Clinical Toxicology
76. Tramadol abuse and shoulder dislocation

Behnam Behnush; Roya Kordrostami; Nahid Dadashzadeh; Maryam Ameri

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 82-85

Abstract
  This study aimed to evaluate the shoulder dislocation following tramadol-induced seizure and its potential difference with other shoulder dislocations. We evaluated six cases that used tramadol tablets and some of them had a history of seizure. All of the cases had shoulder dislocation. According to ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
77. Efficacy measurement of ketorolac in reducing the severity of headache

Alireza Baratloo; Marzieh Amiri; Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar; Sadegh Hasani; Samar Fouda; Ahmad Negida

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 21-24

Abstract
  Objective: One of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) named as ketorolac is frequently used to relieve acute pain. Current study was conducted with the aim of ketorolac efficacy measurement as a pain killer agent for controlling the primary headache in emergency departments. Methods: In this ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
78. The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Trauma
79. An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
80. Early preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome in a 20 week pregnant patient

Fatemeh Keighobadi Khajeh; Gholamreza Fareedalaee; Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2017, , Pages 32-33

Abstract
   The first time Weinstein in 1982 described patients with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) in pregnant preeclamptic and eclamptic patients. This syndrome is a severe form of preeclampsia or eclampsia. Usually HELLP syndrome occurs at the third trimester ...  Read More

Critical Care
81. Cardiovascular complications and acute ischemic stroke after the treatment with epinephrine in an anaphylactic patient

Ataman Köse; Akif Yarkaç; Gülten Bozali; Seyran Bozkurt Babuş; Ersin Altınsoy

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 32-34

Abstract
  Anaphylaxis is a serious clinical condition that can affect all ages and many systems (skin, gastrointestinal system, respiratory and cardiovascular systems). There are a few case reports of cardiac and cerebrovascular complications due to the anaphylaxis and/or the treatment with epinephrine. A 69-year-old ...  Read More

Cardiology
82. Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 35-38

Abstract
  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
83. Surgical management of cardiac tamponade: Is left anterior minithoracotomy really safe and effective?

Mirko Barone; Marco Prioletta; Giuseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Pierpaolo Camplese; Felice Mucilli

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 53-58

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening clinical entity that requires an emergency treatment. Cardiac tamponade can be caused both by benign and malignant diseases. A variety of methods have been described for the treatment of these cases from needle-guided pericardiocentesis, balloon-based ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
84. Hypersensitivity and cross-reactivity to cisplatin and carboplatin.

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 58-61

Abstract
  Cisplatin was the first of the platinum drugs. Second-generation platinum derivative was carboplatin that its efficacy in the treatment of many malignancies is equal to cisplatin, and its toxicity profile is more favorable. Here we report on a 50-year-old woman with a history of cervix cancer who developed ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
85. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
86. Successful outcome in managing of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Samad Shams Vahdati; Reza Shahab Moghadam; Pouya Paknejad; Zahra Vandrajabpour; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 67-68

Abstract
  Aluminum phosphide  (ALP) is a potent lethal substance, that use for agriculture purpose, as a pesticide. this substance may use for suicide, and it will kill the patient rapidly. we want to report a patient who use ALP for suicide purpose and was managed quickly in the emergency department and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
87. A study of the factors associated with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with chronic systemic hypertension

Mozhgan Taghizadeh; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamidreza Vakili; Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Reza Boostani; Negar Morovatdar; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Objective: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following systemic and chronic hypertension is one of the main causes of acute stroke leading to disability and death. Identifying the risk factors in ICH patients can be effective in reducing bleeding and the rates of mortality and disability in these patients. ...  Read More

Trauma
88. Munchausen syndrome as scorpion biting:a misdiagnosis

Reza Bidaki; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Mohamad Amin Sharifi; Seyed Nader Mostafavi; Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Davarani

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 86-88

Abstract
  Factitious disorder as Munchausen syndrome is a time and money consuming condition that is presented with different signs and symptoms. In emergent situations, it is not a differential diagnosis with high priority, but when it becomes recurrent with atypical symptoms, factitious disorder and malingering ...  Read More

Education
89. Standardized patients versus simulated patients in medical education: are they the same or different

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijri; Elham Sharifpoor; Masoumeh Rahimi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 25-28

Abstract
  In order to equip medical students with all the necessary skills in dealing with patients to provide optimal treatment, the need for the use of real patients in educational settings has become prominent. But all the required skills cannot be practiced on real patients due to patients’ safety and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
90. The effect of physiologic dose of intravenous hydrocortisone in patients with refractory septic shock: a randomized control trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Maryam Salehi; Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee; Majid Jalalyazdi; Hamidreza Reihani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 29-33

Abstract
  Objective: Septic shock is a response to infection and tissue hypoperfusion which does not respond to fluid therapy and eventually leads to organ dysfunction. Aggressive treatment of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and supportive measures are the cornerstones of successful treatment. In addition to the ...  Read More

91. Relationship between temperament and character personality dimensions among suicide attempters in an Iranian population

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Shahrokh Amiri; Nima Sarihi; Elham Hossein; Salman Safikhanlou; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Ghareziaaddin

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 33-37

Abstract
  Objective: Two temperamental components that are mostly associated with suicide are high novelty seeking (NS) and high harm avoidance (HA). This study aimed to evaluate the temperament and character personality dimensions of self-poisoning in suicidal attempters in an Iranian population.Methods: A descriptive-analytic ...  Read More

Critical Care
92. Sudden death in strabismus surgery under local anaesthesia: a case report

Mahesh Chand Meena; Kuldeep Panchal; Mukta Rani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2017, , Pages 34-37

Abstract
  Oculocardiac reflex (OCR) sometimes occurs as a result of pressure on the eye or traction of the intraorbital surrounding structures during ophthalmic surgery. This can result in bradycardiac arrhythmia and cardiac arrest. A 45-year-old female was undergoing an elective squint correction surgery of one ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
93. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Radiology
94. A look on trauma code activation in a major trauma centre in UAE: a descriptive study

Mustafa Mahmood Eid; Maythem Al-Kaisy

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 82-86

Abstract
  Background:Trauma is considered to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. This descriptive study has an emphasize on the epidemiology, mechanism and patterns of trauma, with a consideration of why trauma code was activated, and the imaging results in regard to the severity of ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
95. Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
96. An interesting case of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Sajjad Ahmadi; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 29-30

Abstract
  Ingestion and inhalation of phosphine are 2 forms of toxicity and their clinical manifestation is extremely wide. A 22-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain after eating lunch. She had a history of celiac disease. On arrival, she was alert and hemodynamically ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
97. Red blood cell distribution width: a determinant of hospital mortality in pancreatitis

Payman Moharamzadeh; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Mohammadhossein Somi; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Akbar Fadaeihaghi; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, there has been a great attention concerning red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in clinical decisions as well as determining the severity of diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the primary level of RDW to predict hospital mortality in pancreatitis. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
98. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
99. Trauma in pregnant women: an experience from a level 1 trauma center

Mishal Gillani; Sabah Uddin Saqib; Russell Seth Martins; Hasnain Zafar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 87-91

Abstract
  Objective: Trauma is the significant non-obstetrical cause of maternal mortality in women aged 35 years or younger. It is expected to complicate around 1 in 12 pregnancies and accounts for 46% of such deaths. In this study, we present our experience of trauma during pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
100. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More