Emergency medicine
The effect of chit powder technology in the treatment of burn hazards victims: A systematic review

Marziye Hadian; Alireza Jabbari; Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: In order to heal burn wounds, many researches have been done, including the use of biological scaffolds due to their ability to achieve the desired properties. Owing to the appropriate biological properties of chitosan such as biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties as well as the promotion ...  Read More

Disaster
Use of telemedicine and e-health in disasters: a systematic review

Simin Salehinejad; Nazanin Jannati; Roghayeh Ershad Sarabi; Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 56-62

Abstract
  Objective: Both natural and man-made disasters need near-term and long-term interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality among the affected population. Recently, telemedicine has been effectively used in both man-made and natural disasters and showed its effectiveness in eliminating the adverse consequences ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Infectious disease
SARS-CoV-2 and its dynamic impact on emergency department preparedness and management

Sohil Pothiawala

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 102-108

Abstract
  Introduction: Emerging viral diseases (EVDs) pose a significant threat to public health. There have been a few viral epidemics in the last two decades. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now a global pandemic.Objective: To provide emergency physicians an update on severe acute respiratory syndrome ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Medical errors during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of emergency medicine

Shaghayegh Rahmani; Kosar Deldar; Sara Hemati Ali

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 133-134

Abstract
  Objective: Nowadays, many countries all over the world are involved with COVID-19 and the number of new cases and deaths are on a rise. The role of emergency medicine and physician-led triage is important in this period. We report some near missed cases in our academic center related to this pandemic.Case ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 23 April 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Trauma
Open vertical sagittal fracture patella with fracture lateral condyle femur: approach to a rare injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 48-50

Abstract
  Patellar fracture is a relatively uncommon fracture especially the vertical sagittal type. In cases of high energy trauma injury, it is usually associated with fracture of ipsilateral distal femur or proximal tibia. However, the combination of vertical sagittal fracture patella and ipsilateral fracture ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Candida isolation from peritoneal fluid: Its role in the outcome of patients with perforation peritonitis

Shyam lal; Vinod Kumar Singh; Suhas Agarwal

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 49-54

Abstract
  Objective: Perforation peritonitis is a common surgical emergency which is treated bysurgery and antibiotics. Candida isolation in peritoneal fluid and antifungal treatment isnot a norm. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of Candida in peritonealfluid and its role in the outcome of ...  Read More

Trauma
Lateral condyle fracture with concomitant postero-medial elbow dislocation in a child: a case report

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Simultaneous combination of fracture of the lateral condyle and postero-medial elbow dislocation is a rare event and limited to few reports or case series in the literature. Rarity of the injury also necessitates judicious diagnosis and appropriate management to ensure optimal functional outcome. Various ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 109-111

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Oral ingestion of lidocaine for suicide: A case report

Maryam Adimolmasali; Ali Teimouri; Hamid Reza Mokhtar; Mahdi Foroughian; Parvin Zohoorian Sadr; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 135-136

Abstract
  Systemic toxemia with topical anesthetics could be fatal due to the use of anesthetics in various ways (oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). Nowadays, topical anesthetics are used in inpatient and outpatient treatments. Despite its widespread usage, many physicians are not fully aware ...  Read More

Three patients with acute appendicitis diagnosis following blunt abdominal trauma

Khosro Ayazi; Parham Nikraftar; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Fatemeh Shojaeian; Shervan Family

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most prevalent surgical emergencies is appendicitis, caused by different factors. However, its relation to trauma has not been well-known yet. Here we have described three cases with blunt abdominal trauma and a secondary diagnosis of appendicitis that were transferred to the operation ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Non-visible penetrating brain trauma: a case report

Rosanna Varutti; Alessandro Mosca; Nicola Latronico

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 50-52

Abstract
  Objective: One of the most frequent causes of death and acquired disability in the pediatric population is the Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). TBI is secondary to falls, road traffic and vehicle collisions, child abuse and assaults. Penetrating brain injury is a severe form of traumatic brain injury. Blunt ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 63-65

Abstract
  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Critical Care
Intussusceptions due to trauma in a 17-month-old infant

