Aims and Scope

The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma is an Open Access free of charge and double blind peer-reviewed journal which provides an international forum for communication among health professionals with clinical, academic, and research interests in emergency practice. The journal gives particular emphasis to papers that integrate the findings of academic research into realities of clinical practice in the following areas:
Clinical Toxicology, Environmental Emergencies, Resuscitation, Anesthesiology, Emergency Ultrasonography, Disaster Medicine, Traumatology, Trauma Surgery, Critical Care, Internal Medicine, Cardiac Emergencies, Pediatrics Emergency Medicine, Behavioral Emergencies, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Nursing and any other research related to emergency practice.

JEPT adheres to ICMJE and follows the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.


We are pleased to announce that Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma (ISSN: 2383-4544) has been accepted for inclusion in Scopus by Content Selection and Advisory Board (CSAB).

The CSAB has advised that the title is accepted for inclusion in Scopus.



The Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma was approved at the 115th session of the National Medical Journals Commission of Iran on 14/Feb/2016 as a scientific-research journal.


Letter to Editor Infectious disease
1. COVID-19 epidemic: What happens to other routine patients admitted in the emergency department?

Shaghayegh Rahmani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 53-54

  Four weeks have passed from the first reported case of covid-19 in Iran. During the past month, thousands of patients ran to emergency departments (EDs) due to respiratory complaints. From the beginning of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, EDs have become particular units for admitting patients ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
2. The investigation of valid criteria for hospitalization and discharge in patients with limb cellulitis: a prospective cohort study

Samaneh Abiri; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbar; Neema John Mehramiz; Naser Hatami; Abdol Ali Ameri; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 55-58

  Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a valid model for patients’ admission or discharge from emergency services to improve the health system and reduce costs.Methods: This study was carried out using a prospective cohort method. The study population was patients with limb cellulitis ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
3. Pediatric upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children: etiology and treatment approaches

Esra Polat; Nevzat Aykut Bayrak; Günsel Kutluk; Hasret Ayyıldız Civan

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 59-62

  Objective: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGB) is one of the most important and serious cause of emergency admission in childhood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the etiological factors and the treatment approaches in patients with UGB.Methods: In this retrospective study, children with UGB admitted ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
4. Investigating the relationship between how a chief complaint is expressed and the patient workflow

Sajjad Ahmadi; Niloufar Pouresmaeil; Farima Najjarian; Samad Shams Vahdati; Maryam Rahimpour Asenjan; Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 63-67

  Objective: Emergency departments and hospital emergency departments are important due to their critical role in providing urgent medical care to patients in dire need of medical interventions. Checking bottlenecks in new conditions and planning to reduce bed occupancy and hospitalization is needed. The ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
5. Assessment of awareness and attitude of EMS personnel concerning pre-hospital stroke care based on American Stroke Association Guideline

Payman Asadi; Vahid Monsef Kasmaei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Shiva Bakian; Amir Noyani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 68-72

  Objective: Emergency medical services (EMS) is a critical component of health care system and the forefront of stroke care. The prominent role of EMS in stroke care is timely and accurate diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke and transfer of the patients to stroke centers. The present study aimed to assess ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. The importance of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds

Fares Najari; Hadi Jafari; Ali Mohammad Alimohammadi; Dorsa Najari

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 73-76

  Objective: Determination of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds is important due to the necessity of immediate workup in the emergency room as well as the legal aspects of cases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of victim’s clothes in gunshot wounds referred to autopsy hall ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
7. A study of the factors associated with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with chronic systemic hypertension

Mozhgan Taghizadeh; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamidreza Vakili; Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Reza Boostani; Negar Morovatdar; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 77-81

  Objective: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following systemic and chronic hypertension is one of the main causes of acute stroke leading to disability and death. Identifying the risk factors in ICH patients can be effective in reducing bleeding and the rates of mortality and disability in these patients. ...  Read More

Original Article Radiology
8. A look on trauma code activation in a major trauma centre in UAE: a descriptive study

