Editorial Infectious disease
Clubfoot management during COVID-19 times: An Indian scenario

Akash Singhal; Anil Kapoor

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 86-87

  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been universal and swift inits spread. As orthopaedic surgeons, for the most of us this timeframe has reduced ouractivity to emergency and trauma cases only, with virtual outpatient clinics and no electivesurgeries. With some of the common deformity ...  Read More

Letter to Editor Emergency medicine
Sudden calf swelling and pseudo-thrombophlebitis in rheumatoid arthritis: an uncommon emergency spot diagnosis

Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu; Tanuja Pangtey

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 88-89

  A 52-year-old male presented with atraumatic left side calf swelling for the last three months. The swelling had acute onset and increased gradually in size. He had a history of rheumatoid arthritis with treatment options limited to physiotherapy sessions and pain medication as he could not continue ...  Read More

Review Article Infectious disease
Final triage methods to decide on home-isolation versus hospitalization in COVID-19 pandemic: a challenge for clinicians

Mojtaba Miladinia; Farhad Abolnezhadian; Joachim G. Voss; Kourosh Zarea; Naser Hatamzadeh; Mandana Ghanavati

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 90-94

  Objective: Final patient triage determines which patients can be home-isolated andwhich patients require hospitalization on the basis to predict the patient’s prognosismost accurately. Final triage is an important link in the clinical management chain of thecoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Underlying causes of pulled elbow in children: Could there be a physiopathology similar to transient synovitis of the hip?

Raheleh Faramarzi; Mohammad Davood Sharifi; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi; Behnaz Alizadeh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 95-98

  Objective: Partial dislocation of radius head (pulled elbow) is the most common trauma observed in out-patient orthopedic treatment of children. The typical mechanism of this trauma includes exertion of longitudinal force along the forearm in a pronation position, causing partial dislocation of the radius ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic: A phenomenological research

Mohammad Mohammadi; Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad; Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi; Maryam Shivanpour

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 99-103

  Objective: Pre-hospital emergency staff are involved in the front line of care for COVID-19 patients and face many challenges. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital emergency staff in the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: This qualitative research was conducted with a descriptive ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Utility of type and screen policy for pretransfusion compatibility testing at an urban level Ι apex trauma center

Rahul Chaurasia; Naveen Akhtar; Subramanian Arulselvi; Vedanand Arya; Sulekha Karjee

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 104-109

  Objective: Type and crossmatch (TC) policy is the most common approach for pretransfusion compatibility testing prior to issue of blood for transfusion. As it involvesreserving of the blood units (usually up to 72 hours) prior to issue or un-reserving, it can leadto excessive blood cross matching, inventory ...  Read More

Original Article Cardiology
The role of ProBNP in differentiation of cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope: A diagnostic accuracy study

Afshin Amini; Maryam Ahmadi Chegeni; Zahra Soltanzadeh Khasraghi; Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob; Sina Shool; Amir Ghabousian; Rozita Khatamian Oskooi; Saeed Safari

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 110-114

  Objective: The significance of diagnosing the root reason for syncope and taking therequired preventive or treatment measures cannot be overlooked when it comes tooutcome prediction. This study endeavors to examine the role of proBNP in differentiatingcardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope in patients ...  Read More

Original Article Infectious disease
Risk factors, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19

Abbas Edalatkhah; Fateme Samadi Khorshidi; Hamidreza Mohammadi; Razieh Hassannejad; Faezeh Jafari; Mohammad Lame; Amirhossein Zarepur; Ehsan Zarepur

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 115-121

  Objective: An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurred in late 2019. A better understanding of this disease will help us in preventing and managing it. This study evaluated the risk factors and clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients admitted to Shahid Sadoughi hospital in ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
The influence of cold versus room temperature charcoal on reducing nausea of poisoned patients: A randomized clinical trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Bita Dadpoor; Behrang Rezvani Kakhki; Veda Vakili; Elahe Barati; Elnaz Vafadar Moradi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 122-127

  Objective: Intoxication is among the most common causes of emergency department (ED) visits. Activated charcoal is one of the useful treatments preventing poison absorption. However, nausea caused by using charcoal has made this substance less acceptable among patients. This study aims at investigating ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
A new method to predict the in-hospital outcome of multi-trauma patients: R-GAP

Pegah Sepehri Majd; Amirhossein Alimohammadi Siyabani; Haniyeh Ebrahimi Bakhtavar; Farzad Rahmani

