Emergency Medical Services
76. Surgical management of cardiac tamponade: Is left anterior minithoracotomy really safe and effective?

Mirko Barone; Marco Prioletta; Giuseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Pierpaolo Camplese; Felice Mucilli

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 53-58

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening clinical entity that requires an emergency treatment. Cardiac tamponade can be caused both by benign and malignant diseases. A variety of methods have been described for the treatment of these cases from needle-guided pericardiocentesis, balloon-based ...  Read More

Trauma
77. Munchausen syndrome as scorpion biting:a misdiagnosis

Reza Bidaki; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Mohamad Amin Sharifi; Seyed Nader Mostafavi; Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Davarani

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 86-88

Abstract
  Factitious disorder as Munchausen syndrome is a time and money consuming condition that is presented with different signs and symptoms. In emergent situations, it is not a differential diagnosis with high priority, but when it becomes recurrent with atypical symptoms, factitious disorder and malingering ...  Read More

Trauma
78. The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Critical Care
79. Cardiovascular complications and acute ischemic stroke after the treatment with epinephrine in an anaphylactic patient

Ataman Köse; Akif Yarkaç; Gülten Bozali; Seyran Bozkurt Babuş; Ersin Altınsoy

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 32-34

Abstract
  Anaphylaxis is a serious clinical condition that can affect all ages and many systems (skin, gastrointestinal system, respiratory and cardiovascular systems). There are a few case reports of cardiac and cerebrovascular complications due to the anaphylaxis and/or the treatment with epinephrine. A 69-year-old ...  Read More

Trauma
80. The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Trauma
81. An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Education
82. Standardized patients versus simulated patients in medical education: are they the same or different

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijri; Elham Sharifpoor; Masoumeh Rahimi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 25-28

Abstract
  In order to equip medical students with all the necessary skills in dealing with patients to provide optimal treatment, the need for the use of real patients in educational settings has become prominent. But all the required skills cannot be practiced on real patients due to patients’ safety and ...  Read More

Pediatrics
83. Sudden death in strabismus surgery under local anaesthesia: a case report

Mahesh Chand Meena; Kuldeep Panchal; Mukta Rani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2017, , Pages 34-37

Abstract
  Oculocardiac reflex (OCR) sometimes occurs as a result of pressure on the eye or traction of the intraorbital surrounding structures during ophthalmic surgery. This can result in bradycardiac arrhythmia and cardiac arrest. A 45-year-old female was undergoing an elective squint correction surgery of one ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
84. The effect of physiologic dose of intravenous hydrocortisone in patients with refractory septic shock: a randomized control trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Maryam Salehi; Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee; Majid Jalalyazdi; Hamidreza Reihani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 29-33

Abstract
  Objective: Septic shock is a response to infection and tissue hypoperfusion which does not respond to fluid therapy and eventually leads to organ dysfunction. Aggressive treatment of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and supportive measures are the cornerstones of successful treatment. In addition to the ...  Read More

Trauma
85. Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma: an alarming and diagnostic challenge in the ED

Krishna Prasad; Susan Tharian; Jebu A Thomas

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 89-91

Abstract
  Traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (TSEH) is a neurosurgical emergency which is considered as one of the rare causes of back pain. The onset of symptoms presentation can vary especially following a trauma. Here, we report a case where a young girl had a trivial fall and presented symptoms of back pain ...  Read More

Trauma
86. Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

87. Relationship between temperament and character personality dimensions among suicide attempters in an Iranian population

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Shahrokh Amiri; Nima Sarihi; Elham Hossein; Salman Safikhanlou; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Ghareziaaddin

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 33-37

Abstract
  Objective: Two temperamental components that are mostly associated with suicide are high novelty seeking (NS) and high harm avoidance (HA). This study aimed to evaluate the temperament and character personality dimensions of self-poisoning in suicidal attempters in an Iranian population.Methods: A descriptive-analytic ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
88. An interesting case of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Sajjad Ahmadi; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 29-30

Abstract
  Ingestion and inhalation of phosphine are 2 forms of toxicity and their clinical manifestation is extremely wide. A 22-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain after eating lunch. She had a history of celiac disease. On arrival, she was alert and hemodynamically ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
89. Red blood cell distribution width: a determinant of hospital mortality in pancreatitis

Payman Moharamzadeh; Kavous Shahsavari Nia; Mohammadhossein Somi; Mahboub Pouraghaei; Akbar Fadaeihaghi; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 34-38

Abstract
  Objective: In recent years, there has been a great attention concerning red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in clinical decisions as well as determining the severity of diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the primary level of RDW to predict hospital mortality in pancreatitis. Methods: ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
90. Efficacy of rescue blanket versus conventional blanket in terms of preventing accidental hypothermia during patient transfer by emergency medical service: a randomized clinical trial

Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin; Maryam Modaber; Amirreza Farhoud; Mehrad Aghili

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 38-42

Abstract
  Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of rescue blankets with conventional blankets in terms of preventing hypothermia in the pre-hospital setting. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, patients older than 18 years old with Cold Discomfort Scale (CDS) > 2, and those who were transferred ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
91. Intravenous acetaminophen versus morphine sulfate in pain management of acute renal colic: a randomized clinical trial

Seyyed Hosein Montazer; Behzad Feizzadeh; Farzad Bozorgi; Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad; Ayyoub Barzegarnezhad; Iraj Golikatir; Fatemeh Jahanian; Hasan Motamed; Hamed Aminiahidashti

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Objective: The main purpose in the treatment of renal colic patients in emergency department is pain management. This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and morphine sulfate in this regard. Methods: This double blind clinical trial was conducted on >18 ...  Read More

Forensic Medicine
92. Demographic findings in suicidal hangings among Iranian population

Maryam Ameri; Maryam Akhgari; Roya Kordrostami

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 71-74

Abstract
  This study aimed at describing demographic information of the deceased resulting from hanging by means of different methods of suicide. In this cross-sectional study, the file of suicide cases referred to the Central Legal Medicine Organization was investigated retrospectively. Of 1681 suicide cases, ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
93. The financial burden of imaging tests conducted in the emergency department of a teaching hospital: a brief report

Sahar Mirbaha; Mohammadmehd Forouzanfar; Amin Saberinia; Amir Salimi; Hamid Kariman; Mozhgan Farmahini Farahani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 43-46

Abstract
  Objective: Each imaging technique has a special application and usage, and should be used in the right situation. Physicians choose the type of imaging technique by considering the type of tissue and the benefits and disadvantages of the imaging method as well as its financial burden on the patient. ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
94. Epidemiological study of pregnant women admitted to the emergency department

Seyedhossein Ojaghihaghighi; Samad Shams Vahdati; Simin Taghavi; Aydin Rahimzade Jahandari; Pegah Sepehri Majd; Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 44-47

Abstract
  Objective: Pregnancy is an important psychological and biological phenomenon in women’s life. Pregnancy has many complications jeopardizing the well-being of the mother and the child. Methods: In this retrospective study, the data including demographic information, chief complaint, the initial ...  Read More

emergency nursing
95. The prevalence of personality disorders in nurses: role of the workplace environment

Sahar Mirbaha; Parvin Kashani; Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Afshin Amini; Farahnaz Meschi; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 59-63

Abstract
  Objective: Personality disorder is a multi-factorial condition in which workplace stress plays a significant role. This study was undertaken due to scarcity of information regarding the role of workplace stress which can cause personality disorder among nurses. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ...  Read More

Trauma
96. Compartment syndrome as a result of incorrect treatment

Seyyed Mahdi Mirhamidi; Davood Soroosh; Alireza Abadi; Elahe Fahimi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 75-77

Abstract
  Compartment syndrome is a rare vascular disorder and an orthopedic emergency caused by high intramuscular pressure following bone fractures and some other etiologies. It mostly involves extremities, but can affect other parts of the body. The syndrome is diagnosed based on extensively varying signs and ...  Read More

Orthopedics
97. Giant cell tumor of patella: A case report and review of literature

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Rajnand Kumar

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 47-49

Abstract
  Objective: Patella is a sesamoid bone which develops in the quadriceps tendon. It is an uncommon site for neoplasms. The most common primary tumors which involve patella are benign. These include chondroblastoma, giant cell tumor (GCT) and aneurysmal bone cyst. Malignant lesions are less common in patella. ...  Read More

Trauma
98. Elbow dislocation with bicondylar humeral fracture in an adult: a unique type of injury

Mohit Kumar Arora; Ela Madaan; Sandeep Kumar

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2019, , Pages 78-80

Abstract
  Simultaneous fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus along with elbow dislocation is very rare injury in adults. Only a few cases have been reported in literature in pediatric age groups. The authors describe a case report of fracture of lateral condyle and medial epicondyle of humerus ...  Read More

Trauma
99. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 September 2019

Abstract
  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Trauma
100. Lateral condyle fracture with concomitant postero-medial elbow dislocation in a child: a case report

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 64-65

Abstract
  Simultaneous combination of fracture of the lateral condyle and postero-medial elbow dislocation is a rare event and limited to few reports or case series in the literature. Rarity of the injury also necessitates judicious diagnosis and appropriate management to ensure optimal functional outcome. Various ...  Read More