Haleh Mousavi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Roshan Fahimi

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 66-67

Abstract
  Invagination is a kind of intestine disease in children and it is occurred between 2 upto 14 years old. This is a report of 17 months infant with intussusception due to trauma. The patient had admitted to emergency department because of motor vehicle accident and because of abdominal pain, abdominal ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
“Defense” injuries in attacks on humans by domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and jaguar (Panthera onca)

Manoel Francisco de Campos Neto; Vidal Haddad Junior

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 81-84

Abstract
  This communication describes two attacks by domestic and wild carnivores in Caceres County, localized in the Pantanal area, an extensive flooded plain in Mato Grosso State, Midwest region of Brazil. The first attack took place in an urban area and was caused by a Rottweiler dog (Canis lupus familiaris) ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Penetrating trans-abdominal bamboo stick injury: An unusual case report

Lalit Kumar Bansal; Raja Bhanukiran; Poras Chaudhary; Arun Kumar Gupta

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 137-139

Abstract
  Objective: objectives: Penetrating abdominal trauma secondary to bamboo stick injury is a rare entity in the developed world. Most of such kind of trans abdominal penetrating bamboo stick injury is associated with multiple solid and hollow viscus injuries. In developing countries like India, where nearly ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in COVID -19 patients: ICU course of four cases and review of literature

Ovais Nazir; Rana Pratap Singh; Amit Kumar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 28 May 2022

Abstract
  Objective: Since April 2021, there has been significant increase in number of COVID-19 cases in India. As the caseload increased, so did the complications like pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema (SE).Case Presentation: We present clinical course of 4 patients as case series of COVID-19 ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Heart attack or rhabdomyolysis?

Mustafa Bolatkale; Muhittin İşsever; Ulaş Karaoğlu; Ahmet Cagdas Acara; Mehtap Bulut

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 51-52

Abstract
   Statins are commonly used drugs in the treatment of hyperlipidemia (HL), despite some undesirable side effects. These range from mild symptoms such as myopathy, muscle weakness and myalgia to severe muscle weakness associated with chronic myopathy and acute renal failure (ARF) as a result of rhabdomyolysis. ...  Read More

Infectious disease
Urologic oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic

Manas Sharma; Rajendra B Nerli; Shridhar C Ghagane

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 55-59

Abstract
  The COVID-19 pandemic will have numerous consequences in the management of patientswith genitourinary cancers. As we are struggling to best exploit our limited health-careresources in managing COVID-19 infected patients, we need to rethink our approach toprovide the best medical care for cancer patients ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
A Foodborne botulism Occurrence in Mashhad: Clostridium botulinum in local cheese

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Hamid Reza Kheradmand

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 66-68

Abstract
  Objective: Clostridium botulinum is one of the most common life-threatening agents all around the world which produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). It may lead to morbidities such as paralysis and mortality after consuming canned tuna fish, local dairy products and home-preserved or commercial food. ...  Read More

Trauma
Carotid artery thrombosis and cerebral infarction after multiple traumas

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Bahman Naghipour; Sajjad Ahmadi; Seyed Hesam Rahmani

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 68-70

Abstract
  Carotid artery thrombosis and concomitant brain infarction after blunt trauma are rare conditions. We report a 34-year-old woman with multiple traumas due to pedestrian car accident. At the time of initial visiting, she was somnolent and her Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score was 14. Initial vital signs ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a young man due to tramadol overdose

Zahra Ataee; Bita Dadpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 112-114

Abstract
  Objective: Tramadol is a synthetic analgesic with two mechanisms. The opioid and non-opioid mechanisms are responsible for tramadol side effects. Non-opioid side effects of tramadol are due to the reuptake inhibitions of serotonin and norepinephrine. Some of the side effects include anaphylactoid reactions, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Midwakh (pipe) and seizure: The overlooked link

Mustafa Mahmood Eid

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 140-142

Abstract
  Objective: Numerous drugs and medications from various pharmacological classes can lead to seizures as an unwanted side effect. Midwakh is a pipe commonly used to smoke tobacco blend in small quantities. Midwakh use is increasing, especially among young people. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old patient ...  Read More