Emergency medicine
Utility of type and screen policy for pretransfusion compatibility testing at an urban level Ι apex trauma center

Rahul Chaurasia; Naveen Akhtar; Subramanian Arulselvi; Vedanand Arya; Sulekha Karjee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 December 2021

Abstract
  Objective: Type and crossmatch (TC) policy is the most common approach for pretransfusion compatibility testing prior to issue of blood for transfusion. As it involvesreserving of the blood units (usually up to 72 hours) prior to issue or un-reserving, it can leadto excessive blood cross matching, inventory ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Efficacy measurement of ketorolac in reducing the severity of headache

Alireza Baratloo; Marzieh Amiri; Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar; Sadegh Hasani; Samar Fouda; Ahmad Negida

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 21-24

Abstract
  Objective: One of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) named as ketorolac is frequently used to relieve acute pain. Current study was conducted with the aim of ketorolac efficacy measurement as a pain killer agent for controlling the primary headache in emergency departments. Methods: In this ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The use of ultrasonography for the confirmation of pulled elbow treatment

Farhad Heydari; Shiva Samsam Shariat; Saeed Majidinejad; Babak Masoumi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 24-28

Abstract
  Objective: The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography for the diagnosis and confirmation of Pulled Elbow treatment.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study initiated in 2014 and continued until 2015. We used simple sampling method and recruited 60 samples among patients aged 4 months to ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Frequency of opium use in traumatic patients admitted to Shahid Rahnemoon hospital

Malek Moradi; Amir Motamedi; Adele Pouyafard; Mostafa Gavahi; Mohsen Barzegar

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 26-31

Abstract
  Objective: Narcotic and alcohol use are recognized as the two important underlying factors in all types of trauma. In this study, the prevalence of opium consumption was investigated in traumatic patients who referred to Shahid Rahnemoon hospital in Yazd in 2018.Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional ...  Read More

Trauma
An investigation of the effects of osteoporosis, impact intensity and orientation on human femur injuries: a parametric finite element study

Ramin Shahbad; Mohsen Mortazav; Fereshteh Alizadeh-Fard; Zeinab Mohammadi; Fatemeh Alavi; Mohammed N. Ashtiani

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 28-32

Abstract
  Objective: Femur is the strongest, longest and heaviest bone in the human body. Due to the great importance of femur in human body, its injury may cause large numbers of disabilities and mortality. Considering various effective parameters such as mechanical properties, geometry, loading configuration, ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Early preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome in a 20 week pregnant patient

Fatemeh Keighobadi Khajeh; Gholamreza Fareedalaee; Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 32-33

Abstract
   The first time Weinstein in 1982 described patients with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) in pregnant preeclamptic and eclamptic patients. This syndrome is a severe form of preeclampsia or eclampsia. Usually HELLP syndrome occurs at the third trimester ...  Read More

Critical Care
Cardiovascular complications and acute ischemic stroke after the treatment with epinephrine in an anaphylactic patient

Ataman Köse; Akif Yarkaç; Gülten Bozali; Seyran Bozkurt Babuş; Ersin Altınsoy

Volume 5, Issue 1 , January 2019, , Pages 32-34

Abstract
  Anaphylaxis is a serious clinical condition that can affect all ages and many systems (skin, gastrointestinal system, respiratory and cardiovascular systems). There are a few case reports of cardiac and cerebrovascular complications due to the anaphylaxis and/or the treatment with epinephrine. A 69-year-old ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Investigation of autopsy results in cadavers with lead poisoning in Tehran Legal Medicine Center over 10 years

Fares Najari; Seyed Mojtaba Abolbagaei; Babak Mostafazadeh; Dorsa Najari

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 32-35

Abstract
  Objective: Due to the rapid pace of industrialization and the high prevalence of addiction, toxicity caused by heavy metals, especially lead, has become one of the major health problems associated with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, reliable information is critical to manage this condition. ...  Read More

Cardiology
Hyperkalemia-induced complete heart block

Alireza Baratloo; Pauline Haroutunian; Alaleh Rouhipour; Saeed Safari; Farhad Rahmati

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2015, , Pages 35-38

Abstract
  Background: Potassium, as an extracellular ion, plays an important role in the electrophysiologic function of the myocardium and any change in extracellular concentration of this ion might have a marked impression upon myocyte electrophysiologic gain. High serum potassium levels are thought to impair ...  Read More

Emergency Medical Services
Surgical management of cardiac tamponade: Is left anterior minithoracotomy really safe and effective?

