fluid dipstick results for pH, glucose, and protein in order to predict a low serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) at the bedside of the patient in the emergency department (ED). Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted during one ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 7-12

Abstract
  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance: A clinical trial study for pain management in emergency departments

Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Mohsen Ebrahimi; Mahdi Foroughian; Samaneh Khajeh Nasiri; Vahid Eslami; Saeideh Anavri Ardakani; Sayyed Reza Ahmadi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 12-16

Abstract
  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to assess the success rate of posterior tibial nerve block in the ankle with and without ultrasound guidance for pain management in emergency departments. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 80 individuals who needed posterior tibial nerve block ...  Read More

Ethics
A comparative study on effective factors on consent to organ donation among families of brain death victims in Isfahan, 2013

Fereshte Zamani; Hydar Ali Abedi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 13-18

Abstract
  Objective: According to the previous studies, several social, cultural, and organizational factors are involved in the decision of families of brain death victims for organ donation. The present study was performed to determine the effective factors in the decision of organ donation among families of ...  Read More

Trauma
FAST and abnormal urinalysis: the effective screening tools in pediatric abdominal trauma

Majid Zamani; Farhad Heydari; Mehrdad Esmailian

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 14-18

Abstract
  Objective: The present study examines the diagnostic accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography and urinalysis test in children with blunt abdominal trauma, compared with CT scan. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of ultrasound and urinalysis test with CT scan as a golden standard ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting: emergency department of Sina hospital in Tabriz-Iran

kavous Shahsavarinia; Ali Taghizadieh; Amir Ghaffarzad; Amin Shariati; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 18-21

Abstract
  Objective: Scorpion is one of the world’s most venomous arthropods and every year many people are bitten by it. In Iran, scorpion sting is a common health issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting in the emergency department ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in various specialty areas in a Nigerian tertiary health institution

Samuel Olufemi Bolarinde; Isaiah Oyewole; Adesola Felix Abobarin

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Objective: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the major complaints in the work place. This study investigated the prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs, risk factors and the strategies of management among nurses working in various specialty areas in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.Methods: ...  Read More

Critical Care
Air pollution and hospital admission in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Tehran, Iran

Hassan Amiri; Ali Bidari; Samad Shams Vahdati; Nilofar Ghodrati; Tayeb Ramim; Masoumeh Emamverdy

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 42-45

Abstract
  Objective: There are many communities at risk by a series of air pollution episodes. Tehran is one of the most polluted cities in the world. The presence of one or more air pollutants with a certain concentration in a particular period of time can cause several adverse effects on human and animals’ ...  Read More

Trauma
Characteristics of road traffic injuries in the second largest city of Iran

Davood Soroush; Morteza Talebi Deloei; Hamidreza Reihani; Vida Vakili; Azadeh Mahmoodi Gharaee; Azadeh Tafakori; Reza Farahmand Rad; Elham Pishbin

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 48-51

Abstract
  Objective: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the second leading causes of death in Iran. One of the most important steps in the prevention of traffic-related trauma and its consequences is gaining insight into the epidemiology of injuries. We conducted this study to describe the characteristics of RTIs ...  Read More