Emergency medicine
151. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 109-111

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
152. Oral ingestion of lidocaine for suicide: A case report

Maryam Adimolmasali; Ali Teimouri; Hamid Reza Mokhtar; Mahdi Foroughian; Parvin Zohoorian Sadr; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 135-136

Abstract
  Systemic toxemia with topical anesthetics could be fatal due to the use of anesthetics in various ways (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). Nowadays, topical anesthetics are used in inpatient and outpatient treatments. Despite its widespread usage, many physicians are not fully aware ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
153. Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
154. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Critical Care
155. Intussusceptions due to trauma in a 17-month-old infant

Haleh Mousavi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 66-67

Abstract
  Invagination is a kind of intestine disease in children and it is occurred between 2 upto 14 years old. This is a report of 17 months infant with intussusception due to trauma. The patient had admitted to emergency department because of motor vehicle accident and because of abdominal pain, abdominal ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
156. “Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
157. Penetrating trans-abdominal bamboo stick injury: An unusual case report

Lalit Kumar Bansal; Raja Bhanukiran; Poras Chaudhary; Arun Kumar Gupta

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 137-139

Abstract
  Objective: objectives: Penetrating abdominal trauma secondary to bamboo stick injury is a rare entity in the developed world. Most of such kind of trans abdominal penetrating bamboo stick injury is associated with multiple solid and hollow viscus injuries. In developing countries like India, where nearly ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
158. The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
159. Heart attack or rhabdomyolysis?

Mustafa Bolatkale; Muhittin İşsever; Ulaş Karaoğlu; Ahmet Cagdas Acara; Mehtap Bulut

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 51-52

Abstract
   Statins are commonly used drugs in the treatment of hyperlipidemia (HL), despite some undesirable side effects. These range from mild symptoms such as myopathy, muscle weakness and myalgia to severe muscle weakness associated with chronic myopathy and acute renal failure (ARF) as a result of rhabdomyolysis. ...  Read More

Infectious disease
160. Urologic oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic

Manas Sharma; Rajendra B Nerli; Shridhar C Ghagane

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 55-59

Abstract
  The COVID-19 pandemic will have numerous consequences in the management of patientswith genitourinary cancers. As we are struggling to best exploit our limited health-careresources in managing COVID-19 infected patients, we need to rethink our approach toprovide the best medical care for cancer patients ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
161. A Foodborne botulism Occurrence in Mashhad: Clostridium botulinum in local cheese

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Hamid Reza Kheradmand

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Objective: Clostridium botulinum is one of the most common life-threatening agents all around the world which produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). It may lead to morbidities such as paralysis and mortality after consuming canned tuna fish, local dairy products and home-preserved or commercial food. ...  Read More

Trauma
162. Carotid artery thrombosis and cerebral infarction after multiple traumas

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Bahman Naghipour; Sajjad Ahmadi; Seyed Hesam Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 68-70

Abstract
  Carotid artery thrombosis and concomitant brain infarction after blunt trauma are rare conditions. We report a 34-year-old woman with multiple traumas due to pedestrian car accident. At the time of initial visiting, she was somnolent and her Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score was 14. Initial vital signs ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
163. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a young man due to tramadol overdose

Zahra Ataee; Bita Dadpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 112-114

Abstract
  Objective: Tramadol is a synthetic analgesic with two mechanisms. The opioid and non-opioid mechanisms are responsible for tramadol side effects. Non-opioid side effects of tramadol are due to the reuptake inhibitions of serotonin and norepinephrine. Some of the side effects include anaphylactoid reactions, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
164. Midwakh (pipe) and seizure: The overlooked link

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 140-142

Abstract
  Objective: Numerous drugs and medications from various pharmacological classes can lead to seizures as an unwanted side effect. Midwakh is a pipe commonly used to smoke tobacco blend in small quantities. Midwakh use is increasing, especially among young people. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old patient ...  Read More