Mirko Barone; Marco Prioletta; Giuseppe Cipollone; Decio Di Nuzzo; Pierpaolo Camplese; Felice Mucilli

Volume 3, Issue 2 , July 2017, , Pages 53-58

Abstract
  Objective: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening clinical entity that requires an emergency treatment. Cardiac tamponade can be caused both by benign and malignant diseases. A variety of methods have been described for the treatment of these cases from needle-guided pericardiocentesis, balloon-based ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Hypersensitivity and cross-reactivity to cisplatin and carboplatin.

Gholamreza Faridaalaee; Seyed Hesam Rahmani; Amin Mahboubi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , July 2016, , Pages 58-61

Abstract
  Cisplatin was the first of the platinum drugs. Second-generation platinum derivative was carboplatin that its efficacy in the treatment of many malignancies is equal to cisplatin, and its toxicity profile is more favorable. Here we report on a 50-year-old woman with a history of cervix cancer who developed ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The efficacy of inferior vena cava diameters and the jugular vein in assessing fluid resuscitation

Nahid Zamanimehr; Samad Shams Vahdati; Hamed Hojjatpanah

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 61-64

Abstract
  Objective: Fluid resuscitation is necessary in almost all critical patients. The central venous pressure (CVP) is a well-established method of assessing resuscitation. Recently, there have been attempts to investigate less invasive methods like the diameters of inferior vena cava (IVC) or the jugular ...  Read More

Clinical Toxicology
Successful outcome in managing of aluminum phosphide poisoning

Samad Shams Vahdati; Reza Shahab Moghadam; Pouya Paknejad; Zahra Vandrajabpour; Shahrad Tajoddini

Volume 1, Issue 2 , July 2015, , Pages 67-68

Abstract
  Aluminum phosphide  (ALP) is a potent lethal substance, that use for agriculture purpose, as a pesticide. this substance may use for suicide, and it will kill the patient rapidly. we want to report a patient who use ALP for suicide purpose and was managed quickly in the emergency department and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
A study of the factors associated with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with chronic systemic hypertension

Mozhgan Taghizadeh; Mahdi Foroughian; Hamidreza Vakili; Seyed Reza Habibzadeh; Reza Boostani; Negar Morovatdar; Ehsan Bolvardi

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Objective: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) following systemic and chronic hypertension is one of the main causes of acute stroke leading to disability and death. Identifying the risk factors in ICH patients can be effective in reducing bleeding and the rates of mortality and disability in these patients. ...  Read More

Trauma
Munchausen syndrome as scorpion biting:a misdiagnosis

Reza Bidaki; Mehrdad Roozbeh; Mohamad Amin Sharifi; Seyed Nader Mostafavi; Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Davarani

Volume 4, Issue 2 , July 2018, , Pages 86-88

Abstract
  Factitious disorder as Munchausen syndrome is a time and money consuming condition that is presented with different signs and symptoms. In emergent situations, it is not a differential diagnosis with high priority, but when it becomes recurrent with atypical symptoms, factitious disorder and malingering ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Emergency laparotomy at district hospitals in a developing nation: a review of indications and outcomes of treatment

Aloysius Ugwu-Olisa Ogbuanya; Nonyelum Benedett Ugwu

Volume 7, Issue 2 , July 2021, , Pages 111-117

Abstract
  Objective: Recently, emergency and essential surgical and anesthesia care at district hospitals is increasingly gaining recognition as a critical, though neglected element of health care system in Africa and other developing nations. Emergency laparotomy is a versatile procedure that can cure a great ...  Read More

Cardiology
The role of ProBNP in differentiation of cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope: A diagnostic accuracy study

Afshin Amini; Maryam Ahmadi Chegeni; Zahra Soltanzadeh Khasraghi; Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob; Sina Shool; Amir Ghabousian; Rozita Khatamian Oskooi; Saeed Safari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 15 June 2022

