Letter to Editor Trauma
1. A road to ethics: a new experience of retraction

Hafez Mohammadhassanzadeh; Amin Beigzadeh; Mehrdad Nazarieh

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 1-2

Abstract
  Every journal finds its fundamentals in the course of time by the validity and originality of its published literature. This is validated if authors keep diligence and honesty when they conduct their research and submit their work in a journal. But at times what comes out of a scientific research is ...  Read More

Original Article Clinical Toxicology
2. Comparing the effects of pethidine and diclofenac suppository on patients with renal colic in the emergency department

Ali Taherinia; Soodeh Shahsavari; Azadeh Heidarpour; Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaii; Afsson Vahdat

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 3-6

Abstract
  Objective: Renal colic is a common cause of emergency room visits. Due to the spontaneous passage of more than 90% of kidney stones, treatment in the emergency department (ED) is limited to pain control. Analgesics currently used are selected based on physician experiences and various theories from different ...  Read More

Original Article Internal Medicine
3. Identifying high and low serum-ascites albumin gradient in ascitic fluid by the point of care dipstick test

Leyli Asadabadi; Mohmmad Mehdy Heiran; Amirhosein Mirafzal

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 7-10

Abstract
  Objective: To evaluate the capability of ascitic fluid dipstick results for pH, glucose, and protein in order to predict a low serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) at the bedside of the patient in the emergency department (ED). Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted during one ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
4. The prevalence of low back pain among nurses working in Poursina hospital in Rasht, Iran

payman Asadi; Vahid Monsef Kasmaei; Seyyed Mahdi Zia Ziabari; Behzad Zohrevandi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 11-15

Abstract
  Objective: Low back pain is the most common skeletal disorder worldwide that 50% to 80% of people experience it at least once in their lifetime. Physical and psychological factors in the work environment can relatively contribute to low back pain. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low back ...  Read More

Original Article Trauma
5. Patient satisfaction in the emergency department: a case of Sina hospital in Tabriz

Maryam Eshghi; Farzad Rahmani; Behjat Derakhti; Fariba Abdollahi; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 15-20

Abstract
  Objective:  Patient satisfaction is one of the most important indicators for measuring the quality of emergency services and health care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients’ satisfaction in the emergency department (ED) of Sina hospital. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional ...  Read More

Original Article Emergency medicine
6. Efficacy measurement of ketorolac in reducing the severity of headache

Alireza Baratloo; Marzieh Amiri; Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar; Sadegh Hasani; Samar Fouda; Ahmad Negida

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 21-24

Abstract
  Objective: One of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) named as ketorolac is frequently used to relieve acute pain. Current study was conducted with the aim of ketorolac efficacy measurement as a pain killer agent for controlling the primary headache in emergency departments. Methods: In this ...  Read More

short communication Education
7. Standardized patients versus simulated patients in medical education: are they the same or different

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijri; Elham Sharifpoor; Masoumeh Rahimi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 25-28

Abstract
  In order to equip medical students with all the necessary skills in dealing with patients to provide optimal treatment, the need for the use of real patients in educational settings has become prominent. But all the required skills cannot be practiced on real patients due to patients’ safety and ...  Read More

Case Report Clinical Toxicology
8. An interesting case of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Sajjad Ahmadi; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, Pages 29-30

Abstract
  Ingestion and inhalation of phosphine are 2 forms of toxicity and their clinical manifestation is extremely wide. A 22-year-old girl was admitted with complaints of nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain after eating lunch. She had a history of celiac disease. On arrival, she was alert and hemodynamically ...  Read More