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 128-133

  Objective: Awareness of the severity of trauma and the outcome of patients can help physicians decide how long to treat patients. The objective of this study is to design a new score (R-GAP: Revised-GCS, Age, Pressure) for multi-trauma patients and determine its predictive value concerning in-hospital ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
Aprospective risk stratification and validation of HEART,GRACE andTIMIscoresfor chestpainpatients presenting to the emergency department

Madhushri Vadhone Dinesh; Aruna Chala Ramesh; Keshava Murthy M Rangaswamy; Hariprasad Kanakapura Veerendranath

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 134-140

  Objective: Chest pain is amongst the most frequently occurring symptoms in patientspresenting to the emergency department (ED). Accurate and fast risk stratification isparamountforidentification of patients with immediate risk of acute coronary syndrome(ACS). The present study has compared different ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Pulmonary necrosis and bronchopleural fistula in a patient infected with COVID-19: A case report

Mohsen Eshraghi; Enayatollah Noori; Ahmad Kachoie; Moien Zolmafakher

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 141-144

  Objective: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathological communication between thebronchial tree and pleural space. BPFs are commonly seen after lung surgery, and are lesscommon in trauma, lung abscess, and radiation therapy. In this study, we describe theclinical course and surgery of a case of pulmonary ...  Read More

Case Report Emergency medicine
Three patients with acute appendicitis diagnosis following blunt abdominal trauma

Khosro Ayazi; Parham Nikraftar; Hamidreza Hatamabadi; Fatemeh Shojaeian; Shervan Family

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 145-147

  Objective: One of the most prevalent surgical emergencies is appendicitis, caused by different factors. However, its relation to trauma has not been well-known yet. Here we have described three cases with blunt abdominal trauma and a secondary diagnosis of appendicitis that were transferred to the operation ...  Read More

Case Report Infectious disease
Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in COVID -19 patients: ICU course of four cases and review of literature

Ovais Nazir; Rana Pratap Singh; Amit Kumar

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 148-151

  Objective: Since April 2021, there has been significant increase in number of COVID-19 cases in India. As the caseload increased, so did the complications like pneumomediastinum (PM) and subcutaneous emphysema (SE).Case Presentation: We present clinical course of 4 patients as case series of COVID-19 ...  Read More

Case Report Cardiology
Case report of unusual presentation of COVID-19 in a patient with pulmonary hypertension

Mansoor Moazenzadeh; Maryam Aliramezany

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 152-155

  Objective: COVID-19 has now become a worldwide health problem with many new cases diagnosed every day. people with underlying heart diseases are more likely to get infected and have poor prognosis. Of them, adult patients with congenital heart disease need special attention due to their different symptoms ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
Seizure after a massive infusion of N-acetylcysteine and successful treatment with a good outcome

Khadijeh Saravani; Pantea Ramezannezhad; Mohammad Hossien Kamaloddini; Mohammadmahdi Akbari; Tayebeh Shahraki

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 156-158

  Objective: N-acetylcysteine is frequently used as an efficacious antidote for acetaminophen toxicity. It prevents liver injury induced by paracetamol and in most cases the overdose of acetylcysteine produces mild clinical effects.Case Presentation: Here we describe a patient who self-treated himself ...  Read More

Case Report Critical Care
Renal infarction mimicking cholecystitis: a case report of a patient presenting with stroke

Sadaf Sheikh; Umair Javed

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 159-161

  Objective: Renal infarction which is a rare phenomenon can be missed on the patient’s work up making its incidence low.Case Presentation: We report a 68-year-old lady with known history of hypertension presented with epigastric pain and vomiting for 4 days. During her stay in the emergency room, ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
Platyceps karelini a nonvenomous snake (Ophidia: Colubridae) from Kashan county (Isfahan–Iran)

Rouhullah Dehghani; Nasrullah Rastegar Pouyani; Shahrad Tajaddini; Masoomeh Varzandeh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 162-165

  Objective: Snakes are among the predators of any ecosystem and have been seen in different parts of Iran. The report on their distribution in Isfahan province was taken into consideration because of the importance of regional knowledge of these animals.Case report: During this survey, a sample of snakes ...  Read More

Case Report Internal Medicine
A 10-year-old girl with red eyes and hypothyroidism

Zahra Ataee; Saeed Shokoohi-rad; Saman Soleimanpour

Volume 8, Issue 2 , July 2022, Pages 166-169

  Objective: Hypothyroidism has many causes and manifestations in children. One of the causes is autoimmunity, which is known as autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto thyroiditis. Pseudotumor cerebri is a rare manifestation of Hashimoto thyroiditis. Here we report a 10-year-old girl with asymptomatic papillary ...  Read More