Infectious disease
165. The proposed scoring system for hospitalization or discharge of patients with COVID-19

Enayatollah Noori; Mostafa Vahedian; Sajjad Rezvan; Neda Minaei; Reihane Tabaraii

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 60-63

Abstract
  Objective: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the triage ofpatients diagnosed with corona virus has been a very important issue. The aim of thisstudy was to introduce a triage scoring system according to the clinical and para-clinicalfindings of patients in order to be admitted ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
166. Two year-old boy with ischemic stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 71-72

Abstract
  Arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in adults is considered a serious health threat and requires urgent medical treatment. Prompt diagnosis allows the therapeutic option of thrombolysis within the time window of 3 to 6 hours after first symptoms. Alternatively, early anti-platelet therapy is effective in ...  Read More

Infectious disease
167. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to COVID-19

Maythem Abdulhassan Al Kaisy

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 143-145

Abstract
  Objective: During the late 2019, a group of patients had unexplained chest infections in Wuhan which turned out to be the new pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). New neurological symptoms have been reported in COVID-19 patients. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a new neurological ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
168. Pseudo-SAH in a patient with methanol poisoning

Elham Pishbin; Hamidreza Reihani; Bahram Zarmehri; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2022, , Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Objective: Methanol poisoning is a dangerous life-threatening event, manifested withvarious symptoms, sometimes very rare ones, that all should be addressed to preventmisdiagnosis of the methanol-poisoned patients.Case Presentation: A 21-year-old young man was brought to the emergency department(ED) ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
169. Unilateral cyanosis on tongue as an unusual appearance in emergency department: a case report

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 69-70

Abstract
  Introduction: Unilateral and bilateral tongue cyanosis usually occurs due to the Raynaud syndrome and in the underlying severe types of vasculitis and rheumatology.Case Presentation: The present study was conducted on a 54-year-old woman who referred to the emergency department with complaints of ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
170. For whom the desert bell tolls: heat stroke or stroke

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 73-74

Abstract
         Heat stroke is the most complicated and dangerous amongst heat injuries that can lead to irreversible injury and even death with itself or with creating predisposibility to different diseases. The following case report depicts a patient who presented primarily with impairment ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
171. Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite in a healthy man: A very rare case report

Abbas Edalatkhah; Mohammad Ali Jafari; Sima Valizadeh; Alireza Esmaeili; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 115-117

Abstract
  Objective: Necrotizing fasciitis of the perinea, referred to as Fournier’s gangrene, is a necrotizing infection of the perinea. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on the Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite and this is a rare case report of this type.Case Presentation: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
172. How much can a small bursa stretch? A curious case of massive superficial infrapatellar bursitis in the emergency departme

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Volume 7, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2021, , Pages 146-148

Abstract
  Introduction: Inflammation of the infrapatellar bursa results from various causes like trauma, infection and overuse. Superficial skin or soft tissue infection can also lead to occasional septic bursitis. Infrapatellar bursa has two parts, superficial and deep bursae. Superficial bursa inflammation reactive ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
173. Painless aortic dissection with slurred speech (Neurologic symptom)

Esmaeal Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Navid Kalani; Samaneh Abiri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021, , Pages 71-73

Abstract
  Objective: Aortic dissection is an uncommon disorder with a high mortality rate, especially if misdiagnosis and mistreatment are not considered. Case Presentation: We present a 67-year old female with slurred speech and left sided plegia during her brother’s funeral. The patient did not have ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
174. A patient with a traumatic brain injury due to barrel bomb tertiary blast effect

Mustafa Bolatkale; Çağdaş Can; Ahmet Çağdaş Acara; Aydın Sarıhan

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 75-76

Abstract
   Preparing to manage weapons of mass destruction events challenges emergency services systems neighboring Syria every day. Understanding injury from explosives is essential for all providers of emergency care in both civilian and military settings. In this case, the authors present a 22-year-old ...  Read More

Infectious disease
175. Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More