Abstract
  Objective: The significance of diagnosing the root reason for syncope and taking therequired preventive or treatment measures cannot be overlooked when it comes tooutcome prediction. This study endeavors to examine the role of proBNP in differentiatingcardiogenic and non-cardiogenic syncope in patients ...  Read More

Education
Standardized patients versus simulated patients in medical education: are they the same or different

Amin Beigzadeh; Bahareh Bahmanbijri; Elham Sharifpoor; Masoumeh Rahimi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 25-28

Abstract
  In order to equip medical students with all the necessary skills in dealing with patients to provide optimal treatment, the need for the use of real patients in educational settings has become prominent. But all the required skills cannot be practiced on real patients due to patients’ safety and ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
The effect of physiologic dose of intravenous hydrocortisone in patients with refractory septic shock: a randomized control trial

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Maryam Salehi; Azadeh Mahmoudi Gharaee; Majid Jalalyazdi; Hamidreza Reihani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 29-33

Abstract
  Objective: Septic shock is a response to infection and tissue hypoperfusion which does not respond to fluid therapy and eventually leads to organ dysfunction. Aggressive treatment of a broad-spectrum antimicrobial and supportive measures are the cornerstones of successful treatment. In addition to the ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Association between a history of child neglect, abuse and the suicidal patient: a cross-sectional study

Ali Delirrooyfard; Maria Cheraghi; Mehdi Sayyah; Zahra Farahbakhsh

Volume 8, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 32-36

Abstract
  Objective: People with a significant childhood history of abuse may exhibit emotionaldysregulations and psychiatric disorders and, in some cases, present suicidal ideation.Methods: In this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study data were collectedfrom suicidal patients referred to two grand ...  Read More

Relationship between temperament and character personality dimensions among suicide attempters in an Iranian population

Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani; Shahrokh Amiri; Nima Sarihi; Elham Hossein; Salman Safikhanlou; Mohsen Jafarzadeh-Ghareziaaddin

Volume 6, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 33-37

Abstract
  Objective: Two temperamental components that are mostly associated with suicide are high novelty seeking (NS) and high harm avoidance (HA). This study aimed to evaluate the temperament and character personality dimensions of self-poisoning in suicidal attempters in an Iranian population.Methods: A descriptive-analytic ...  Read More

Critical Care
Sudden death in strabismus surgery under local anaesthesia: a case report

Mahesh Chand Meena; Kuldeep Panchal; Mukta Rani

Volume 3, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 34-37

Abstract
  Oculocardiac reflex (OCR) sometimes occurs as a result of pressure on the eye or traction of the intraorbital surrounding structures during ophthalmic surgery. This can result in bradycardiac arrhythmia and cardiac arrest. A 45-year-old female was undergoing an elective squint correction surgery of one ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Awareness of COVID-19 among patient attendants coming to the emergency department in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad Metropolitan region: A questionnaire-based survey

Mulla Mahammad Rafi; Mohammed Ismai Nizami; Uppaluri Sarath Chandra; Ashima Sharma; Gaddam Dharani Reddy; Lubna Tarannum

Volume 7, Issue 1 , January 2021, , Pages 36-40

Abstract
  Objective: COVID-19 has become a major public health concern in recent times with detrimental effects on health and economy of the nation exerting unbearable pressure on health care personnel. It is vital for the caretakers and the people accompanying those patients to be aware of the ongoing pandemic ...  Read More

Emergency medicine
Traumatic spine injury in Kashan, Iran

Esmaeil Fakharian; Zahra Sehat; Mojtaba Sehat

Volume 5, Issue 2 , July 2019, , Pages 65-70

Abstract
  Objective: Traumatic spine injuries are seriously important and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study is to determine the epidemiology of the traumatic spine injuries in Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), the main trauma ...  Read More

Radiology
A look on trauma code activation in a major trauma centre in UAE: a descriptive study

Mustafa Mahmood Eid; Maythem Al-Kaisy

Volume 6, Issue 2 , July 2020, , Pages 82-86

Abstract
  Background:Trauma is considered to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. This descriptive study has an emphasize on the epidemiology, mechanism and patterns of trauma, with a consideration of why trauma code was activated, and the imaging results in regard to the severity of ...  Read More