Mustafa Mahmood Eid; Maythem Al-Kaisy

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 82-86

  Background:Trauma is considered to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. This descriptive study has an emphasize on the epidemiology, mechanism and patterns of trauma, with a consideration of why trauma code was activated, and the imaging results in regard to the severity of ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
9. Trauma in pregnant women: an experience from a level 1 trauma center

Mishal Gillani; Sabah Uddin Saqib; Russell Seth Martins; Hasnain Zafar

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 87-91

  Objective: Trauma is the significant non-obstetrical cause of maternal mortality in women aged 35 years or younger. It is expected to complicate around 1 in 12 pregnancies and accounts for 46% of such deaths. In this study, we present our experience of trauma during pregnancy at a tertiary care hospital ...  Read More

Brief Report Emergency medicine
10. A report on the experience of using ultrasound by emergency medical technicians in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting: a pilot study

Pir-Hossein Kolivand; Peyman Saberian; Mostafa Sadeghi; Maryam Modabber; Parisa Hasani-Sharamin

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 92-97

  Objective: The current study was performed to provide real-time bedside ultrasonography for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and assess the advantages and disadvantages of its application in dealing with trauma patients in pre-hospital setting from their viewpoints.Methods: This semi-experimental ...  Read More

Perspective Infectious disease
11. Urological surgery in the time of coronavirus pandemic

Manas Sharma; Shridhar C. Ghagane; Shubhashree Muralidhar; Shashank Patil; Naina R. Nerli; Rajendra B. Nerli

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 98-101

  The current coronavirus pandemic forces us to realize the significance of the careful utilization of financial and health-care resources. At the same time, it is important to ensure the ability of urologists to function through this crisis to provide essential and emergency services. With regards to ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
12. SARS-CoV-2 and its dynamic impact on emergency department preparedness and management

Sohil Pothiawala

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 102-108

  Introduction: Emerging viral diseases (EVDs) pose a significant threat to public health. There have been a few viral epidemics in the last two decades. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is now a global pandemic.Objective: To provide emergency physicians an update on severe acute respiratory syndrome ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
13. A case report of an unexpected traumatic brain injury following severe child abuse

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Ehsan Bolvardi; Esmail Rayat Dost; Mahdi Foroughian

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 109-111

  Introduction: Child abuse has been defined as allowing others to cause physical, emotional, and sexual harm, and also physical and emotional pain to a child. The present study was a report on a case of physical and sexual child abuse accompanied by traumatic brain injury (TBI) referred to an emergency ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
14. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a young man due to tramadol overdose

Zahra Ataee; Bita Dadpour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 112-114

  Objective: Tramadol is a synthetic analgesic with two mechanisms. The opioid and non-opioid mechanisms are responsible for tramadol side effects. Non-opioid side effects of tramadol are due to the reuptake inhibitions of serotonin and norepinephrine. Some of the side effects include anaphylactoid reactions, ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
15. Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite in a healthy man: A very rare case report

Abbas Edalatkhah; Mohammad Ali Jafari; Sima Valizadeh; Alireza Esmaeili; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 115-117

  Objective: Necrotizing fasciitis of the perinea, referred to as Fournier’s gangrene, is a necrotizing infection of the perinea. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on the Fournier’s gangrene following an ant bite and this is a rare case report of this type.Case Presentation: ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
16. Case report of a piece of dishwashing steel wool in a child’s pharynx

Parvin Aَbbaslou; Maryam Ahmadipour

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 118-120

  Objective: Foreign body swallowing is a common pediatric problem. A foreign body in the pharynx is a medical emergency that requires urgent intervention. Evaluation and treatment of pharyngeal foreign bodies is much more difficult in children than in adults and sometimes requires hospitalization and ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
17. Severe hemoglobinuria due to Hemiscorpius enischnochela (Scorpiones: Hemiscorpiidae) envenomation from South of Iran

Mehran Shahi; Seyed Hamid Moosavy; Hossein Sanaei-Zadeh

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 121-125

  Objective: Scorpion stings are common in tropical regions of Iran. Hemiscorpius enischnochela are distributed in southern part of Iran. The venom of this scorpion causes severe hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, and occasionally death.Case Presentation: This report describes the clinical manifestations of envenomation ...  Read More

1. Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 35-38

  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

2. A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 1-2

  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
3. Using risk factors to help in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients with non-diagnostic electrocardiogram changes in emergency department

Ali Arhami Dolatabadi; Parvin Kashani; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Hamid Kariman; Alireza Baratloo

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 3-6

  Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of cardiac risk factors and the risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Emergency Department (ED) patients with non-diagnostic ECG changes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital during a period ...  Read More

emergency nursing
4. Factors influencing decisions on organ donation in brain death patients

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijari; Mahla Salajegheh; Ali Akbar Haghdoost; Habibolah Rezaei

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2015, , Pages 60-66

  Organ donation is an integral part of the health care system. Many patients who have had an accident or have undergone a progressive disease are in need of an organ transplant and if they do not receive the required organ they would die. It is important to know that the most important source of organ ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
5. Evaluation of suicide attempts with drug poisoning in North-West of Iran

Samad Shams Vahdati; Narges Moradi; Jamil Hemat Ghadim; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 1-2

  Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) or drug induced suicide is the most common method of suicide in the developed countries and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (1-3). Factors associated with DSP include economic and social factors, culture, religion, and health (4-6). Other symptoms ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Clinical Toxicology
1. A brief review of some strange and unusual poisoning in children

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Anahita Alizadeh Ghamsari; Bita Dadpour

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 November 2019

  The Clinical Toxicology Center in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad is the referral center of poisonings in the East of Iran and many cases of poisoned children are referred to this center and some cases are admitted.In this letter we report some specific, strange and unusual poisonings in children admitted ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
2. A case report of an isolated traumatic dental injury in an 8-year-old child

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Hamid Zamani Moghadam; Neema John Mehramiz; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 October 2019

  Objective: Anterior teeth are of utmost importance with regard to chewing, speaking, and beauty. Therefore, any traumatic dental injury has psychologically undesirable effects on children and their parents. The present study reported a case of a traumatic dental injury induced by falling ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
3. A Foodborne botulism Occurrence in Mashhad: Clostridium botulinum in local cheese

Mohammad Hossein Kamaloddini; Hamid Reza Kheradmand

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 26 January 2020

  Objective: Clostridium botulinum is one of the most common life-threatening agents all around the world which produces botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). It may lead to morbidities such as paralysis and mortality after consuming canned tuna fish, local dairy products and home-preserved or commercial food. ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
4. A case of cardiac arrest following Brugada syndrome as a rare disorder

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Samaneh Abiri; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mohammad Javad Zarei; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamideh Akbari; Navid Kalani; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Seyed Hamed Hojati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 March 2020

  Objective: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a disorder in which the electrical activity in the heart is abnormal and affects individuals with cardiac dysrhythmia. In the present study, we introduce a case diagnosed with BrS, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and received treatments following sudden cardiac ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
5. Unilateral cyanosis on tongue as an unusual appearance in emergency department: a case report

Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Esmaeil Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Mahdi Foroughian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 07 April 2020

  Introduction: Unilateral and bilateral tongue cyanosis usually occurs due to the Raynaud syndrome and in the underlying severe types of vasculitis and rheumatology.Case Presentation: The present study was conducted on a 54-year-old woman who referred to the emergency department with complaints of ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
6. Painless aortic dissection with slurred speech (Neurologic symptom)

Esmaeal Rayat Dost; Saeed Barazandehpour; Navid Kalani; Samaneh Abiri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 May 2020

  Objective: Aortic dissection is an uncommon disorder with a high mortality rate, especially if misdiagnosis and mistreatment are not considered. Case Presentation: We present a 67-year old female with slurred speech and left sided plegia during her brother’s funeral. The patient did not have ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
1. Penetrating abdominal injuries in an emerging semi-urban teaching hospital

Julius Gbenga Olaogun; Amarachukwu Chiduziem Etonyeaku; Joshua Taye Ige; Obafemi Kayode Wuraola

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 7-12

  Objective: There has been a worldwide rise in the prevalence of penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), and there are both inter-country and intra-country variations in frequencies. This study evaluates the mechanisms and pattern of penetrating abdominal injuries and the treatment outcome in our center.Methods: ...  Read More

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